What is Insomnia?
Insomnia is a sleep disorder symptoms such as recurrent difficulty to sleep or maintaining sleep even though there is a chance for it. The symptoms are typically followed by functional impairment while awake.
Insomnia is often caused by the presence of a disease or as a result of psychological problems. In this case, medical or psychological assistance will be required. One of the psychological therapies that effectively deal with insomnia is cognitive therapy. In the therapy, a patient is taught to improve sleep habits and eliminate counter-productive assumptions about sleep.
Many insomniacs dependent on sleeping pills and other sedative substances to be rested. All sedative drugs have the potential to cause psychological dependence such as the notion that they can not sleep without the drug.
Insomnia is not a disease, but a symptom that has a variety of causes, such as emotional disorders, physical disorders and drug use.
Trouble sleeping is often the case, both at a young age and old age; and often occur together with emotional disorders, such as anxiety, restlessness, depression or fear.
Sometimes a person have trouble sleeping simply because the body and brain are not tired.
With increasing age, sleep tends to decrease. Stage of sleep also changes, where stage 4 becomes shorter and eventually disappear, and at all stages more awake. These changes, although normal, often make parents think that they are not getting enough sleep.
The pattern of waking at dawn more often found in the elderly. Some people fall asleep normally but wake up several hours later and it was hard to fall asleep again.
Sometimes they sleep in a state of restless sleep and was not satisfied. Awakened at dawn, at any age, is a sign of depression.
The person may experience disrupted sleep patterns were reversed rhythm sleep, they slept not in time to sleep and wake up at bedtime.
This often occurs as a result of:
1.Jet lag (especially if traveling from east to west).
2.Working at night.
3.Frequently changing work hours.
4.Excessive alcohol use.
5.Drug side effects (sometimes).
6.Damage to the brain (as encephalitis, stroke, Alzheimer's disease).
Patients find it difficult to fall asleep or stay awake at night and feel tired all day. Beginning the process of sleep in patients with insomnia refers to a prolonged latency from bedtime to sleep. In the psycho-physiological insomnia, patients may complain of feeling anxious, tense, worried, or given the continuous problems in the past or in the future as they lay in bed too long without sleep. In acute insomnia, it is possible there is a triggering event, such as death or disease affecting a loved one. It can be associated with the onset of insomnia. This pattern may be fixed from time to time, and the patient may experience insomnia, repeated continuously. The greater the effort expended in trying to sleep, sleep becomes more difficult to obtain. Watching the clock when every minute and hour passes only increases a sense of urgency and effort to fall asleep. The bed can eventually be viewed as a battlefield, and sleep more easily achieved in an unfamiliar environment.
Sleep medicine specialist qualified to diagnose a variety of sleep disorders. Patients with a variety of diseases including delayed sleep phase syndrome is often misdiagnosed as insomnia.
To diagnose insomnia, conducted an assessment of:
1.Sleep patterns mentally ill
2.The use of drugs, alcohol, or drugs.
3.Levels of psychological stress.
Diagnosis is based on individual sleep needs.
The duration of sleep and mortality
A survey of 1.1 million people in the United States conducted by the American Cancer Society found that those who reported sleeping about 7 hours per night had the lowest mortality, while those who sleep less than 6 hours or more than 8 hours of higher-level his death. Slept for 8.5 hours or more each night can increase the mortality rate by 15%. Chronic insomnia - sleeping less than 3.5 hours (women) and 4.5 hours (males) may also lead to an increase of 15% mortality rate. After controlling for sleep duration and insomnia, use of sleeping pills is also associated with increased mortality.
The treatment of insomnia depends on the cause and severity of insomnia.
Parents who experience sleep changes as we age, it usually does not require treatment, because these changes are normal.
Insomniacs should remain calm and relaxed a few hours before bedtime and create a comfortable atmosphere in the bedroom; dim light and not noisy.
If the cause is emotional stress, given drugs to reduce stress. If the cause is depression, given anti-depressants.
If the sleep disturbance associated with normal activities the patient and the patient felt well, can be given medication to sleep for a while. Another alternative to treat insomnia without drugs are the therapeutic hypnosis or hypnotherapy.
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