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Posts posted by yongestclair1

  1. Green Products

    A green product or service is generally defined as one that is both environmentally and socially responsible. In short, the product or service is favorable and accountable to the environment and people that provides and utilizes it.

    Generally, green products and services are innovative, creative and are appealing to the mainstream consumer. They benefit the producers of the materials and the manufacturers and suppliers of the products. They show concern for ecology i.e. the plants, animals and ecosystems that underlie the production, supply and usage and they are comprised of materials that are relatively benign in their extraction phase such as reused, recycled, renewable, organic. The product's materials are either reusable and/or recyclable in our industrial processes or biodegradable so that they may be safely returned to the soil.

    In certain cases, they are energy efficient in terms of production, supply and/or usage to the extent that they may save more energy in their usage than that used to make them. The manufacturer may be utilizing green energy or subscribing to climate neutral credits. Green products are generally serve a useful purpose and are easy to use. The term may be relative in nature so that a hybrid automobile, although not clean by objective criteria, they may be clean relative to similar autos.

    Green products and services are reviewed at http://www.onebiosphere.com as well as related environmental topics of current concern.

    There are many green products being manufactured and marketed to consumers. Some of them are not really green The problem of "greenwashing" is critiical to the term green. Hence, if you want to buy a green product, you should go for an eco-labelled product, certified according to an eco-label scheme following an ISO 14025, type I eco-labelling. Examples of such schemes are the European Flower and the Nordic Swan. Products labelled according to such schemes.

    Green products fulfil environmental criteria developed in an open process with all stakeholders present, they are multi-parameter and the criteria are often revised to meet various parameters of environmental performance. The most comprehensive list of ISO 14025, type 1 eco-labelling schemes may be found at the GEN (Global Eco-labelling Network).

  2. Although 2 million species have been identified, the total number of species may range up to tens of millions. There are a multitude of species of invertebrates that have not been identified. Unfortunately, current rates of extinction are estimated to be in the order of 100 times higher than rates discovered through the fossil record. Scientists suggest that extinction rates will increase to the order of more than 1 000 times prior extinction rates over several decades.

    At http://www.onebiosphere.com there is substantial discussion and debate over the problems of biodersity and animal species extinction due to climatic change and other human impacts on the environment.

    Less than 10 per cent of the world's known species have been evaluated to determine their conservation prospects. Tens of thousands of species have been identified as endangered species. Among vertebrate groups, scientists have estimated that 30 per cent of amphibians, 23 per cent of mammals and 12 per cent of birds are threatened.

    In order to assess extinction trends, the conservation status of a species group must be evaluated on a regular basis. This information is available for birds and amphibians. Both groups indicate a continuing increase in the risk of extinction from the 1980s to 2007.

    The threat status of species varies by ecosystem. Tropical rainforests contain the highest number of threatened species, followed by tropical dry forests, mountain grasslands and dry shrub lands. The threat status of species in freshwater habitats has been inadequately studied. However, local assessments from the U.S. and the Mediterranean suggest that many freshwater species are at higher risk of extinction than terrestrial classes. Fisheries have been severely depleted to the extent that 75 per cent of global fish stocks are fully or overexploited.

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