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  1. Saving Water with Responsible Irrigation

    Saving water and using it efficiently has been a concern for centuries. Even the Roman Empire made use of aqueducts to channel and manage their urban water usage. Now we have places like Cape Town facing severe water shortages which severely affect both the home user and the agricultural sector. Without water, we cannot produce crops, and the economy suffers. That is why we need to start implementing smart, responsible irrigation systems. Stop watering in the rain! Why would you want to use irrigated water, which you need to pay for, when the heavens are about to open up onto your land for free? It may seem like a small amount of water in the grand scheme of things, but all that water you wasted could have gone to a household or farm in greater need. That is why farming irrigation suppliers now have rain sensors that can be installed in automated irrigation systems to ensure that your systems stay shut off while it is raining. Irrigation suppliers can also help you get a hold of electronic systems capable of testing the moisture levels in your soil. In this way, if your moisture levels are high enough but it’s not raining, your irrigation systems will remain responsibly quiet, only watering exactly when needed. Invest in leak detection systems Leaks are an obvious waste of water, and they often crop up through no fault on anybody’s part. However, even if you are not causing these leaks you need to make sure you are aware of them when they do occur, as a responsible citizen. Another great device that farming irrigation suppliers have available for both home and agricultural users is a leak detection system. There are numerous variations of these devices, and so a little research is in order to make sure you get the right one, but the basic function is obvious: find any and all leaks to be patched. By identifying leaks with these systems and regular manual checks you can make sure that you curb any surprise water wastage in a timely fashion. If you are doing manual checks, look for either dry spots or overly wet spots. If there is too much water somewhere, or too little, it is a clear indication that your irrigation system isn’t flowing like it should. Consider upgrading your irrigation system Another great way to assist in saving water is by making sure you have an up-to-date irrigation system. This may sound a little strange, but as any farming irrigation supplier will tell you the latest systems are always designed to improve efficiency and ecological impact. Otherwise there wouldn’t be much point in coming up with advancements that aren’t really any better than the old systems. Speak to a reliable irrigation supplier about systems such as drip irrigation, green wall irrigation and mist pipes. These systems have all proven to be effective in using water more efficiently, especially in smaller-scale fruit farming – a sector which is taking a major knock around the Cape Town area. Doing your part can be as simple as just having the right equipment. So let’s all do our part!
  2. How do you treat wastewater?

    The living is our environment we must learn to keep it clean and since we take a lot from this environment we owe that much to it to keep it clean as much as it is possible for us. We have damaged our environment in a lot of ways but we still can save it by recycling our natural resources like water air etc. the wastewater treatment is the most common and the easiest one way to restore our environmental resources like water. This wastewater treatment also helps us to avoid all the water-borne diseases because the wastewater containing all the harmful materials and the microorganisms gets mixed in the drinking water and thus causing the diseases. Water treatment services WTS (water treatment services) is one of the most popular names when it comes to the wastewater treatment. They are definitely the expert in the industrial wastewater treatment and they also offer the expertise in the evaluation of the industrial wastewater and also help in the management of the industrial wastewater. They without any doubt are the best ones. They offer the cost-effective industrial wastewater treatment. The other services offered by them are the process design, plant, equipment, chemical treatments and the management of the sludge and in the end the recycling of the water and reuse of the reuse of the solutions etc. so all these matters in the wastewater treatment are handled by the WTS. Wastewater treatment Following are some more aspects of the wastewater treatment handles by the WTS that you may need to know. · Industrial wastewater and the effluent solution is dealt by the WTS and they provide the wastewater treatment for the industrial and the commercial purposes. · The expert's advice on the compliance and the discharge consents for the wastewater treatment. The consent of the wastewater treatment is necessary and without it, no one can perform the wastewater treatment process and if they do it would be illegal. · Process optimization and the evaluation of the whole process of the wastewater treatment and also the design solutions if required after evaluation. · The effluent treatment plant and the equipment required for that treatment. · Chemical treatment chemical wastewater treatment for the removal of the impurities chemically and the biological treatment for the same purpose as well. The chemicals may also be used to kill the microorganisms that can cause disease from the water and make the water as safe as possible for the use of the people. · The sludge management to make the process cost-effective and less time-consuming. I can also help remove the complications in between the process. The sludge management should be the part of every wastewater treatment plan. · Environment-friendly processes are always appreciated when it comes to the wastewater treatment to make sure we are not polluting the environment again for the sake of cleaning it. And eco-friendly wastewater treatment is what WTS is best for. · Even though it seems like the wastewater treatment requires a lot of energy but still, it is made sure to spend as less energy as we can for the wastewater treatment so we know we are not using the extra resources in the process of cleaning one. O this is exactly how the WTS does the wastewater treatment and thus plays the major role in the production of the clean water for use.
  3. The Permaculture and natural building courses are enabling the people to get out of the trap of collecting a huge amount of money. This makes the food security system better because this enables everyone to grow the food on their own. The youngsters are motivated to grow plants and crops for enabling a better farming business with new farming techniques. This is better for the economic growth of a family and this enables the people to enjoy the farming methods. · The students are made to learn to observe the soil and climate in order to grow the better quality of plants and crops. · After the observation process, the students are told to decide the best crop which can create more food and money. · The students learn about the different crops and the soil needed for them to grow. · The interaction takes place between the teachers and the students so that the students will be able to enjoy the farming techniques. · Every student is noticed while doing the educational courses at Raktmachat. · The students are told not to create any kind of waste in the production of the various crops. · The students learn the importance of fencing because it makes the animal stay away from the farm. Why is the permaculture useful? We currently have that has the potential to be beyond sustainable. Permaculture is sustainable because the energy required in establishing the system is less than the energy extracted from the system over its lifetime. This will save the energy for the future generation and it allows creating more employment in the farming sector. The people get aware of the fact that farming can’t be considered as a way to waste time but it is the best way to earn money along with enjoying life.
  4. Self-storage is undoubtedly a unique kind of asset. It’s popular for giving high yields and is potentially resistant to recession. Although the industry is still young, self-storage is continually expanding. From 2014 to 2016, there are more than 54,000 storage facilities throughout the United States. This is according to a study conducted by IBISWorld. If you are planning to invest in self-storage, fret not because these tips will help out: Analyze the cash flow. According to Chris Sonne, the executive managing editor of the famous Self Storage Industry Group, Cushman and Wakefield, self-storage depends heavily on cash flow. Thus, it’s crucial that your investment decision is based on how much you’re earning. Examine the sprawling years of cash flow. After that, compare it with your current rent roll. It is significant to find a pattern. Can you see a declining or a rising cash flow? If your income is declining, what do you think is the main reason? Your answer could be a sign that you need to be more careful. When your income has been increasing quickly, it could be a sign that you have to be more aggressive in terms of pricing. Evaluate the economic occupancy. Compared to other property types, self-storage facilities set a gap a between economic occupancy and physical occupancy. Usually, the physical occupancy of a specific facility is roughly 85%. However, if the owner is offering deep deductions on rents, that economic occupancy might be around 60% of the entire gross income. It’s a distinction which can greatly impact loan underwriting. Consider the trade area. Even in an oversupplied market, you can still earn more money when you purchase it at the right cost. Make a smart decision by calculating the value of self-storage in the current market and how much it will cost in the next years. Seek a professional help. If you want to ditch going through the hassles, then find a seasoned self-storage consultant or broker who can assist in exploring the market. Nothing beats a solid experience when it comes to brokerage industry. Let him guide you throughout your purchasing journey. To start with, get in touch with pros who know everything about building self-storage facilities. Know more about them through visiting http://www.hollywoodstoragecenter.com/. Create a network. Prior to purchasing your first facility, it would help you a lot if you try to attend gatherings or trade shows. From these events, you can collect lots of resources. Apart from that, they will reveal the latest status of the industry. Determine your financing options. Always understand all your financing options. Ensure that your chosen package aligns with the strategy you’ve created in managing your asset. The Bottom Line Making money from self-storage is possible especially if you’ve found a great deal. However, purchasing a space is not enough. You must learn about the trade and make smart financing decisions. You have to prepare yourself for the changes that may affect the entire real estate investment industry.
  5. Buying a new air conditioning system can be a major investment, but sometimes a necessary one. The average lifespan of an air conditioning system is around ten years, more if you’ve had a licensed company perform regular maintenance on your AC. The air conditioning system should provide optimal comfort within the required energy-efficiency levels. The air conditioner should maintain desired humidity levels during the hot summer days, but still, lower the temperature to provide comfort. Even if you had your furnace maintained and repaired by expert technicians, after a certain time it stops functioning efficiently and repairs are more costly than replacement. In this article, we list a couple of signs that might indicate your air conditioning system is ready to be replaced. How Long Have You Had It? On average, an AC system can last anywhere between ten to fifteen years. If your AC is soon to turn ten and starts showing signs of malfunctioning, you should probably replace it instead of investing in extensive repairs over and over. If your average monthly air conditioning costs are more than average in your neighborhood, it might not operate as efficiently. Older models are also less eco-friendly as they use an outdated R22 refrigerant. Adapting the old system to meet the new industry standards can be difficult and expensive, and getting a replacement AC system makes more sense. It Produces a Lot of Dust and Noise If you notice more dust around the home and replacing the filter in the AC system does not do the trick, you might be dealing with a leaky ductwork. These leaks reduce your AC system’s efficiency and increase the costs of running it. If the system also produces a lot of noise, your AC system might not be large enough to effectively cool your home. The Costs are Getting Ridiculously High If the costs of running the Air Conditioner are getting too high and you’re using it as you always have, this indicates the system has lost its efficiency. Another thing you should look at is how expensive repairing the constant issues with your AC system is getting and how often you have to call an air conditioning repairmen to solve those issues. Humidity and Cooling The air conditioning unit should manage the desired humidity levels to ensure your comfort. When the AC system is at its optimal efficiency the temperature is even throughout your home. But if the AC system cannot keep the desired humidity and cooling levels your equipment might be faulty or there might be something wrong with the ductwork. The amount of money needed to repair those issues can be high, and sometimes replacing your air conditioner makes much more sense, especially if it’s nearing its lifespan.
  6. Kids should learn about the benefits of recycling as soon as possible. Teaching children the importance of reusing old materials will not only reduce the waste in your household, it can have a positive impact on the environment if more kids learn the value of this habit early in their lives. But recycling is not always fun. If kids see recycling as a chore, they will probably not feel too keen on it. In this article, we’ll give you a couple of ideas you can use to make recycling more fun for your kids. Performing a Waste Audit Can Be Fun The key to teaching kids how to recycle is trying to make it into a game. Even something as inherently gross as waste audit can be fun with a little creativity. A waste audit involves collecting all the waste you’ve made in your home during the last week. That includes different types of boxes, papers, candy wrappers and even food waste, although you might want to consider storing food waste in a closed container as it will start to decompose and smell. Now, try to make a game out of the audit. Make sure there’s an award waiting for the family member who made the least trash (and make sure it’s your kid). Or make a contest that involves sorting out the trash in the appropriate recycling containers. Help your kids learn how they can minimize their impact on the environment and the total amount of waste by not using plastic bags or throwing away paper they only started drawing on. Then host another contest to see how much they’ve learned. Reuse the Waste Creatively Probably the most fun kids can have with recycling comes from reusing material like used cardboard boxes to craft new toys, costumes and more. Creativity is the only limit here. You can use old boxes to make a robot costume, a playhouse, a dollhouse and so much more. You can use old t-shirts to make costumes, newspaper to make balls and more. These projects will be fun for kids of all ages. Plan a Fieldtrip Most local communities have a recycling center that organizes tours. You can take your children to see what happens to all the recycled waste and learn more about how their contribution matters. They will gain new insight on how much waste your local community produces, which will hopefully serve as additional motivation for their recycling efforts. If not, you can always promise to take them to their favorite pizza place after the tour. Place Visible Recycling Areas Kids are very visual by nature. If you want to ensure they recycle their waste, make sure to put visible recycling areas. Use bright-colored bins for every type of waste you’re recycling. You can even go one step further and decorate the recycling bins, with the help of your children of course. This will help your youngest children differentiate between plastic, paper, cans and other materials.
  7. In life, many a times, unanticipated things might happen which can leave you in dire need of cash. The harsh reality of the financial state of the Americans is more than 65% of them don’t even have one thousand dollar saved in their savings account with which they can suddenly deal with an unpredicted expense. This is when such people can turn to vehicle title loans due to the fact that you can get immediate access to cash in lieu of your car title with a promise to repay the loan in a systematic and timely manner. There are few essential points you should know before you obtain a clean vehicle title loan. So, if you’re looking for a vehicle title loan, here are few things that you need to keep in mind. Check them out. #1: You can get a car title loan even with poor credit The amount of money that can be offered by a vehicle title loan provider will be solely based on the current condition and appraised value of your car. Even when you don’t have a good credit score, it will still be easy for you to obtain the loan amount. All you require doing is handing over the title of the car and you will get your money within few minutes. If you can repay the loan on time, you would have nothing to worry about. #2: Car title loans are same day loans You may not be aware of this but the best part about getting vehicle title loans is that the moment you walk in to the lender’s room to ask for the loan, you will be walking out with the loan proceeds on the same day. Therefore, the cash gives you instant ability to deal with any unforeseen emergency in your life. #3: Ensure you have an option of paying back the money This is applicable with any kind of loan. Whenever you take out a loan, you should have a clear idea of how you’re going to repay the amount. Never should you take out a loan which you’re unsure about repaying as this can tarnish your credit score and leave a poor impact on your future borrowings. Speak with the representatives of the lending institution to clear all doubts. #4: You can get a big amount of money through a title loan By now, you must be sure about the fact that you can get between $2510 and $50,000 through your car title loan and hence they’re great for the expenses that are totally unplanned. The amount of loan you get will be directly proportional to the value of the vehicle. Hence the more is the worth of your car, the bigger will be the amount of loan. So, if you seem to be stuck in a bind and you are not sure about who can help you with some funds, opt for a car title loan to help you through your way. Just be sure about your repayment ability before taking out the loan.
  8. Carbon Fiber's Difficult Recycling Problem

    Carbon fiber is one of the hottest products in manufacturing and fabrication. To hear some tell it, carbon fiber is an all-in-one miracle material that can replace everything from steel to aluminum to concrete. The composites industry talks up carbon fiber to such a degree that it's easy to believe there's nothing negative about the space-age composite. Yet carbon fiber does pose a significant problem we are now just beginning to talk about: a lack of recycling. Carbon fiber recycling has eluded the composites industry for decades. The problem is rooted in the fact that carbon fiber materials cannot simply be melted down and repurposed like aluminum and steel. They cannot be put in a chemical bath like paper. They cannot be ground down and reconstituted into a new product in the same way scrap timber can be used to make low-density fiberboard (LDF). Rock West Composites, a Utah company that specializes in composite materials, explains that the thing that holds carbon fibers together is an epoxy resin that binds to the fibers to create an extra strong polymer. Once that resin cures, it is nearly impossible to break the bonds through any simple means. Thus, recycling carbon fiber in a way that results in a usable material is not easy. Current Recycling Processes For the record, recycling carbon fiber is by no means impossible. There are a limited number of companies already doing it. But the only viable processing method developed thus far is one that burns away the resin to free up the carbon fibers embedded within. This is a workable solution, albeit not an ideal one. New carbon fiber consists of long, perfectly aligned strands of carbon that can be spun into threads to create all sorts of materials ranging from tubes to sheets. In fact, the strength of carbon fiber as a composite material rests in these long, perfectly aligned strands. Burning off resin results in shorter strands that are not as precisely aligned. Thus, recycled carbon fiber is significantly weaker. This isn't necessarily a problem inasmuch as recycled carbon fiber can be used to make things like tennis rackets, where maximum strength isn't required. But recycled carbon fiber cannot be used for things like car bodies, airplane fuselage panels, and boat hulls. The other problem with recycled carbon fiber is that it is not necessarily any better than other cheap materials with similar tensile strengths. That means there is no incentive for companies to choose recycled carbon fiber over other options. A Solution in the Works It has been suggested that the recycling problem inherent to carbon fiber is one of the things preventing greater penetration of the automotive market. We do know that carbon fiber is too costly for auto makers to use on a grand scale, and it is believed that a lack of cost-effective recycling is one factor keeping prices high. Improving our recycling efforts in order to produce a material that is as strong as new carbon fiber would bring prices down dramatically. Fortunately, the solution appears to be in the works. According to a March 2017 article published by The Guardian, researchers in England may have come up with a process for realigning recycled fibers to create longer, tighter fibers that are strong enough for automotive manufacturing. Let's hope they can make it work. Carbon fiber is definitely a worthwhile material for manufacturing and fabricating. The recycling problem seems to be its only weakness at this point. Solve that problem and we pave the way to using carbon fiber and other composites in new and innovative ways.
  9. Green energy quick loans

    Green energy products come cheaper. If you want to install environment friendly equipments, you may go for Payday loans. You might need to install solar panels on your roofs to reduce your electricity bills or you can use solar energy powered vehicles. You can help in saving environment in a lot of ways. You can also get small power system involved in your houses if you have enough windblown in your area, you don’t need to pay monthly electric bills. Or you can get it installed in your farms for water pumping. There are many ways in which you can reduce your monthly expenditure and save environment. Benefits to environment: You can also purchase electric powered vehicle from the money you get from payday loans, you can help in reduction of pollution. Or you can take loan to turn your garden green again. You can get irrigation system installed in your garden, you can also get green landscaping done in the outside of your garden. You can get to live in fresh air that way. If you are a farmer or your house is situated near a river you can use hydroelectric system for getting power in your house. Payday loan: A pay day loan is short term loan. You can get it very easily and in quick time. You don’t get involved in lengthy procedures as in banks. You can get short amount of money for a shorter time period generally for one month duration. You have to provide a check in advance to the borrowers that they could cash at your next payday. You can get loan within 2 or 3 hours of applying loan. You don’t have to submit any collateral for this type of loan. The lenders also don’t check your past credit statements. Get it quick: The lenders will provide you with all the rates upfront. After considering you have to pay some fees to get the instant cash. You can easily fulfill your needs and repay the loan in time. You can purchase electric vehicles or get an alternate electric system installed at your house. Find the best lender: You can also get this loan online easily with simple procedures to follow. You can also get to repay the loan in installments also if you are not able to pay entirely at a time. You must choose an FCA approved authorized lender to borrow the payday money.
  10. With the ever increasing effects of climate change, extreme draughts and economic struggles globally, farmers are in need of ways to turn a profit in cases where their produce fails. At the same time, the environment needs help to regain stability. With AgriFood and its range of advanced farming suppliers there are great modern energy solutions that can help both farms and benefit the environment! Solar Farms In many areas, especially those listed in SA farming directories, farms are being reduced to wide stretches of dry, sun-baked fields. Notably in areas experiencing severe draught these farmers are finding themselves less and less able to use their land for planting, and so more of it lies dry and unused, which is a financial drain that has no benefits. These large, empty fields are the perfect locations for photovoltaic power stations (also known as solar parks/farms). These are large scale photovoltaic (solar power) systems where an array of solar modules are installed to catch and convert large amounts of sunlight directly into electrical energy. There are many different requirements and designs available, but with reliable farming suppliers and specialists a farmer with large stretches of land needing to be repurposed can make very good use of this source of clean energy. As a practical example from South Africa, there is a solar farm producing energy to assist the country’s power grid. Amongst the various statistics that can be found on their website, they state that they have managed to supply Eskom with 85 458 MWh per year. If more farms were to utilise their extra field space in this way, it could go a long way to providing clean energy for many people. Wind Farms Wind farms, like solar farms, are a means for turning large areas of unused land into sites that produce clean, green energy. These wind farms make use of large wind turbines that look like propellers mounted on tall poles. These propellers are driven by the wind to turn, and this turning in turn drives the turbine, which converts the kinetic energy into electrical energy. There are many different designs for these wind turbines, with the propeller-like ones being the most common. Aside from these different designs being better for different settings, it is also important to make sure that your farm’s location is actually suitable for generating power from wind. Farmers have been inventing ways to help themselves and those they supply their produce to for centuries, and with these green energy initiatives they can keep on doing just that. Find a list of farming suppliers and other relevant and knowledgeable specialists on a reliable SA farming directory and see how you can use your land to make a difference.
  11. The world’s need for energy supply is increasing, and fortunately there is a lot of dedication towards the development of renewable energy. In this context, Norway is often referred to as being Europe’s battery. But what exactly does this mean? Agva Kraft is buying guarantees of origin for all energy the company sells. This allows for more money to flow towards producers of renewable energy, which in turn makes it more attractive for businesses to set up new renewable based power generation. Combined with carbon taxes and carbon credits, these are all important measures for the market to take when contributing to solving energy and environmental problems. According to Bjørn Arctander, the Marketing Director of Agva Kraft, fossil power is being replaced by solar and wind energy all over Europe. Our hope is for expansion to take place at such a rapid pace that the highly pollutive coal power sector becomes unprofitable and obsolete’. Wind and solar energy are naturally dependant on respectively the wind and sun. And what if the wind is not blowing simultaneously as the sky is overcast? ’This is where power storage comes into play’, says Arctander. ’The development of battery systems in industries and households are rapidly being implemented, and we will probably find more and more technical solutions for these as we move forward. The huge water reservoirs we find in Norway, among other places, are where you will find the largest capacity for storing energy, as they more or less act like natural ’batteries’. Hydropower is extremely flexible as production can quickly be turned on and off as long as there is water in the reservoirs. Under normal circumstances you can visualize all of Euope, including Norway, being powered by wind and solar power’. In Norway, solar power is also paying off, especially during the summer as we have plenty of hours of sun’, says Arctander. When this natural resource is no longer is avalable during the winter, northern coutries such as Norway and Sweden, as well as Switzerland can tap into energy stored in their reservoirs. That way we have renewable energy at all times from resources like wind, sun and water. A system as described above is reliant on efficient power exchanges through powerlines between markets. According to Arctander, ’this could lead to more expensive electricity, but we have to remember that Norway as a huge power generator will benefit from this in the long run’. Bjørn Arctander in Agva Kraft finishes off by saying, ’After all, we would never consider shutting down the possibility of transporting oil out of the country in order to keep lower gas prices at home, or to drop exporting fish altogether to acheive lower salmon prices on our store shelves.’ Read more about the green energy, how Norway potentially can transform the energy market in Europe and other energy initiatives of Agva Kraft on the Agva blog or the Agva website.
  12. Investment in the renewables market is growing worldwide as the long-term opportunities presented by the sector continue to be fully recognised. The Global Trends in Renewable Energy Report 2016 produced by Frankfurt School of Finance & Management, reveals that renewable energy set a record for investment and new capacity added in 2015. Investments reached nearly $286 billion and for the first time, more than fifty percent of all power generation capacity added was from renewables. Many energy companies are themselves starting to shift away from fossil fuels and towards renewable technologies, such as solar, wind and even tidal power. Alongside this, governments across the world are taking steps to encourage, incentivise - and in some instances force - a switch to renewable energy generation, cementing a clear pathway for the ongoing growth of the sector. The UK renewables market The UK has consistently ranked among the top countries globally for new investment in renewables, according to EY’s attractiveness index. While it may have been a slightly slow burn in the beginning, interest continues to prove strong and is on track to increase over the coming decade. This will in part be due to new innovations being made, prices continuing to drop and targets such as those pledged under the Paris climate change agreement, being extended and actioned. All of these factors are likely to contribute towards making the sector a viable long-term proposition for investors. So, what type of investment opportunities are there? Contracts for Difference (CfD) In the UK, renewable energy investments are available via several different vehicles, such as renewable investment funds and trusts, and corporate bond portfolios that support renewable projects. One key area of interest is the government’s Contracts for Difference (CFD) initiative. A Contract for Difference (CFD) is a legally binding contract formed between a low carbon electricity generator and the government (through one of its agencies). The aim of the scheme is to incentivise investment in new low-carbon electricity generation in the UK. All eligible generators can take part in an CFD auction, with the aim of securing a contract for their renewable project. The first of these auctions was concluded in 2015 and saw contracts worth £315m awarded to 27 schemes, with a total capacity of 2.1 gigawatts. The second auction closed in April 2017, with 11 winning projects totalling more than 3,3GW of renewable energy projects and worth up to £176 million per year. This round focused far more on “less established” technologies, such as offshore wind, wave and tidal energy. The benefit of CFDs for energy investors The key benefit of the CFD scheme for investors is the stability of the revenue stream on offer. Generators will secure payment at a pre-agreed level, called a ‘strike price’. Generators are still exposed to the wholesale market, but if wholesale prices drop below the agreed Strike Price, top up payments are added to bring it up to the value of the Strike Price. As well as creating a stable revenue stream, the Strike Price rises with inflation, so the returns also increase a little each year. Recommendations While the results of any investment are never guaranteed, the UK renewables market continues to present an exciting opportunity for energy investors. Great strides forwards are beginning to be made and as the sector moves from being an emerging field to a better established market place, it’s an area worthy of consideration.
  13. Investment in the renewables marketis growing worldwide as the long-term opportunities presented by the sector continue to be fully recognised. The Global Trends in Renewable Energy Report 2016 produced by Frankfurt School of Finance & Management, reveals that renewable energy set a record for investmentand new capacity added in 2015. Investments reached nearly $286 billion and for the first time, more than fifty percent of all power generation capacity added was from renewables. Many energy companies are themselves starting to shift away from fossil fuels and towards renewable technologies, such as solar, wind and even tidal power.Alongside this, governments across the world are taking steps to encourage, incentivise - and in some instances force - a switch to renewable energy generation, cementing a clear pathway for the ongoing growth of the sector. The UK renewables market The UK has consistently ranked among the top countries globally for new investment in renewables, according to EY’s attractiveness index. While it may have been a slightly slow burn in the beginning, interest continues to prove strong and ison track to increase over the coming decade. This will in part be due to newinnovationsbeing made, prices continuing to drop and targets such as thosepledged under the Paris climate change agreement,beingextended and actioned. All of these factors are likely to contribute towards making the sector a viablelong-term proposition forinvestors. So, what type of investment opportunities are there? Contracts for Difference (CfD) In the UK, renewable energy investments are available viaseveraldifferent vehicles, such as renewable investment funds and trusts, and corporate bond portfolios that support renewable projects. One key area of interest is the government’s Contracts for Difference (CFD) initiative. A Contract for Difference (CFD) is a legally binding contract formed between a low carbon electricity generator and the government (through one of its agencies).The aim of the scheme is to incentivise investment in new low-carbon electricity generation in the UK. All eligible generators can take part in an CFDauction,with the aim of securing a contract for their renewable project.The first of these auctions was concluded in 2015 and saw contracts worth £315m awarded to 27 schemes, with a total capacity of 2.1 gigawatts. The second auction closed in April 2017, with 11winning projects totalling more than 3,3GW of renewable energy projects and worth up to £176 million per year. This round focused far more on“less established” technologies, such as offshore wind, wave and tidal energy. The benefit of CFDs for energy investors The key benefit of theCFD scheme for investors is the stability of the revenue stream on offer. Generators willsecurepayment at a pre-agreed level, called a ‘strike price’. Generators are still exposed to the wholesale market, but if wholesale prices drop below the agreed Strike Price, top up payments are added to bring it up to the value of the Strike Price. As well as creating a stable revenue stream, the Strike Price rises with inflation, so the returns also increase a little each year. Recommendations While the results of any investment are never guaranteed, the UK renewables market continues to present an exciting opportunity for energy investors. Great strides forwards are beginning to be made and as the sector moves from being an emerging field to a better established market place, it’s an area worthy of consideration.
  14. Eco-friendliness of heat pumps

    You must probably have heard some opinions about eco-friendliness of air source heat pumps. But let’s dive into numbers to see the foundation of these assertions. Firstly, consider the Coefficient of Performance (COP) of any heat pump. To put it simply, how does it work and how effectively. Any heat pump extracts some part of heat from outdoors and puts it where it is needed – inside your house. The same goes for cooling the apartment, not only heating it – just switch the system to work in reverse. Anyway, to put things together, it takes 1 kW of energy from your 220 outlet and brings from 2 kW to 4 (and sometimes even 5) kW inside as a portion of heat/cold. It makes COP equal to 200%-400%. For calculations, let’s take 300% as an average though it is low (losses due to uneven temperatures during the ear, heat is lost during transportation, one may have various heat pumps and so on). The effectiveness of one in your home depends on a type of a heat pump: air, water or ground (thermal) source and about a dozen of extra parameters . Let’s move forward. Now, consider the current effectiveness of your heater working on the fossil or other fuel. For example, this study reveals the efficiency of wood-burning stoves in 80% of COP as max. And this one here tells that the stove gas burned is only 30% efficient. Let’s make the rough approximation in 60% of the COP of your current burner, just to simplify the calculations. Secondly, let’s calculate the CO2 emissions globally to have an idea what is the current state of pollution. To do that, we take the data from the table here and extrapolate it to the entire world (guess, 2006 data is still fine if to only calculate). As we can find out, total emissions given in million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide globally in 2006 is 29,160 tonnes, from which the United Kingdom holds 585.71 million tonnes with 9.66 tonnes per year per capita (one person). According to this data, 49% of the energy in the UK was heat energy and over 34% of all energy was consumed by the individual households, with the total countrywide energy consumption equal to 907 TWh. Thirdly, let’s calculate the increase in the efficiency of a newly installed air source heat pumps or any other type of pumps compared to your current burner. As we’ve defined upper, it is 300% vs. 60%. So, you gain 240% of COP on the output when installing a new heat pump of whatever kind. Or, 17%/83% ratio of the effectiveness of what you have now/a heat pump. Now, if to take ONLY the UK, the shift to heat pumps can bring: 585.71*34% = 199.14 million tonnes of CO2 emissions are produced yearly by all UK’s households. 199.14/83%*17% = 40.79 million tonnes of emissions yearly may remain after all of them will install the new technology thus resulting in saving of 158.35 million tonnes of CO2 emissions yearly. If to apply roughly the same effectiveness calculations to the entire world, we receive: 29,160/585.71*(585.71-158.35)=21,276 million tonnes or 7,883 millions of tonnes of CO2 emissions decrease (or 27% lowering)! If to correct in on the newest data of 2007 (30 million tonnes) and extrapolate it up to 2017 using the data from the table we already have mentioned even dividing the growth ratio of yearly CO2 emissions in two (receiving 6.7% of yearly growth in average), we receive that in 2017, the world CO2 emissions must be somewhere about 57,823 million tonnes (1,161.45 million tonnes in the UK). Thus, the potential worldwide economy from the heat pumps technology must be: 57.823*27% = 15,612.21 million tonnes and in the UK solely: 1,161.45*27% = 313.59 million tonnes a year. What a whopping numbers! But you will ask: okay, the numbers are great but what CO2 does? The answer is: · heating up the planet making hurricanes more devastating, crops dying early from blazing temperature, millions of people having heart attacks because of heat · acidizing the oceans killing local flora and fauna, eventually leaving us with no food sources. Still doubt heat pumps are a must and eco-friendly?
  15. Green Agricultural Practices

    Green agricultural practices strive to preserve the environment and produce livestock and crops sustainably. Being truly green is practicing producing as little waste as possible and using as little water as possible. Here are some green agricultural practices that seem out of date but are now crucial to sustainable agriculture. The goal is to maintain productivity and quality while using resources more efficiently. Crop Rotation The practice of growing the same crop in the same soil for years will eventually lead to soil erosion and a lack of proper nutrients for the crop in question. Crop diversity can also be employed where a variety of dissimilar crops are planted that take and give back a mixture of nutrients to and from the soil. Crop rotation can also diminish the occurrence of disease in crops because diseases are crop specific. Many agriculturalists will tell you horror stories of infected crop and losing an entire season’s work. With crop rotation the disease is much less likely to occur and if it does only one variety is lost, not your entire income. Local Market By creating a culture where you buy and sell produce locally you can reduce emissions of trucks and ships passing produce back and forth. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) This is considered a four tier system that works to eliminate chemical pesticides and replace them with natural alternatives. First you must determine if any creatures on your farm can actually be considered pests to begin with and if killing them will have ecological repercussions. Monitoring and identifying pests can give you a major advantage in non-chemical pest control. Once you know what the pests are you can implement your preventative measures. These methods of pest preventions include crop rotation and choosing pest resistant strains of crops. More invasive measures may include the use of pheromones to disturb pests’ mating seasons or trapping and removing weeds by hand instead of using herbicides. Improved Water Management Improved irrigation means using less water when raising crops. This can be implemented with a drip irrigation system. Read more on the revolution drip irrigation can bring to the future of green agriculture. To adopt any of these methods all you need is some know-how and the proper farming supplies. Learn more about our agricultural directory here and find the agricultural products you need to go green! Get into contact with agricultural services and we will be happy to help.