In a confidential security review by Australia's Defence Force, named "Climate Change, The Environment, Resources And Conflict", the Australian army says climate change will pose "one of the biggest threats to security in the Pacific". The confidential security review obtained by the Sydney Morning Herald newspaper also says that the natural resources under the melting Arctic ice may spark a global conflict.
""Environmental stress, caused by both climate change and a range of other factors, will act as a threat multiplier in fragile states around the world, increasing the chances of state failure," said the summary, published in the Herald on Wednesday.
"The Arctic is melting, potentially making the extraction of undersea energy deposits commercially viable. Conflict is a remote possibility if these disputes are not resolved peacefully," the assessment said."
According to the security review rising sea levels, caused by climate change, will "affect nations and islands with low-lying coastlines", create climate refugees from the Pacific islands and result in more illegal fishing as food recourses will become rare.