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  1. Decision makers at many conventional power and associated equipment vendor companies who rely on fossil fuels to generate public energy have started to recognize that green technologies aren't going away any time soon. They also understand that a lot of the technologies and business practices utilized by green energy suppliers produce energy in cost-efficient ways that can both protect the environment and generate revenues. As a result, they are incorporating green ideas into their business models. For example, these companies: Reuse Parts And Materials Instead of using entirely brand new parts, businesses like Solomon Corporation, a company that produces pole mounted transformers, create usable parts by rebuilding old ones and giving them a second life. These companies are also creating parts and equipment with a mix of unused raw and recycled materials. Invest In Byproduct Filtration These traditional power companies know that they can't continue to allow airborne byproducts to contaminate local environments. For example, they have invested in high-end filtration systems that reduce fine particulates in the air that occur when burning coal. They have also invested in a wide variety of systems that decrease the level of toxic emissions from coal-burning power generation that typically contain mercury, arsenic, nickel and acidic gases. Create Protected Wildlife Habitats Traditional energy generation decision makers have also seen how byproduct storage accidents can ruin local ecosystems. Instead of dealing with toxic spills and millions of dollars of combined fines and clean-up costs, they work diligently to make certain that multi-level contamination prevention measures exist. They also invest in environmental protection programs near their plants and set up small protected habitats near their corporate headquarters. Purchase Consumer Solar Energy Lastly, since solar power and whole home backup batteries can eventually remove homeowners completely off the public power grid, traditional energy providers have tried to find methods for retaining their customers that benefit everyone in the long run. One of these practices involves the purchase of the surplus solar energy generated by some home and business owners. Consumers who sell this energy enjoy a little extra cash or an electric utility bill credit each month. A conventional energy supplier or equipment vendor doesn't need to close its doors and shutter its windows to make way for green energy. It can still produce energy for the masses and transition into the modern age by mixing old ways with these surprising cleaner green technologies and practices.
  2. Environmentally friendly manufacturing methods are commonly referred to as green manufacturing. Developments in equipment and technology over the past several years have resulted in green manufacturing making sense financially in addition to showing respect for the environment. Respect for the environment can be shown in a number of ways including reduction of waste, prevention of pollution and energy savings. Energy Savings Saving energy shows respect for the environment because it means fewer natural resources are consumed. One way to save energy is to make sure the equipment is operating at peak performance levels. Engine dynamometers, while not traditionally thought of as an energy saving tool, can actually be beneficial in that realm. When used to help determine the motor size that is needed to drive a piece of equipment such as a pump, energy is not wasted because a motor that was larger than what was needed had been installed. A dynamometer could also help determine if the motor needs to be serviced. Professionals, like those at Power Test Inc., know that if the test results indicate the motor is not operating at peak performance, it is likely wasting energy. Not only does this mean it is costing more to operate, but it is adding more pollutants to the atmosphere. Waste Reduction The most effective way to reduce waste is to not generate it in the first place. Packaging material serves as a good example. With the use of returnable and reusable packaging, landfill waste is eliminated. Finding ways to reuse items that were formally discarded is also an effective tool used in green manufacturing. Things like specifying pallet sizes on which raw material is received in order to match the size pallets used internally or for shipping allows companies to reuse these pallets. It eliminates the need to throw these pallets away only to buy new ones for shipping. When the amount of material used cannot be reduced at the source or reused in the process, the next best thing is to recycle it. Again, packaging material provides a good example. Cardboard can be compacted and recycled. Things like stretch wrap and banding straps can easily be bailed. Some recycling companies will even install bailers and compactors on-site to aid in the process. Many of these items can actually bring in revenue when recycled. The bigger savings come, however, by not having to pay landfill charges for these items. While, with today's technology, green manufacturing makes for good business practices, it also helps a company's reputation in the community. This includes both the general public and the regulatory community.
  3. The manufacturing industry remains a topic when it comes to a lack of eco-consciousness. Its use of oil, coal, natural gas and toxic processes has labeled the industry a major contributor to waste, and air and water pollution. While other industries are lauded for implementing eco-friendly operations, manufacturing gets finger pointed for generating greenhouse gases and either depleting or harming natural resources. While it may be slow going, the industry is pushing for green initiatives. Improvement in waste management and clean production are on the drawing board of companies big and small. Here are some of the basic processes that they are looking at. Utilizing Alternative Energy Manufacturing companies are decreasing dependency on the traditional for electricity. Energy sources not harvested from eco-dangerous fossil fuels is a consideration throughout the industry. Alternative energy like wind, geothermal and solar are more affordable than ever, making them exceptional solutions for the bottom line. The reality is the complete elimination of fossil fuels may not be possible in the short term. Still, its implementation and the use of advanced tools like engine dynamometers will reduce energy consumption and play their part in minimizing carbon footprints. Professionals, like those at Power Test Inc., know that measuring power output can help reduce emissions in the long run. Most people in the manufacturing industry don’t realize this. Environmental Management Systems Environmental management systems are playing a significant role in reducing manufacturing's impact on ecosystems. Another upside is these systems are known to maximize operating efficiency. The systems use a framework that let management design and achieve goals by monitoring and reacting to inconsistency in company operations. Increased control enhances environmental performance. Management will be able to identify areas where going green makes the most sense. Inventory Management Many businesses have excess inventory in order to be prepared for anything. Stockpiles contribute to waste, especially as many products are overproduced to fill orders and, in turn, burn fossil fuels. Inventory management entails curtailing resources and having only what is necessary to complete tasks. Use and procurement control has to be a consideration. Repurpose and Recycle Along the lines of inventory management, manufacturing companies with over-extended supplies and excess resources can cut their carbon footprint by finding ways to recycle and reuse materials already in-house. They can initiate programs to recycle bottles, cans and plastic bags. They can compost paper and other rubbish, and repurpose crates and boxes. These operations would also save on the bottom line as the company would spend less to restock these supplies. With objectives like recycling, inventory and environmental management, and alternative energy on the agenda, the manufacturing industry is ready to challenge any question about its eco-friendliness.
  4. The key to living healthy starts with farming green. Organic farming is the most recent trend that has now become a billion-dollar industry. Millions of farmers are participating in new techniques that reduce the reliance on heavy machinery and toxic pesticides. If you are interested in green farming, know that this industry is new and growing fast. Learn about a few initiatives that have grown in this past decade. Organic Farming Organic farming is the boldest and most environmentally safe step farmers today have taken. This type of farming involves using few or no chemicals to plant crops and the fertilizers used are all natural without toxic or artificial ingredients. Many crops planted into the ground are eaten or put into skincare products. Organic farming has reduced the harmful effects associated with toxins and pest immunity. Farmers like organic methods because machinery is usually not involved and the instructions are easy to follow. Becoming organic means using the tools and materials that come from nature. No-Tillage Farming Soil is essential in any sustainable farming plan. No-till farming reduces the use of tilling to break up the soil which causes less damage, such as excessive drying and loss of nutrients. Instead of tilling the soil, farmers use herbicides to get rid of weeds. They engage in crop diversity to reduce the growth of weeds naturally. The use of heavy machinery is reduced, and the soil retains its natural state. Recycling Recycling is not a new technique but has increased in popularity over the years. In front of most suburban homes are recycling bins that were not found there a few decades ago. Most products nowadays are being reused and recycled. Glass, metal, and wood come in recycled versions that are exactly the same as the original ones. Green farmers are encouraged to buy recycled tools and most already use quality products like Accurate Products Inc. rubber grommets for their shipping and harvesting processes. Many of them recycle the materials used to produce crops. They build compost piles consisting of soil, leaves and rotting food and are used as natural fertilizers. In the past, green farming was an experimental approach to traditional farming. Few people knew about the idea or its practices. Today, it is an industry that is internationally practiced and regulated by governments it is important to know how farmers have reduced their effects on the environment.
  5. Coal mining has changed in many areas since the early days of commercial mining and certainly from the old boom town days of the late 1800’s. New technology and new philosophies make underground mining faster and easier than ever before. But there is a limit to how much coal is available for people to use for energy. The modern market for coal reflects these facts, and the processes used today make coal accessible and appropriate for the needs of modern society. Corrosion Resistant Metals Corrosion resistant metals will play a huge role in the future of the mining industry. Corrosion refers to the process by which metals are oxidized based on chemical reactions. Metals that resist corrosion are valuable for mining, and inside the depths of the mines, metals corrode easily over time due to all the elements that comprise the coal mines. These metals will allow workers to continue extracting coal for longer periods of time without having to replace their tools so often. Recently in Weir Minerals Africa, slurry valves were replaced with corrosion resistant valves and have benefited from less leakage and rapid wear. Proximity Detection Proximity detection technology allows mining companies to keep track of the resources and the people they work with at all times. When a person or object is in the path of a machine, an alert will go off inside the machine. This can save lives in addition to keeping the machine focused on the real targets of the operation. Proximity detection will save time and money, and has helped everyone stay safer inside the mines so far. Ceramic Mineral Processing Technology Ceramic mineral processing uses some of the newest technology to create dense ceramic components for machine parts. Companies like Ceramic Technology Inc. provide ceramic fabrications and mineral process equipment which now line mine processing machinery, reducing noise. This means the companies save time and money with improved, cleaner, and safer operations. And won’t have to use pressure machines like previous generations did. Coal mining has evolved tremendously over the years. The days of dangerous mining are now almost completely gone as miners are safer and better protected than ever with the new technology open to them. The work is now more efficient and the evolution of the mining industry has forever changed the way people participate in and view the collection of coal and other resources.
  6. It's lunch time. You drive your car and go to grocery store for preparing something delicious. You pick chicken and a pre-made salad. Have you noticed that such actions affect environment? How could it be possible? Let me explain. When you go by car, it releases carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Air gets polluted. The store that you went into, require light which is powered by coal and as you know that coal mining destroy our ecosystem. What about that salad? Its ingredients grown on farm using harmful pesticides and then washed into local streams poisoning the fish and aquatic plants. Water gets polluted. Even chicken transported by trucks that emits poisonous gas. A smallest action of human creates an environmental change. Think of a bigger picture. Humans are completely dependent on mother nature for survival. But, what you give back? Harmful chemicals that pollutes water, carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide such undesirable gases causing air pollution. We really need to think on this and stop some where. Have you ever wonder which is one of the main reason in determining the nature? Industrial pollution is the main cause. Earlier industries were limited and so they were less harmful to en vironment. But, with growing population several industries evolved on a large scale with massive production. This has depleted certain natural resources damaging the environment permanently. Best example is deforestation which is clearing of forest for sake of production. “ Grow More Trees” is our motto. Do you think we took this seriously? Just to increase production level, what are we doing? Cutting down the trees and cripple the system. Greed can lead to catastrophic accidents and eventually society has to suffer. Mainly primary industries has caused a massive damage to earth especially mining of coal. This has become one of the biggest issue today. Coal, one of the fossil fuel, is mined with an aim of producing electricity. Imagine a day without electricity. I remember a day when the light goes off just for an hour and I was like yelling and calling at electricity office. We really could not live without it. Not even an hour. Now, you might have come to know how coal is important and so its mining as well. But Wait! All good things come with something not acceptable. Have you ever think of how much damage is caused to surface of earth while mining coal? Let me list down all the drastic consequences that comes along with mining of it. 1. Emission of harmful gases deteriorates ambient air quality With an aim to extract coal from underground mines, mining operation is done. Such operation includes drilling, hauling, collection and transportation and this results into emission of harmful gases like methane, sulfur-dioxide, oxides of nitrogen and carbon monoxide . Just like other fossil fuels, combustion of coal produces CO2 affecting the green house effect. This even increase in global warming. This even has major impact like global warming. Don't you think such release of gases will pollute the air? Off-course Yes. Much more air quality deterioration is caused due to opencast mining in which mining operation is carried without any tunnel or shafts. Imagine how much destructive it will be? Such emission leads to serious health hazards with a rapid increase of respiratory disease such as chronic bronchitis and asthma. Really, we need to think on this otherwise the day is no far where we are left alone by nature. Within last few year production of coal is sky-rocketing. You can figure it out how the production of coal has been incresed in china in last few years. 2. Adverse impact to hydrological regime Process of mining, burning the coal and waste storage of coal pollutes the water. How? A flowing water comes into contact of coal mining activities that has exposed rocks. Such rocks contains pyrite, a sulphur bearing mineral. This mineral reacts with water forming sulphuric acid. Such runoff results into a metal rich water that is Acid mine drainage (AMD). How dreadful it would be to those aquatic plants and animals? And what about us? We too are affected as we drink that contaminated water. Other reasons that pollutes the water are erosion of mine benches , overloaded and reject dumps, failing dams and even during discharging of million litres of water itself. “Water is life” But, we have made it such that becomes dangerous to your life. How mean we are? 3. Enormous Land Disturbance Caused due to mining operation Mining operation goes through large scale excavation, creation of negligent land, removal of top soil, dumping of solid waste and cutting of roads. Usually, mine collapse in underground mining and land above it start to sink result into an interruption. News about such catastrophe is frequently heard. But, opencast mining is more destructive than underground mining. It scraps away earth and rock to get coal buried near the surface. It destroy landscapes, forest, wildlife, contaminates ground water and result into air and noise pollution. Such environmental affects are so profound that recovery of it is next to impossible. So, why we become so careless and constantly dig though it affects our environment. 4. Mining causes noise and vibration Do you like someone screaming? No Why? Because it is too unpleasant to our ears. Think of a blast or something weird sound at a high volume. How terrible it might be for our ears. Think of people living around the areas where mining activities takes place. Why? Because such mining operation produces lot of noise and vibration as well. Hundreds of tones of explosives blast in the mining area and this creates a massive noise pollution. Hearing loss of human ears is one of the major consequence of noise. Imagine how dreadful it might be? Beast in forest are more sensitive to such noise and so they are more affected than humans. Want to improve environmental sustainability in industries? There has been established many institutional bodies that offers diploma in Environmental Management. Many of them even offer excellent trainig and one of my friend has experienced best training of workplace environmental at Brisbane in Australia. Being a part of this wonderful nature, each and every individual is responsible for such destruction. Why we have become so greedy that we don't care of its frighting consequences. There is still time to save our nature otherwise it will be too late to sum up everything.
  7. The Ten Most Polluted Cities in the World

    The ranking is based on the data of Blacksmith Institute (an organization working against pollution and its damages) and Green Cross Switzerland. It's a sad chart and it shows how profit and personal interests can destroy the lives of many. AGBOGBLOSHIE, GHANA Agbogbloshie, in Accra, Ghana, is the second largest e-waste processing area in West Africa. E-waste, or electronic waste, is a broad term referring to a range of electronics. Heavy metals released in the burning process easily migrate into homes, food markets and other public areas. Samples taken around the perimeter of Agbogbloshie found a presence of lead levels as high as 18,125 ppm in soil. The standard for lead in soil is 400 ppm. A previous study confirmed that 40,000 people were at risk, now it's 250,000. CHERNOBYL, UKRAINE The worst nuclear disaster hit this city on the night of April 25, 1986 when testing in the Chernobyl power plant a massive meltdown of the reactor’s core releasing more than 100 times the radioactivity of the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Certain deaths in the incident, 65. The deaths for csncer years later, more than a million according to Greenpeace. The reactor was buried in a concrete casing designed to absorb radiation and contain the remaining fuel. However the structure was only intended to last no more than 30 years, this is the 28th since the disaster and thousands of people are at risk of cancer and leukemia. CITARUM RIVER, INDONESIA It covers an area of 13,000 square kilometers and it comes to contact with 9 million people. The river provides 80% of Giacarta water authority and supply more than 2,000 farms. Contaminants from both industrial and domestic sources are present in the Citarum River. Manganese and other heavy metals levels in the water are above the standards. Manganese in the water is four times higher than normal. DZERSHINSK, RUSSIA Throughout the Soviet period, Dzershinsk was one of Russia’s principle sites of chemical manufacturing, including chemical weapons. Between 1930 and 1998, an estimated 300,000 tons of chemical wastes were improperly landfilled in Dzershinsk and the surrounding areas. High concentrations of toxic phenol in the air has led to residents of Dzershinsk suffering from increased levels of diseases and cancers of the eyes, lungs, and kidneys. Life expectancy is really low: 47 years for women, 42 for men. The city has 245,000 residents, they are all at risk. HAZARIBAGH, BANGLADESH There are 270 tanneries in Bangladesh, 90% of them concentrated in Hazaribagh in 25 hectares of land. Together, the tanneries employ around 8,000 to 12,000 people. Every day, the tanneries collectively dump 22,000 cubic liters of toxic waste, including cancer-causing hexavalent chromium, into the Buriganga, Dhaka’s main river and a key water supply. The homes of tannery workers in Hazaribagh are built next to contaminated streams, ponds, and canals. 185,000 at risk. KABWE, ZAMBIA Kabwe, the second largest city in Zambia, is located about 150 kilometers north of the nation’s capital, Lusaka. In 1902, rich deposits of lead were discovered, leading mining and smelting operations to run almost continuously for over 90 years without the government adequately addressing the potential dangers of lead. Smelting was largely unregulated throughout the 20th century in Kabwe, and these smelters released heavy metals in the form of dust particles, which settled on the ground in the surrounding areas. The result was a total contamination and now the lead level in the blood of the children exceed the limit by ten times. KALIMANTAN, INDONESIA In the area Artisanal Small-scale Gold Mining (ASGM) forms the primary source of income for 43,000 people. The vast majority of ASGM miners globally utilize mercury in the gold extraction process. The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) estimates that more than 1,000 tons of mercury are released into the environment each year through this process, which constitutes about 30 percent of the anthropogenic mercury emissions. The quantity of mercury in the water is twice than normal Indonesian standard. MATANZA RIACHUELO, ARGENTINA The Matanza-Riachuelo River Basin is more than 60 kilometers long and houses a number of SME clusters, including chemical manufacturers. It is estimated that 15,000 industries are actively releasing effluent into the river, which cuts through 14 municipalities in Buenos Aires. Chemical manufacturers are responsible for more than a third of the pollution. The level of chromium in the soil is seven times higher than regular one. 12,000 are at serious risk of respiratory and diarrheal diseases and 80% of water samples taken weren't safe to drink. NIGER RIVER DELTA, NIGERIA Niger River Delta occupies 8% of total Nigeria land mass. Between1976and2001therewerenearly7,000 incidents involving oil spills where most of the oil was never recovered. As of 2012, some 2 million barrels (320,000 m3) of oil were being extracted from the delta every day. An average of 240,000 barrels of crude oil are spilled in the Niger delta every year due to mechanical failure, third party activity, and many unknown causes. Groundwater and soil are totally compromised. NORILSK, RUSSIA Norilsk is a mining city founded in 1935. Nearly 500 tons each of copper and nickel oxides and two million tons of sulfur dioxide are released annually into the air. Life expectancy for factory workers in Norilsk is 10 years below the Russian average. Children are especially vulnerable and become ill 1.5 times more frequently than children from surrounding districts. While investments have recently been made in reducing environmental emissions, the surrounding area remains seriously contaminated. 130,000 people at serious risk. To find out more: and In the photo Sector 4, Nuclear Power Plant of Chernobyl.