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Sustainability: A renewed look at locality in architecture

Red Box at Night

Creative Commons License Photo credit: Jeremy Levine Design

Sustainability has never reached the point where it became so imminent as it is nowadays and at the same time so unperfected in the architectural discussion. We are on the eve of an architectural revolution where situational design parameters are no longer used as a design tool to “catch†the genius loci of a place or to resolve the design in the context, but will be driven from a sustainable necessity and local opportunities.

In an interview with the Dutch TV program “EenVandaagâ€, top economist Jeremy Rifkin states that the survival of the human race depends on the question; How are we going to deal with energy? According to Rifkin we are on the eve of a third industrial revolution, an era where fossil fuel is obsolete but the technique to create sustainable energy is available. So far no news. The interview gets interesting when he unfolds his view on “buildings as small power plants†and the way we should distribute energy. In his vision a lot depends on modern techniques which should be implemented in our buildings. Techniques to create energy from the sun, wind, earth warmth, tidal waves and domestic waste. On top of that we should also, according to Rifkin, renew our way of distribution of this “home created†energy. Energy can be stored as hydrogen energy and shared at peaks and lows throughout a intrigued network similar to the internet. Decentralised instead of centralised energy distribution. The question is; how can we as architects implement these techniques in our design process?

Generic and specific energy resources

Taking the statement “building as a power plant†as a starting point and re-evaluating the available techniques we are evidently given an opportunity. By reviewing these different techniques and energy resources we can clearly divide two main categories; “generic†techniques such as solar panels, wind turbines etcetera which can work at almost every location with almost every program. And location or program related techniques such as earth warmth, tidal wave, hydrogen energy and waste energy, the location or program “specific†techniques. An office uses a different waste policy then a family home, subsequently the process of using this waste as an energy source should also be approached differently in the design as such. Not on every location by lack of space or together with every program we can store hydrogen energy due to its explosive character, take a dense residential urban situation for example.

Check your resources

Before one design sketch is made a study of these specific local use, storage and distribution of alternative energy should be studied and checked on feasibility. Location analyses which are traditionally done by architects to come up with an appropriate building height, suitable entrance and façade materials etcetera should be complimented with a study on energy recourses. Specific energy recourses which should work for the specific location and the specific program or building type. Architects should not distinguish alternative energy recourses as a parameter or technical requirement from their design approach but must see these energies as a more fixed part of the ‘design-equation’, a specific and generic design variable.

The future is now

Buildings needn’t be the most energy guzzling sector in the industrialised world, responsible for close to 40% of the energy consumption and a large part of the CO2 emissions in modern society. In fact, the energy used in our buildings for heating, cooling, ventilation and hot water can be cut by 75% globally, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA). We need visionary architects enabling the whole-hearted and implement the use of these technologies into their design strategy. Not only new buildings should be constructed to be energy efficient enough to turn the structure into a net zero energy building. But even better, a plus energy home that supplies more energy than it requires, the home as a small power plant. Make money on clever energy use. It’s possible. We are beyond awareness. It just takes a new design method and a renewed look at the local opportunities.

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If builders really want to get serious about saving people money they should add Bathroom Bidet Sprayers to all new homes, apartments and renovations. Available at http://www.bathroomsprayers.com with these you won't even need toilet paper anymore, just a towel to dry off! It's cheap and can be installed without a plumber; it runs off the same water line to your toilet. You'll probably pay for it in a few months of toilet paper savings. And Now we're talking green and helping the environment without any pain. Blog; http://bathroomsprayers.blogspot.com/

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The Center for Media Research has released a study by Vertical Response that shows just where many of these ‘Main Street’ players are going with their online dollars. The big winners: e-mail and social media. With only 3.8% of small business folks NOT planning on using e-mail marketing and with social media carrying the perception of being free (which they so rudely discover it is far from free) this should make some in the banner and search crowd a little wary.

www.onlineuniversalwork.com

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Great article. While there are several DIY green-home projects, companies in the US are starting to pop-up as there has become a greater incentive to build and buy green homes. I know a handful of people who have landed a job because of this much needed third industrial revolution.

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Designers and media often tout the latest environmental advantages of one product over the other. Too often this type of analysis is flawed due to the lack of long-term research on these products. This weakens the argument made by Architects and other Sustainability Guru’s since their early adoption/assumption of these materials and methods can sometimes prove to be incorrect. Another method used is the “Shame†method. This is where a facility owner is faced with the moral choice of paying more and having a sustainable building or having baby seal pups die in the Arctic Circle. Too often building owners have to answer to share holders who are obligated to look at the bottom line. If Architects and Engineers want to push a Sustainable agenda, they need to start speaking in the language of building owners. The green in their language deals with dollars and cents not bamboo flooring and recycled content. The federal building program for the U.S. Forest Service takes a hard look at life-cycle cost analysis to help them make decisions on how the building should be designed. Their report can be found here: http://www.fs.fed.us/eng/pubs/htmlpubs/htm08732839/page01.htm Most typical life-cycle analyses look at the initial capital cost versus the operating cost over a fixed amount of time. This will often give them a ‘pay-back’ time that would equate to the operating dollars saved versus the initial cost premium. The report states that in a simple analysis of a building with a 30-year life span, the operating costs are typically one and a half times the cost of initial construction. It also states that salaries and benefits of employees over that same 30-year period are 18 times the initial cost of construction. Since employee productivity is affected by the quality of their workspace, it should be considered the most important factor when evaluating the effectiveness of any building design. Knowing this, architects and engineers need to better frame their design decisions to reflect this data. They also have to be more effective in relaying this data to property owners. We need to remind the owners of the human elements that happen after the building is open and how the design can affect employee productivity, retention and well-being.

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