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There is nothing like The Great Outdoors. Whether you are an experienced camper or just an average Joe looking to reconnect with nature, a camping trip will make a unique experience each and every time. The rough terrain of the wilderness will push you to your limits, and the fresh air of the night beneath a starry sky will give you a profound understanding of how fragile and tiny we are. Regardless of whether you are going camping with your friends in a park nearby, or going on a hiking expedition to a remote location, preparation is the key to a safe and successful trip. Basic Items It needs to fit in your backpack! Military style backpacks are ideal for hiking and camping trips - they are spacious, waterproof, and the design of the straps makes it easier to carry more load more efficiently. Regardless of whether you are going camping for one day or for an extended period of time, there are some essentials one should definitely pack in his or her campers backpack. A portable tent – When you are out in the wild, you don’t want to spend your nights out in the cold, and an imperative is to set up your camp before dark, and in order to do that, you will need a tent that is lightweight, compact, so that it doesn’t take a lot of space, and easy to assemble. You wouldn’t want to set up a camp during the night since that can get quite unpleasant. A Sleeping bag – The tent will provide you with a shelter, but it’s the sleeping bag that will provide you with isolation and warmth. Water – Water is essential, that is a wide known fact. Going on a long hike will take a toll on you. Even if you are in a great condition, as you exert yourself, you will sweat, and because of that, hydration is essential to camping, and it can often mean the difference between a successful trip and a failed one, and even between life and death sometimes. High calorie food – Unless you are driving to your camping site, long hikes uphill on a rough terrain consume a lot of energy. It’s necessary to have snacks along the way to replenish that energy. High calorie protein bars would be the best choice. They don’t take a lot of space and will provide you with enough fuel to help you reach your destination. Also, remember to pack some food to cook when you reach your destination and set up a camp. Fire – Your priority once you set up camp. It will provide you with warmth and a place to cook food. It takes time to gather up firewood, and it’s a priority to get it going as soon as possible. Even if you carry a lighter, make sure you also carry a Fire Strike (Flint and Steel) with you. Fire will also keep potential predators away from your camp. A Knife – General tool for survival, comes in handy when you need to split wood. A multi-tool – A swiss army knife is always a good choice. Provides a variety of tools. Flashlight – You may come in a situation where you will need a strong source of light. Prepare a good flashlight, and make sure you pack some spare batteries. First-aid kit – Better safe than sorry, after all, you are going to be far away from home, and the nearest hospital can be miles away, and if things go south, you need to have some means for treating the wounds. Physical Condition Hiking to extreme and nearly inaccessible locations requires a lot of preparation, both mental and physical strength. Start jogging moderate distances until you get a feel for your own tempo and breathing rhythm. Slowly increase the distance and the speed at which you run. Doing this will help build up your physical condition and confidence, but it will also help you learn how to manage your oxygen input, something that is necessary when hiking at higher altitudes where the air is thin and oxygen scarce.
Every occasion that can be turned green should be organized that way. As the ecosystem of the Earth is becoming even more fragile, turning from ruined to devastated, every individual has to take great care of his or her every step. Ecological way of thinking and behavior cannot be incidental, but has to become an effective and constant attitude in everyday situations. While every individual should follow the rules of separating different kinds of garbage for recycling and putting away garbage into different containers, companies have to have an even more serious approach. Since large businesses usually take a lot from the local community and the environment, they should have the awareness that their role is an extremely important once, similar to that of teachers in front of pupils. They should set an example and make ordinary people follow them. To start with, let's have a look at how corporate events can be organized in an eco-friendly way. Decrease expenses Many large companies organize different corporate events. Sometimes these events are annual dinners or cocktail parties for their partners. Some other occasions include companies' anniversaries or celebrations of particular business ventures. The collision of such events and ecology emerges when companies decide to rent huge halls or hotel lobbies to accommodate all the invitees. That usually leads to higher electricity expenditure and other sorts of waste of energy. What is more, many companies find the Christmas very convenient for such parties. But temperatures are usually low at that time, which increases the overall costs. Use facilities you already have Although CEOs of these companies might claim that they have budget surplus that can be used for financing all the features of such an event, it would be much smarter and responsible to use the facilities you already have. You can turn large halls inside your companies into beautiful celebration spots. Balloons and decorative lighting are some of the tools to make the space look nice and event-friendly. Furthermore, many companies have some lounge areas indoors and outdoors. You can only protect the food buffet with an event marquee and the rest of the area can be just equipped with chairs and tables and maybe an improvised little stage for the band. Instead of hiring a real electric band, you can go for an acoustic string quartet and save money in that part, as well. Weather as eco tool When organizing a corporate event, try to choose the period of year when the weather is nice and the part of the day when people can just stay a few hours longer after work. Organizing a corporate event on a sunny day, in the garden area of the company will cut the organization costs significantly. CEOs should also think about making the work day on which the event or party is taking place shorter so that employees do not have to come again to the office. Through such a decision, you will save fuel and time for your employees, which is again a benefit for the company, as well. By taking all the steps expressed in this text, you corporate event will be original, eco-friendly and company-supporting one. When everything stays inside the company, it means that the company takes care of its employees and its surroundings, as well.
People's World posted a article in BiodiversityFor some time, the bee population has been steadily declining worldwide, and this is most directly attributed to the negative impact of pesticides. Now, there's a lot of buzz around a recent study by Dutch researchers, which has found that the toxic chemicals we use are having a ripple effect farther up the food chain, causing insectivorous birds to rapidly decline in number. The study was the collaborative effort of researchers with the Radboud University Institute of Water and Wetland Research, the Dutch Center for Field Ornithology, and Birdlife Netherlands. In a joint statement, the researchers declared, "Neonicotinoid insecticides have adverse effects on non-target invertebrate species. Invertebrates constitute a substantial part of the diet of many bird species during the breeding season and are indispensible for raising offspring. In the Netherlands," for example, "local bird population trends were significantly more negative in areas with higher surface-water concentrations of imidacloprid," a type of pesticide. "At imidacloprid concentrations of more than 20 nanograms per liter, bird populations tended to decline by 3.5 percent on average, annually," they continued. The overall results of the study, they said, shows "that the impact of neonicotinoids on the natural environment is even more substantial than has recently been reported and is reminiscent of the effects of persistent pesticides in the past. Future legislation should take into account the potential cascading effects [of insecticides] on ecosystems." Neonicotinoids are interesting in that their origins lie with two corporations already strongly linked with outright for-profit environmental destruction: Royal Dutch Shell and Bayer. These insecticides, which are chemically similar to nicotine, were first developed and used in the 1980s by the Shell, and in the 1990s by the German chemical and pharmaceutical company. In 2009, on the specific neonicotinoid called imidacloprid that the Dutch researchers referenced, Bayer made a profit of over one billion alone, according to the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. There is, however, a loss occurring, albeit an ecological one, not a financial one. Such was the conclusion of the Task Force on Systemic Pesticides, which conducted another recent report on the matter. They explained, "Neonicotinoids persist for months and in some cases years, and environmental concentrations can build up. This effectively increases their toxicity by increasing the duration of exposure of non-target species. The effects of exposure [in wildlife] range from instant and lethal to chronic." Effects could include "altered feeding behavior and reduced food intake [in birds], reduced foraging in bees, and altered tunneling behavior in earthworms." Dr. David Gibbons, head of the Center for Conservation Science at the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, remarked, "This elegant and important study provides worrying evidence of negative impacts of neonicotinoid insecticides on birds. Usage of these pesticides has been particularly high in some parts of the Netherlands. Monitoring of pollution in soils and waterways is urgently required, as is further research into the effects of these insecticides on wildlife."