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Green Blog posted a article in Global WarmingA study, published earlier this month in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, has linked a severe drought that helped fuel the Syrian conflict to climate change. The drought was one of the worst in the country’s modern history and lasted from 2007 to 2010. The Syrian conflict has been ongoing since early 2011 when the regime violently attacked peaceful anti-government protesters. With no end in sight, the Syrian war has left more than 200,000 people dead and about 11 million people have been displaced from their homes. The UN refugee agency UNHCR says Syria is now "the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era". “Nobody really expected that we would reach this stage in which we will actually be having this national disaster in Syria,” Marwan Kabalan, a Syrian academic and analyst at Doha Institute, told Al Jazeera as the conflict entered its fifth year this past Sunday. “The heavy-handed approach that was used by the regime against the peaceful protesters was the main reason that this fairly peaceful revolution has turned into the sort of conflict that we are witnessing right now.” The 3-year long drought caused widespread crop failure and a mass migration of people to urban Syrian centres. This alongside of other factors – such as corruption, inequality, poor governance and unsustainable agricultural and environmental policies – “had a catalytic effect” and contributed to increased political unrest and, ultimately, civil war. Although the region normally experiences periodic dry spells, the study, which is based on meteorological data, determined that the extreme nature of the Syrian drought couldn’t be due to natural changes alone. The study’s authors linked the drought to century-long trends towards hotter and drier conditions in the region – which mirrored computer models of human influences on the climate system, i.e. increases in greenhouse-gas emissions causing climate change. Colin Kelley, a climatologist at the University of California and the study's lead author, told The New York Times that "a drought this severe was two to three times more likely" because of the increased pressure climate change has on the region’s aridity. Francesco Femia, founder and director of the Center for Climate and Security, said that the newly released study "builds on previous work" on the relation between conflicts and climate change. “While there is a very complex array of social, economic and political factors that drive conflict, the study reinforces the fact that climate change and natural resource mismanagement are problems that can exacerbate instability in a country, and potentially make conflict more likely.” “Given continued instability and a forecast of increased drying in the region, this issue should be better integrated into the international security agenda,” Femia said. The war in Syria has caused an unimaginable humanitarian crisis, and this new study adds more weight to the debate surrounding climate change and armed conflicts. Global warming is clearly already sparking unrest around the world.
Mark Piazzalunga posted a topic in Politics and Current EventsWhen I searched the definition for “war” I found this: “War is a social or politic event which consists in an armed conflict between two or more subjects. What is happening now in the Gaza Strip can’t be named a war, it’s more like an invasion and a slaughter of innocent people. People warned to leave their houses by a SMS before a missile attack, children murdered in the schools, this is the nightmare in the Gaza Strip. The invasion of Palestine should have been a “protection operation” against the terrorist group Hamas. It’s true, children can be dangerous. Especially if they’re injected with hate through towards Israel and Tel-Aviv government is achieving this target: being hated, not just by Gaza Strip but by a great part of the world. An Israeli air strike killed at least 10 people and wounded about 30 others today in a U.N.-run school in the southern Gaza Strip. What’s the reason? Were they hiding missiles in that school? A U.N. school? Even if there were missiles in there, couldn’t Israel army took them without killing ten people? Meanwhile Hamas delegation arrived in Cairo today to negotiate a ceasefire, which lasted 6 minutes, then Israel raids killed a children and wounded 30 people. Calling the murder of men, women and children a “protection operation” and collateral damages is cowardice and acts full of disguise. 1822 victims, Palestine officials says, a high price, for what? After this “war” there’s a second one on the social networks. Many supporters of Palestine who criticized the actions of Israel have been called anti-Semites. The worst reasoning someone could make. There are 5.7 million Jewish in Israel and 8 million in the whole country. There are 5 million Jewish in the U.S. and 400,000 in France. In the rest of the world there are more Jewish than Israel. Criticizing Israel and being called anti-Semite is like criticizing Italy and being called anti-Catholic. It doesn’t make any sense since there are also Muslims and Christian in Israel and I’m sure that a great part of Israel disguise the murder of women and children. There’ll be a time for trials, for assumptions of liability and for accusations but first of all, let’s stop this slaughter. Photo from WashingtonPost.com
On Thursday 17th of July a Malaysian airplane, flight MH17, was hit by a surface-to-air missile over the border between Ukraine and Russia, an unstable and dangerous area because of the war between Ukrainian army and the separatists supported by Russia. The plane crashe to the land, all the passengers of the plane (280) and the crue (15) died and leaving on the ground a horrible apocalypse of fire and metal. Because of the news international media focused again of the civil war in Ukraine and remembered people about the missing of flight MH370 altough the two events have no connections except the airlines company (which has just one fault) and connecting them now it's ridicolous. Malaysian airlines has one fault: that plane mustn't flied over a war territory. And it's not the only one company that continues to fly over countries in war and dangerous. The plane was flying at 10,000 meters which was authorized although the Ukrainian government had closed the airspace for lower altitudes. The shstem which hit the plane was a SA-17, both Ukraine and Russia armies have them but also separatists have some units as an AP journalist can testify. At least 154 people on the flight were Dutch citizens. There were also 43 Malaysians, including all 15 crew on board, 27 Australians, and 12 Indonesians. Other nationalities so far identified were six passengers from the United Kingdom, four from Germany, four Belgians, three from the Philippines and one Canadian. There are still 47 dead whose nationality has not yet been confirmed. There was also a Italo-Dutch citizen. Both nations, Russia and USA (who else?) exploded accusing the other one of the disaster of the plane. The act seems not to be a terrorist attack but a mistake of one part in the conflict. According to the Times the separatists shot accidentally to the plane since the missing of a radar able to recognize the target. President Obama said the separatists are military supported by Russian Federation constantly and that U.S. have the proofs from satellite images. This civil, useless, bloody war caused this. No doubts. We're in the XXI century and if a part of a country demands independence they have to start a war. And the most unbelievable fact is that Ukraine let the planes fly over a war zone. In fact 40 kilometers behind flight MH17 there was another plane. The explanation: apparently the route is cheaper. It's always money. This world won't progress if money is more important that the lives of thousands of people who risk to be killed without even knowing that. There are many unbelievable facts about this tragedy, the last is that the area of the crash is full of separatists soldiers and the international observers stayed on the site for only 75 minutes. The black boxes are in Moscow and we probably never know what happened on that plane. Unfortunately there are people who make jokes about the death of the passengers. A civilization course would be a good thing for them but first for who started the war and who shot to the plane, who cares if it was an accident, that missile shouldn't be used (and built).
Mark Piazzalunga posted a blog entry in The Ecologist SquareWhat is ISIL? It stands for Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant, also called Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. It's an unrecognized state established in 2004 by different Islamist religious groups, including Al-Qaeda in Iraq, professing Sunni Islam. It's still operative, actually more than ever, and they are intentioned to occupy the entire territory of Levant arriving to Lebanon. The military group of this state is composed by some tens of thousands of men and on 6 June attacked Mosul from the northwest and quickly entered the western part of the city. On the night of 9 June, Iraqi Army soldiers fled the city as it was under attack, with the militants in control of much of Mosul by midday on 10 June. The militants claimed to have released at least 2,400 prisoners, after seizing police stations and prisons across the city. “This can’t be looked at as anything other than a comprehensive failure by the Iraqi army,” Crispin Hawes, managing director of the research firm Teneo Intelligence in London, said in a phone interview. “If the army can’t protect Mosul, how are they going to protect other cities?” he said. “Moving southward would be the logical thing to do for ISIL.” A total failure, the Iraqi army can count on 300,000 soldiers and left the city by itself and so all the people who lived in it. Right now a half million people is leaving the city because of the attack of ISIL. More bad news for the entire world: the largest refinery of Iraq (second producer of oil in the OPEC), Baiji, were attacked and occupied by ISIL. Output at the 310,000 barrel a day plant stopped after militants seized the facility overnight, according to a police statement today. The advance of ISIL fighters has rattled oil futures and markets in both Iraq and Turkey. Brent crude oil rose to the highest since the start of March. This is the most important challenge for U.S. since President Obama stated many times that the war in Iraq is over but he recently added that something must be done. He considered the possibility to send drones and airstrikes to weaken the defenses of ISIL and let the Iraqi army to do the rest. But why the Iraqi army failed? Why 300,000 soldiers couldn't stop 10,000 men of ISIL? Will Iraqi army now regain all the cities? Apparently the army wasn't well organized and ISIL offensive was unexpected and mlre violent than they thought. According to the International Business Times ISIL loot $429 million from Mosul Central Bank becoming the richest group in the world. It's hard to say if Iraqi army will regain the cities, everything will depend on the decisions of the U.S. President. An eight years war ended three years ago and now another one is going to start. The economy of many countries depends on Iraq and its refineries so the interests of U.S. in the area are high and if the situation doesn't get better the will certainly send drones and airstrikes, like Lybia three years ago. Final question: how can we obtain a long-term stability in this area of the world? Sending armies and drones represents a temporary solution but can the people who live in these countries know what peace means for more than some years? The cause isn't oil but what we, occidental countries, made of it. It became a target, a goal to reach, at any cost. The invasions that came after are the proofs. In the photo, Associated Press, ISIL fighters in Syria. References from Bloomberg.