A number of eminent scientists, economists and writers variously argue strongly FOR a global Carbon Tax that will directly put a price on greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution and enable urgently required rapid transformation to a non-carbon economy.
They variously argue AGAINST carbon pricing based on a Kyoto Protocol-based Cap-and Trade Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) of which the pro-coal Australian Government's carbon pollution-increasing and misleadingly named Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS) is a spectacularly flawed, irresponsible, anti-social, anti-humanity, anti-environment, anti-Planet and disastrous example.
Thus the pro-coal Australian ETS involves a rigged auction involving only major polluters and then extraordinarily hands most of the receipts back to the major polluters. The proposed Australian ETS is estimated to mean an increase in Australian domestic and exported greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution by 80% on 2000 levels by 2050 (see my letter in the leading Australian newspaper The Age, 14 June, 2009).
Well, we hear plenty from ignorant and dishonest politicians about their pet Cap-and-Trade Emission Trading Scheme (ETS). Indeed such a scheme is a key part of the Obama Administration Waxman-Markey energy, climate and cap-and-trade Bill that has just passed the US House of Representatives and now faces the US Senate.
But what do top climate scientists and climate economists say? Below are some key comments made by experts who press for a direct, global Carbon Tax rather than failed, worse than ineffective, dishonest, risky and market manipulatable Carbon Trading (for detailed, extensive and updated documentation of such views see the website of the Melbourne-based Yarra Valley Climate Action Group).
Professor James Hansen (top US climate scientist; Head, NASAâ€™s Goddard Institute for Space Studies; adjunct professor, Columbia; University, New York, USA), February 2009:
Jonathan Leake (science and environment editor of the UK Sunday Times), March 2009:
Professor William Nordhaus (Sterling Professor of Economics, Yale University, USA), March 2009:
Professor Jacqueline McGlade (Director of the European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, marine biologist and Professor of Environmental Informatics in the Department of Mathematics at University College London, UK), March 2009:
Professor Daniel M. Kammen, (Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley), March 2009:
Professor Barry Brook (Sir Hubert Wilkins Chair of Climate Change, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia), 2009:
Larry Lohmann (climate economist, The Corner House, London, UK); summary of book â€œCarbon Tradingâ€, by Larry Lohmann, editor, 2006 [implicit in the GHG pollution cessation argument is taxing GHG pollution out of existence]:
Dr Robert J. Shapiro (Chair, U.S. Climate Task Force and finance consultancy firm Sonecon; undersecretary of commerce for economic affairs in the Clinton Administration), January 2009:
More from Dr Robert J. Shapiro, March 2009:
Pro-coal US and pro-coal Australia are world leading greenhouse has (GHG) polluters. Pro-coal, climate criminal Australia is the worldâ€™s biggest coal exporter and a world leading greenhouse gas (GHG) polluter. Thus Australiaâ€™s domestic and exported â€œannual per capita GHG pollutionâ€ is 54 tonnes CO2-equivalent per person per year â€“ 2 times that of the US, 10 times that of China, 25 times that of India and 60 times that of Bangladesh.
If the December 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change Conference opts, like the climate criminal nations of the US and Australia, for a Cap-and-Trade Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), then the World is facing disastrous inaction over man-made global warming and the real prospect of worsening, First World-imposed climate genocide. Top UK climate scientist Dr James Lovelock FRS has estimated that fewer than 1 billion people will survive global warming this century, this constituting a prospective climate genocide that will kill 10 billion non-Europeans including 6 billion infants, 3 billion Muslims, 2 billion Indians and 0.3 billion Bangladeshis (for detailed documentation see here).
. Dr James Hansen, â€œCarbon Tax and 100% Dividend vs. Tax and Tradeâ€, Committee on Ways & Means, US House of Representatives, February 2009: http://cleanenergy-project.de/.../carbon-tax-100-dividend-vs-tax-trade/ ; http://www.columbia.edu/.../WaysAndMeans.pdf.
. Tricia Holly Davis & Jonathan Leake, New Statesman, 26 March 2009: http://newstatesman.com/.../carbon-price-climate-hope-co2.
. Professor William Nordhaus, â€œEconomic issues in designing a global agreement on global warmingâ€, Keynote plenary address for the 10-12 March 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change Conference on Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisionsâ€: http://climatecongress.ku.dk/.../speaker-11march2009.pdf/ ; for this and other plenary lectures see: http://climatecongress.ku.dk/.../congresspresentations/.
. Oliver Tickel, â€œReplace Kyoto Protocol with global carbon tax, says Yale economistâ€, Guardian, 12 March 2009.
. Professor Daniel M. Kammen, â€œFrom climate science to solutions: shared agendas in the North and Southâ€, Keynote plenary address for the 10-12 March 2009 Copenhagen Climate Change Conference on Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges and Decisionsâ€: http://climatecongress.ku.dk/.../speaker-11march2009.pdf/ ; for this and other plenary lectures see: http://climatecongress.ku.dk/.../congresspresentations/.
. Professor Barry Brook, â€œCPRS versus carbon tax: Senate Inquiryâ€, 30 March 2009.
. Larry Lohmann, summary of book â€œCarbon Trading. A critical conversation on climate change, privatisation and powerâ€ by Larry Lohmann, editor, 2006, published by Dag Hammarskold Foundation, Durban Group for Climate Justice and The Corner House, 2006.
. Dr Robert J. Shapiro, â€œThe real choice between Cap-and Trade and Carbon-based taxesâ€, Roll Call, 15 January 2009.
. Dr Robert J. Shapiro, "Shapiro: economy will force quick action on climate change", Roll Call, 30 March 2009.