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  • Joseph Ramondeli

    Black Friday Promotes Over-Consumption and Waste

    By Joseph Ramondeli

    Black Friday Promotes Over-Consumption and Waste               Every year Thanksgiving weekend is overshadowed by Black Friday and in recent years Cyber Monday as well. Thanksgiving is supposed to be a time when families can get together, even if it’s just for a day or dinner, to talk and reconnect. However every year more American’s are focused on shopping. Stores are now open by 8:00 pm on Thanksgiving Day resulting in people sitting at the dinner table with their families while browsing on their phones for the best deals that they hope to buy in a few hours.  This is just another example of how our modern, technologically advanced society is constantly becoming more materialistic. Aside from Black Friday overshadowing an American holiday and tradition, it is an annual example of how Americans over-consume and by doing so are very wasteful.  A huge fraction of purchased goods during Black Friday and Cyber Monday are things that people don’t need, they are things they think they need. Advertisements and social trends play a big role in the impact of this event (I refuse to call it a holiday) and in our consumption behavior in general.             Companies are tricking and forcing us to buy un-needed goods through the use of planned obsolescence and perceived obsolescence.  Planned obsolescence is disappointing because it refers to how companies purposely make products to only last a few years and by doing so force consumers to by new products from them every couple of years. The most common example of this is electronic devices. Apple creates a new IPhone every year so that once yours break “accidentally” there’s a brand new, more expensive one to purchase as a replacement. Not to mention that such companies stop making old models, forcing you to buy the newest model. On the other hand, perceived obsolescence is promoted by companies but ultimately results from our own social actions. Companies, through advertisements, constantly throw the promotion of new goods in our face. It’s almost impossible to go anywhere or do anything without seeing an advertisement of some sort. These advertisements tend to increase around the holiday season, hence the origin of Black Friday. The main reason such advertisements work is due to the social pressure we put on each other and ourselves. Everyone wants the next new model or brand and once a friend or family member purchases something then we are pressured and attracted to buying it as well. The biggest example of this is the fashion industry, where new trends come and go each season resulting in constant purchasing of new, unnecessary clothing. These companies are clearly getting the better of us based on the success of such events as Black Friday and Cyber Monday.             So why is over-consumption such a bad thing, why should we care if people waste there money on unnecessary goods? It’s simple: overconsumption leads to waste! One of the downfalls to the technological advancements of today’s world is that we create materials that cannot be found in our natural world. This means that when we throw something out in the garbage it will never decompose. Purchasing many of today’s consumer goods is bad enough because most cannot be recycled and will sit in landfills, but over-consumption takes this once step further in that we buy more than we need! We buy new clothes or new phones before our old ones are worn our or broken. By doing so we are creating more waste because we constantly thrown away products that are still functional and contribute the ever-growing amount of waste humanity has created on this planet. In order to help reduce the waste we create of course we should recycle and reuse as much as possible. However, I believe that the creation of waste should be stopped at its source, and that’s our consumer purchasing. Buying less and using goods to there fullest is a sure way to decrease waste. Resisting social pressure and advertisements is key to getting this accomplished. So next year put the phones away and turn the TV off at the dinner table during Thanksgiving, you don’t need them. Joseph Ramondelli  
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  • Mark Piazzalunga

    DESERTEC project, Sahara Sun could power Europe by 2050

    By Mark Piazzalunga

    Sahara desert climate is hot and arid, everybody knows it. So how can this simple and well-known fact become the idea to power a continent like Europe? Let’s start from the principle: renewable energy is the future of energy; we assume that this sentence is true since all facts gets to this point. Second principle: European territory is restricted and allows the construction of a few plants that could use renewable energy. Paradoxically, countries like Africa have renewable sources, particularly solar, in abundance but scarce funds to make the best of these resources. Now find the connection. Is it possible to produce huge amounts of solar energy in Africa and transport them to Europe through energy infrastructures? Apparently yes, according to DESERTEC project developers and supporters. And what is DESERTEC? It’s an initiative of the Club of Rome (a global think tank that has its headquarters in Switzerland) started in 2009. Directly from the official website of the project (Desertec.org): "The DESERTEC concept was developed by a network of politicians, scientists and economists from around the Mediterranean, from which was born the DESERTEC Foundation. Demonstrates a way to provide climate protection, energy security and the development of sustainable energy generation from sites where renewable energy sources are at their most plentiful." In practical terms? Connect renewable energy power plants in Africa to Europe through a network of HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) systems. The Foundation target is to build several renewable power plants of various types (mainly wind, photovoltaic and solar concentration) throughout North Africa. To support the project financially, the Foundation and other 12 companies (including Deutsche Bank, E.ON, RWE and ABB) created an industrial initiative: Dii GmbH. The construction project would continue until 2050 and for that date, the cost is estimated at € 400 billion, which means $ 546,720,000,000, approximately seven times Bill Gates’ fortune. It’s little bit expensive (life on Mars seems cheaper) but the entire network could provide Europe with the 15-20% of electricity that it needs. We must also consider the drastic decrease of pollution, direct effect of the project. This project isn’t just an idea but it seems an accurate and long-term plan. This could be an opportunity to connect two continents and to give them economic opportunities and jobs. There could be some problems like the wars and the instability of some of North Africa countries or how to get all 40 nations to agree to an arrangement for subsidizing the green electricity. There’s also the possibility to build the plants in Europe, just $ 54 billion more, and doing some math it brings to a shocking number: €2 per citizen per year to keep tens of thousands of jobs in Europe -- and to prevent Europe from becoming dependent on foreign countries for its electricity. Well, the project just started and it has the funds to go forward. We can't wait to see the results. Photo from Desertec.org
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  • Megan Bonetti

    Conferencing Climate Change: Teamwork or Tug-of-war?

    By Megan Bonetti

    India. Culture, cows and rubbish. As an Aussie living for a short time in India it is such an intriguing country. Indians love their diverse nation yet they use the streets like rubbish dumps. Even my friends here tell me it’s ok to throw my paddle-pop wrapper out the car window. I can’t… so I just hold it tight and wait till I get home. Growing up in Australia, those ‘emu hunts’ in primary school have willed my littering days away. Yet I suspect that even my household trash bin will just be dumped across the road for the cows to eat or worse still, burnt on the street…for the cows to eat. This is India. Love it or hate it. (#tii) As an Australian social worker volunteering with an NGO in Southern India I witness the large divide between the rich and poor of this incredibly colourful nation. I work with many children whose whole families have had to migrate from various parts of India due to the rapid effects of drought on their land and the significant urbanisation of major cities in the last 10 years. It turns out India has seen a boom in it’s industrial and technological trades a little later than it’s western neighbours and they are loving it. But India’s urban boom is threatened with westerners telling them they have to stop producing and polluting. The earth doesn’t like it. Sorry India…We made our big capitalist bucks, but you don’t get that chance. Just when things are getting good and you’re developing astronomically, your main source of energy is being taken away. It turns out fossil fuels are the cheapest form of energy for the developing world, especially as they try in earnest to develop the same standard of living as we have. So as one the most formidable countries in the developing world, India not only has the pressures of navigating a massive population but also has to figure out how to go green on the cheap. It’s interesting that the Turnbull government has reluctantly agreed on a 5% reduction in carbon emissions in the next five years. “Phew! Glad we got through that one boys.” They wipe their sweaty brows while developing countries are drowning, burning and trying to survive on scant resources. These countries are just trying to make a crust, while Eurocentric nations are slowly turning a baguette into organic multigrain sourdough (and throwing the crusts to their hobby cows). If the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris is truly the last attempt for international cooperation, leaders cannot just show and tell their contribution and sit back with folded arms. But how can mere human individuals promote serious teamwork? This brings me back to the children I work with here in India. Every day their parent’s lives are tied to corrupt building associations. They are bonded labourers—gypsies moving from construction to construction. These families have no hope of returning to their now desolate homeland and are not provided social security measures that protect their livelihood. Then there is India’s neighbour, low-lying Bangladesh, experiencing saltwater intrusion that poisons whole water supplies for entire villages. In our own backyard we see Australian farmers shooting all their cattle only to turn the gun on themselves under the shadow of unprecedented drought. This is human impact. Global warming is not just about penguins and polar bears. Climate change is a social justice issue. We live in a globalised world. The industrial revolution brought us here; and climate change is the consequence. No longer do we just neighbour cities, we neighbour nations. The leaders of Australia must be held accountable to all their neighbours including the ones just trying to keep their head above water. It simply won’t do for wealthy nations, such as Australia, to show the world their own country’s carbon reductions and sit back down. This summit can’t work as a set menu; it has to be a potluck dinner, a time for sharing, understanding and safeguarding. For the sake of our beautiful earth and the many diverse cultures of the human race, this time I hope and pray that the leaders of the world provide a resounding voice for the marginalised. This summit and our government must not stop at figures, but uphold the basic democratic and human rights principles that cradle modern society. The United Nations was created so that man-made and worldwide calamities could no longer grasp our world with such authority. Well, it turns out a world war with Mother Nature is knocking on our doorstep. Will we listen and respond? I hope so.   For more information please visit the below links. They offer great insights into climate change realities and are positive and accessible resources for engaging the conversation. The reality of climate change | David Puttnam | TEDxDublin https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SBjtO-0tbKU India: Climate Change Impacts http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/06/19/india-climate-change-impacts Climate Change and the End of Australia http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/climate-change-and-the-end-of-australia-20111003 The Critical Decade: Climate Change and Health (Australia) http://www.climatecouncil.org.au/uploads/1bb6887d6f8cacd5d844fc30b0857931.pdf GoPro: Climate Change and the Optimistic Future https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sT6jtTtsG_M Paris Climate Conference: COP21 Explained https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1-qd8YCaoQ4 Why is the Paris UN climate summit important? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lnztR5JllA4 Adam asks new PM Malcolm Turnbull on climate change in Question Time https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cqXtKt-Is54 Morgan Freeman's Powerful Climate Change Short Film https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YQIaOldDU8  
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Our community blogs

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    In a culture that recycles over 150 million metric tons of metallic materials each year in the US alone, one cannot honestly say that there is no recycling effort taking place. Yet, many people are not aware of the many benefits that can be derived from a comprehensive effort to clean up the environment. Our article below covers several direct benefits produced today by scrap metal recycling operations across the US.

    Economic Reasons

    The US scrap metal recycling industry in 2008 resulted in the creation of more than 85,000 jobs and $86 billion being generated in revenue. That same year, the US exported roughly 44 million metric tons of scrap commodities that resulted in a more balanced US trade economy. Production of everyday items such as staples, paper clips, fasteners, jewelry, tools, city infrastructures and elements of buildings themselves all make up the scrap metal industry.

    Today, the industry is not only good for the environment, but it's good for business as well. Over 450,000 new jobs were created within the last three years at a time when the economy appeared to be in dire straits. Best of all, they were high quality, good-paying jobs that fed money back into a fragile and stagnant economy.

    Energy/Natural Resources

    Producing metals from virgin ore is an expensive process--both naturally and economically. However, the recycled scrap metal process not only reduces the amount of greenhouse gas emissions, but it also helps preserve the earth’s precious natural resources.

    For instance, using recycled material saves up to 92 percent aluminum, 90 percent copper and more than 56 percent of steel stockpiles. Moreover, the recycling of just one ton of steel preserves more than 2,500 pounds of iron, 1,400 pounds of coal and more than 120 pounds of limestone. In addition, one ton of recycled aluminum helps conserve 8 tons of bauxite ore and 14 megawatt hours of electrical energy.

    Ecological/Environmental Benefits

    In a concentrated effort to preserve the ecological system, one cannot stress enough the importance of having a comprehensive program for recycling of scrap metals. Being that scrap metals are as usable, malleable and less expensive to produce then virgin material, it’s crucially important to have professional recyclers do the taxing work of removal and recycling according to General Recycling Industries Ltd., one of the many Edmonton scrap yards.

    All things considered, there are no valid reasons for not recycling scrap metals. The scrap metal industry consistently proves itself as being cost effective for those involved inside the industry and outside of it. But more importantly, as the obvious stewards of earth’s resources, scrap metal processing just may help avoid a possible future ecological disaster.

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  2. It is quite evident that living without electricity is not an option nowadays. With time, traditional sources of energy generation are getting depleted. The stock of fossil fuel is not unlimited and growth of population and resultant consumption has led to energy scarcity in various parts of the world. This has prompted governments, environment entities and a section of population to seek alternatives sources of energy generation. In recent times, alternative energy generation sources have become quite popular and using sun as the energy source is a viable option. As it is, solar power installation can prove to be beneficial for homeowners from several perspectives.

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    Nuances of solar energy generation and usage

    In solar energy generation, sunlight is used as source of power. Flat silicon panels are installed on rooftops and those are fitted with suitable accessories to trap solar energy. The energy is transmitted through wires fitted with panels and it gets stored in a battery and inverter unit. This in turn acts as the source of power supply in the household.

    The numerous benefits of Solar panels installation

    There are several benefits of installing solar panels at home for energy generation.

    The cost

    When you set up solar panels at home for energy generation, the initial expense may be high. However, in long run, you will be benefited. Consider the fact that after installing there will be no need to pay monthly bills to a power supply company which is the case with others. You will be able to save some amount on your monthly expenditure in long run. Thinking of these, the solar panel cost should not deter you.

    Maintenance

    If you are worried about maintenance needs of solar panels at home, relax! The panels are rather sturdy and they are supported by underlying structures. They are not likely to get damaged soon by weather elements. Present generation panels are made to withstand weather elements for a long time. With low maintenance, these panels offer solid value for money.

    Impact on Environment

    For every unit of electricity you use obtained from fossil fuel sources, you become responsible for polluting the environment. Usage of solar panels does not impact the environment in an adverse way.

    Added Benefits

    To promote usage of green energy sources, governments in many countries and companies selling solar energy requirements are offering various benefits to buyers. You can avail several lucrative discounts, fee waivers and monetary benefits when opting for solar power installation. Besides, when you sell a house equipped with solar energy generation capabilities, you can expect higher price.

    Certain Things you need to calculate

    Before you opt for solar energy panel installations at home, a few aspects need to be calculated with care. You need to find out overall consumption amount of the household. You can talk with regional solar energy equipment sellers on this subject. They can suggest you regarding suitable packages and products matching your needs. Some sellers also offer video tutorials and FAQ in their websites which can be useful for you.

    The author writes extensively on alternative energy generation. He has written several resourceful articles on solar energy generation and related products.

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    Population growth, massive urbanization, and increasing consumer demands will cause major changes in future energy production methods. While there’s no question that the energy system must become more sustainable, Monsanto CMS maintains that it also needs to produce more energy to keep up with both technological advances and consumer expectations.

    Biofuels are a logical and cost-effective response to the sustainability question. They don’t emit as much carbon dioxide as fossil fuels, and they are much cheaper than traditional combustibles.

    Although still a controversial subject, biofuels -- together with other alternative energy sources -- can revolutionize the way we power up the world.

     

     

    Biofuels to Revolutionize Clean Energy

    Fermented ethanol is at the heart of producing first-generation biofuels. People have been taking carbon from plants such as corn and sugarcane, and converting it into fuels for thousands of years. Plant carbon was even used to power up the Model T, the car that established a mass market for automobiles. However, biofuels only account for less than 10% of the world’s energy supply.

     

     

    Why?

    Even though biofuels are a great alternative to fossil fuels, earlier versions had their downsides. Ethanol is extracted from plants that are rich in sugar or starches that are heavily used in the food industry or to feed livestock. A sudden increase in demand could cause food prices to skyrocket and availability to be diminished.

    Fortunately, scientists are looking for ways to fix the faults in biofuel production and create alternative energy sources that are clean and efficient.

     

    For instance, companies could produce biofuels without impacting the environment or the world’s population by using cellulosic biomass, instead of starch or corn, to produce ethanol.  In other words, companies could use agricultural waste, algae, and non-food crops and convert them into plant sugars that can be used to fuel the world.

     

    Sure, this task is not without its challenges, but Shell -- one of the biggest oil and gas companies in the world -- might have a solution. A Brazilian subsidiary of Shell started burning leftover sugarcanes to deliver power to its factories. The excess power was pumped into the national Brazilian grid. The electricity sourced by leftover canes supplied around 3% of Brazil’s demand. It’s estimated that this number will grow to 18% in the next three years.

    Brazil is one of the biggest pollution producers in the world. If they manage to implement the use of cellulosic biofuels effectively, they could set an example for the entire world to follow.

     

    Transforming Microbial Methane into Energy

    Cellulosic biofuels aren't the only clean energy alternative that could revolutionize the world’s power sources. Scientists at Stanford University are testing new ways of transforming microbial methane into energy.

    Researchers have set up colonies of microbes that produce methane gas and other compounds. Their goal is to create massive microbial factories that could convert carbon dioxide into renewable energy sources.

    The first step has already been taken. Scientists finally understand how methanogens -- microorganisms usually found in sediments that convert electricity and CO2 into methane -- work, And they proved that methanogens retrieve electrons from solid surfaces.

    This important discovery could help researchers and engineers design electrodes for microbial factories to produce sustainable methane gas.

     

     

    How Artificial Leaves Could Power Up the World

    It’s no longer a secret that plants can generate an outstanding amount of energy. Recent estimates have shown that plants can produce up to 130 terawatts of energy per year while consuming as little as 115 petagrams of carbon. Researchers have been working for years to develop a system that could mimic a plants capacity for producing energy in a more cost-effective way.

    Daniel Nocera and his team at MIT have discovered a way to develop extra-thin solar cells made from silicone and other catalytic materials. One of those materials is a less-expensive replacement for platinum.

    These solar cells don’t generate electricity directly. Instead, they act like electrodes in hydrogen cells; when they are placed in a water container in direct sunlight, they convert hydrogen into energy. Photosynthesis works pretty much the same way.

    In the near future, companies could create artificial leaves that capture sun’s energy to power the world with no CO2 emissions.

    The world is going to need an outstanding amount of energy for everyone to achieve reasonable living standards, but that doesn’t mean we should kill our planet in the process. These alternative solutions have the potential to revolutionize the way we power the world.

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    Recent Entries

    Hemp, also known as marijuana, is a tall, coarse plant native to Asia, but grown nearly anywhere in the world. Besides its drug use, hemp is recognized as a valuable fiber, one that can be used to make rope, fabric and other materials. Hemp oil is also an important byproduct, one that is used as dietary supplement as well as for the relief of eczema, a skin disease.

     

    Hemp oil is sometimes called hempseed oil. No matter the name used, this oil is derived by pressing hemp seeds. This oil should not be confused with hash oil, derived from the cannabis flower and acclaimed by many for its supposed medicinal qualities.

     

    In its natural state, cold pressed, unrefined hemp oil ranges from clear light green to dark in color and has a nutty flavor. For a grassier taste, users can choose a darker color.

     

    In its refined state, hemp oil is clear, colorless and offers only minimum flavoring. This also means that many of its naturally occurring vitamins and antioxidants have been removed. Thus, people seeking to enjoy the full medicinal benefit of hemp oil routinely look for unrefined oils. These oils are incorporated within body car products, including moisturizers, lotions, shampoos and more.

     

    Hemp oil also has an industrial purpose. The oil is used as a wood finish, in particular as a drying oil although it usually is blended with other oils. Hempseed oil is often compared with linseed oil in its usage. This oil has also found use as a biodiesel, according to researchers at the University of Connecticut.

     

    The cannabis saliva plant is used to produce hemp oil. However, it only contains small amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive cannabis plant element. In the preparation process, the hemp seeds are cleansed before being pressed into an oil. Thus, hemp oil comes in below the government threshold for permissible tetrahydrocannabinol levels.

     

    Hemp oil is also served as a tincture, whereby it can be added to other ingredients or taken directly. Tinctures include a dropper to ensure that the right amount of hemp oil is extracted.

     

    When using any tincture, the bottle should be thoroughly shaken to ensure a full blending. Then and only then should the dropper be used to pull in the right amount to tincture. That tincture could then be added to a food source or applied directly under the tongue. Holding it in your mouth for upwards of 90 seconds before swallowing will ensure that you receive its full benefit. No, you won’t get “high” from a hemp seed tincture, but it can help you relax and sleep better.

     

    Hemp seed oil is now also popular with those who vape. Vaping is a process that allows people to enjoy different flavorings via an electronic cigarette or similar vaping device, without the side effects of smoking. Like the tincture, only trace amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol is present, well within legal limits. At the same time, users frequently remark that the oil mixed with other flavors provide a winning combination for vaping. This product, like the tincture, is legal in all 50 states.

     

    The Federal Drug Administration (FDA) has not ruled on the health benefits of hemp oil. That hasn’t stopped proponents from sharing their own findings, always with the proviso that such benefits may not have been independently confirmed explains Tasty Hemp Oil.

     

    Users are often the best people to ask about hemp oil and what it does for them. Some claim that hemp oil lowers their cholesterol levels, maintains their sugar levels (ideal for people with diabetes), and boosts their immune systems. Besides combatting eczema, hemp oil may help people who have another skin condition, namely psoriasis.

     

    At the same time, there are warnings that hemp oil can increase prostate cancer risk, may have an anti-clotting effect on blood, and cause diarrhea and abdominal cramps. Discuss your usage with your medical practitioner.

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  4. By J. Matthew Roney

    At the end of 2013, the wind farms installed in more than 85 countries had a combined generating capacity of 318,000 megawatts, which would be enough to meet the residential electricity needs of the European Union’s 506 million people. New data from the Global Wind Energy Council show that wind developers built 35,000 megawatts of new generating capacity worldwide in 2013. This was down from 45,000 megawatts installed in 2012—marking only the second time in 25 years that installed capacity increased by less than it did the year before.

    The principal reason for the decline in new capacity was a more than 90 percent drop in U.S. wind farm installations from a record 13,000 megawatts in 2012. Although the United States has the second-highest wind power capacity in the world—some 61,000 megawatts—a lack of long-term policy planning has led to several such boom-and-bust cycles.

    Despite the dearth of new capacity, there were many bright spots for U.S. wind power in 2013. Wind accounted for at least 12 percent of the electricity generated in nine states, including Iowa (27 percent) and South Dakota (26 percent). Iowa will get another boost from a $1.9 billion deal announced in December 2013: Warren Buffett’s MidAmerican Energy Company purchased Siemens turbines totaling more than 1,000 megawatts, all destined for Iowa wind projects. When complete in 2015, these wind farms will likely bring the wind share of electricity in Iowa to at least 33 percent.

    Wind’s contribution to the grid is also growing in Texas, the U.S. wind capacity leader with 12,400 megawatts. The Electric Reliability Council of Texas reports that wind farms produced nearly 10 percent of the electricity delivered to its 24 million customers in 2013. And with the early-2014 completion of state-funded transmission projects linking windy West Texas and the Panhandle to population centers to the east, Texas can accommodate even more clean electricity on the grid. The state has 7,000 megawatts of new wind power capacity under construction, more than half of the 12,000 megawatts currently being built nationwide.

    China has led the world in installed capacity since surpassing the United States in 2010. In contrast to the drop in U.S. installations in 2013, China’s wind construction accelerated—adding 16,000 megawatts to reach a total 91,000 megawatts. Wind further solidified its role as the number three electricity source in China (behind coal and hydropower), out-generating nuclear power by an impressive 22 percent. The National Energy Administration aims to make wind-generated electricity cost-competitive with coal by 2020. (See data.)

    As in Texas and many other places around the world, some of China’s best wind resources are found far from major cities where electricity demand is high. High-voltage transmission lines now under construction will connect wind-rich provinces in the north and west with more populous ones in the central and eastern provinces. For example, one project linking remote Xinjiang province to the 4 million people in Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan province, was completed in early 2014. Infrastructure projects such as this one will be critical in reaching the official Chinese goal of 200,000 megawatts of grid-connected wind capacity by 2020.

    India, the country with the fifth-highest amount of installed capacity, added 1,700 megawatts in 2013 to cross the 20,000 megawatt threshold. Although this was 25 percent less new capacity than in 2012, India is poised to grow its wind power base dramatically in the coming years. In January 2014, the government announced a National Wind Energy Mission—in the spirit of the country’s National Solar Mission—to be launched mid-year. By beefing up the grid and using incentives to attract investment to wind hotspots, the program aims to hit 100,000 megawatts of wind within eight years.

    Development is picking up elsewhere in Asia as well. In Pakistan, wind power capacity doubled to 100 megawatts in 2013 and will double again when two 50-megawatt projects go online in 2014. Thailand also doubled its wind capacity in 2013, reaching 220 megawatts. And the Philippines has seven projects due for completion in 2014 that will expand wind capacity there 13-fold to 450 megawatts.

    Before China’s recent surge, Europe was the leading wind power region. Germany, which added 3,200 megawatts in 2013, ranks third worldwide in total capacity, with 34,000 megawatts. Four of its northern states regularly get half or more of their electricity from wind farms.

    When it comes to wind’s contribution to national electricity needs, European countries top the leaderboard. Denmark gets one third of its electricity from wind, well on its way to a target of 50 percent by 2020. Portugal, Lithuania, Spain, and Ireland come in at around 20 percent each. In fact, wind came within a percentage point of beating nuclear power for the title of Spain’s number one electricity source in 2013. And Germany, Europe’s largest economy, obtained 8 percent of its electricity from wind farms.

    While some of the larger European wind power markets, including Spain, Italy, and France, have slowed down, smaller players are speeding up. Poland and Romania each expanded their wind power capacity by 36 percent in 2013, to 3,400 and 2,600 megawatts, respectively. And in Turkey, even though the approval process for projects is slow, wind capacity grew by 28 percent to nearly 3,000 megawatts.

    One region with enormous wind potential but little development so far is Latin America. Brazil, best known for getting 80 percent of its electricity from large hydropower, hosts the most wind power capacity in the region—now close to 3,500 megawatts after a 950-megawatt addition in 2013. At government auctions, wind companies have won more than half of all contracts to sell electricity since 2011, according to Bloomberg data. Some 10,000 megawatts of wind may be installed in Brazil between 2014 and 2019. Mexico, Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay also added wind power in 2013.

    In all of Africa, just one project added capacity in 2013. The final 90 megawatts of Ethiopia’s 120-megawatt Ashegoda Wind Farm went into operation, more than doubling the country’s wind capacity to 170 megawatts. South Africa has 2,100 megawatts of wind power in the pipeline, including 750 megawatts to be added in 2014 alone.

    Offshore projects account for just over 2 percent of the wind capacity installed worldwide. Having hit a seventh straight annual installation record in 2013, however, offshore wind is growing fast. More than half of the 7,100 megawatts of offshore capacity belongs to the United Kingdom, which installed 730 megawatts in its waters in 2013. Denmark, Germany, and Belgium each added at least 190 megawatts to their totals, while China added 39 megawatts. Both Vietnam and Spain added offshore wind capacity for the first time, as did the United States, although the U.S. project was one very small demonstration turbine off the coast of Maine.

    Offshore wind is still one of the more expensive electricity generating technologies, but onshore wind is often highly competitive with coal, natural gas, and nuclear power in areas with strong wind resources. And costs continue to fall as wind manufacturers steadily improve turbine efficiency, harnessing more wind per machine. In the United States, the average price of wind-generated electricity has dropped 40 percent since 2009.

    After a slower year in 2013, world wind installations will bounce back in 2014, perhaps to a new record—the Global Wind Energy Council sees the potential for 47,000 megawatts. Roughly half of the total will be built in China and the United States (around three times more in the former than in the latter). This is good news for the wind business, for electricity consumers, and for people who value cleaner air and water. But increasingly dire scientific warnings about the consequences of climate change mean that the world will need to accelerate the shift to carbon-free, renewable sources of energy even more so in the years to come.

    Copyright © 2014 Earth Policy Institute

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    Nearly everything we do in life emits carbon in one form or another. Whether it’s the green house gasses produced from our cars, the electricity we use for our homes, or the planes in the air that transport people around the world.

    Your carbon footprint is the overall amount of green house gas emissions that are produced by an individual, organization, event or product

    With this in mind there is a way to reduce your personal carbon footprint by just switching from plastic to more renewable kids toys.

    When you start being conscience of your carbon footprint you’re helping move our country & world to a better, healthier and safer place to live.

    Now you might be thinking what has this got to do with my kids toys?

    You probably know that all plastic is bad because it takes thousands of years to decompose. But what you may not be aware is much of this same plastic ends up in our oceans. As a result this forces local fish species to move or die. Worse yet the plastic also leaks chemicals into the water, which changes the pH level.

    And if you’re one to enjoy eating fish, then purchasing plastic kids toys increases your potential of consuming plastic yourself. Because small sea animals ingest this “wasted” plastic, and fish eat those animals and we eat those fish!

    Even if some plastic toys are reused, not all kids toys are recycled. So most will simply end up in landfills. As a result, the decomposed plastic gets in our soil, which harms plants and animals.

    Additionally these same plastic toys are responsible for water and air pollution because they leach hazardous toxins into the air and water.

    So to help reduce your carbon footprint, opt for renewable kids toys, which are crafted from natural, sustainable, biodegradable and/or recycled materials.

    Some of theses toys could include:

    • Cubby Houses
    • Big basket of books
    • Wooden stacking rings and blocks
    • Soft rag dolls instead of barbie
    • Puzzles and shape sorters
    • Wooden dollhouses
    • Wool felt toys
    • Organic cotton soft toys
    • Wooden musical toys
    • ABC Blocks
    • And much much more

    So next time you consider purchasing your kids toys, opt for ones that are made from recycle materials such as renewable grown timber, cotton or even wool. You’re not only reducing your carbon footprint but also surrounding your child with natural toys which are safe and have been made ethically and in an environmentally conscience way.

    As a result you’re teaching your child at a young age to value the beauty of a natural world.

    So the question is, will you purchase renewable kids toys now you know the affects it has on the environment?

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    It's lunch time. You drive your car and go to grocery store for preparing something delicious. You pick chicken and a pre-made salad. Have you noticed that such actions affect environment? How could it be possible? Let me explain. When you go by car, it releases carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Air gets polluted. The store that you went into, require light which is powered by coal and as you know that coal mining destroy our ecosystem. What about that salad? Its ingredients grown on farm using harmful pesticides and then washed into local streams poisoning the fish and aquatic plants. Water gets polluted. Even chicken transported by trucks that emits poisonous gas. A smallest action of human creates an environmental change. Think of a bigger picture. Humans are completely dependent on mother nature for survival. But, what you give back? Harmful chemicals that pollutes water, carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide such undesirable gases causing air pollution. We really need to think on this and stop some where.

    Have you ever wonder which is one of the main reason in determining the nature? Industrial pollution is the main cause. Earlier industries were limited and so they were less harmful to en vironment. But, with growing population several industries evolved on a large scale with massive production. This has depleted certain natural resources damaging the environment permanently. Best example is deforestation which is clearing of forest for sake of production. “ Grow More Trees” is our motto. Do you think we took this seriously? Just to increase production level, what are we doing? Cutting down the trees and cripple the system. Greed can lead to catastrophic accidents and eventually society has to suffer. Mainly primary industries has caused a massive damage to earth especially mining of coal. This has become one of the biggest issue today.

    Coal, one of the fossil fuel, is mined with an aim of producing electricity. Imagine a day without electricity. I remember a day when the light goes off just for an hour and I was like yelling and calling at electricity office. We really could not live without it. Not even an hour. Now, you might have come to know how coal is important and so its mining as well. But Wait! All good things come with something not acceptable. Have you ever think of how much damage is caused to surface of earth while mining coal? Let me list down all the drastic consequences that comes along with mining of it.

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    1. Emission of harmful gases deteriorates ambient air quality

    With an aim to extract coal from underground mines, mining operation is done. Such operation includes drilling, hauling, collection and transportation and this results into emission of harmful gases like methane, sulfur-dioxide, oxides of nitrogen and carbon monoxide . Just like other fossil fuels, combustion of coal produces CO2 affecting the green house effect. This even increase in global warming. This even has major impact like global warming. Don't you think such release of gases will pollute the air? Off-course Yes. Much more air quality deterioration is caused due to opencast mining in which mining operation is carried without any tunnel or shafts. Imagine how much destructive it will be? Such emission leads to serious health hazards with a rapid increase of respiratory disease such as chronic bronchitis and asthma. Really, we need to think on this otherwise the day is no far where we are left alone by nature. Within last few year production of coal is sky-rocketing. You can figure it out how the production of coal has been incresed in china in last few years.

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    2. Adverse impact to hydrological regime

    Process of mining, burning the coal and waste storage of coal pollutes the water. How? A flowing water comes into contact of coal mining activities that has exposed rocks. Such rocks contains pyrite, a sulphur bearing mineral. This mineral reacts with water forming sulphuric acid. Such runoff results into a metal rich water that is Acid mine drainage (AMD). How dreadful it would be to those aquatic plants and animals? And what about us? We too are affected as we drink that contaminated water. Other reasons that pollutes the water are erosion of mine benches , overloaded and reject dumps, failing dams and even during discharging of million litres of water itself. “Water is life” But, we have made it such that becomes dangerous to your life. How mean we are?

    3. Enormous Land Disturbance Caused due to mining operation

    Mining operation goes through large scale excavation, creation of negligent land, removal of top soil, dumping of solid waste and cutting of roads. Usually, mine collapse in underground mining and land above it start to sink result into an interruption. News about such catastrophe is frequently heard. But, opencast mining is more destructive than underground mining. It scraps away earth and rock to get coal buried near the surface. It destroy landscapes, forest, wildlife, contaminates ground water and result into air and noise pollution. Such environmental affects are so profound that recovery of it is next to impossible. So, why we become so careless and constantly dig though it affects our environment.

    4. Mining causes noise and vibration

    Do you like someone screaming? No Why? Because it is too unpleasant to our ears. Think of a blast or something weird sound at a high volume. How terrible it might be for our ears. Think of people living around the areas where mining activities takes place. Why? Because such mining operation produces lot of noise and vibration as well. Hundreds of tones of explosives blast in the mining area and this creates a massive noise pollution. Hearing loss of human ears is one of the major consequence of noise. Imagine how dreadful it might be? Beast in forest are more sensitive to such noise and so they are more affected than humans.

    Want to improve environmental sustainability in industries? There has been established many institutional bodies that offers diploma in Environmental Management. Many of them even offer excellent trainig and one of my friend has experienced best training of workplace environmental at Brisbane in Australia.

    Being a part of this wonderful nature, each and every individual is responsible for such destruction. Why we have become so greedy that we don't care of its frighting consequences. There is still time to save our nature otherwise it will be too late to sum up everything.

  6. Saving the people from the clutches of diseases or death is an experience which cannot be expressed in words. Give true meaning to the life by enrolling in one of the courses listed in this website. Read more about our courses by exploring the website and understand the vision of the institute. All the courses are designed taking into account the present trend in emergency treatment. Register in this accredited institute and get trained by specialists. Do not blindly follow others and think something different. Welcome the bright future by finishing one of the courses listed in this website. The students will get placed in the best hospitals once they finish these courses.

    The fees for all the courses are quite nominal and subjects are par excellence. Be a class apart and register in one of the courses. Sufferings are endless in this life and many heart patients expect the emergency team to arrive to their place immediately. There is always a deficit in life saving support team. Amplify the scope of employment by finishing these courses in flying colors. Hundreds of students who finished their courses in this incredible institute got placed in top notch hospitals with handsome pay package. Stop thinking and read more to enroll in these courses.

    The Course Contents Are Quite Simple

    The students will be treated properly and given best attention during the course. Magnify the image in the society by enrolling in one of the courses. Learning these power-packed subjects is very important in the present climate since hundreds of people fall ill suddenly with various diseases and look forward for emergency medical assistance. Heart diseases are in the raise and millions of people fall prey to these dangerous diseases during the course of time.

    When heart attack happens in their place of living, it is very difficult to treat them immediately. So, they place a call to emergency team for immediate help. There is always shortage of life support team and patients are left to lurch. Assist these innocent people by learning the tricks of life support through our institute. Enhancing life support skill is always better since the students can also work as a volunteer and save many lives during their life time. Life without objective is a waste. Be decisive and set an objective to save the life of the patients.

     The students will get superb guidance and training in this institute. Look out for the best in this institute which is filled with vibrant culture. The trainers will show positive energy and enthusiasm while training the students and teach practical methods that have to be adopted during the process of life saving. Every semester will be filled with eye-opening and positive twists that will leave the students spell bound. Sitting without a job is a mental agony and a suffering. Move ahead in life by enrolling in one of the courses and showcase the potential in future.

    The Institute That Sets High Standards

    Many world class clinics and diagnostic centers are suffering from shortage of ECG technicians and looking out for bunch of candidates with this special skill. Get employed in the best labs as an ECG technician after doing the course in this institution. Pediatric care is an interesting subject and many nurses are showing interest to enroll their names in this institute to get ENPC certificate. First few minutes are very important during emergency treatment to save a life.

    The students will be taught about all the procedures related to emergency treatments and fill their brain with best knowledge. Many interesting things and latest inventions are happening in the field of medicine. Path breaking discoveries are also happening in this area. So enhancing the knowledge in medicinal field is an advantage. This institute follows systematic procedures while educating the students and provides hands on training during the period of course. The expert instructors from various fields of medicines will teach the students in a mind blowing class room. The students will show maximum interest during the program and cherish the days spent in this institution. The students will be treated royally throughout the course period.

     

  7. Polystyrene foam is a packaging and cushioning material made from carbon and hydrogen. It’s also known by the brand name Styrofoam. Expanded polystyrene is lightweight, contains up to 98% air, and is completely inert. EPS is made by using advanced cutting and moulding procedures to produce high quality finished surfaces on the final product. EPS foam can be identified by the number 6 plastic resin ID code. Its insulation properties and strength make it great for packaging and shipping delicate merchandise.

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    Insulation Properties

    Polystyrene foam has three major types of insulations: thermal, electrical, and vibrational. The foam's most known use is for white drinking cups which are ideal for hot beverages like coffee or tea. It can also be used to protect goods from damage caused by excess vibration during shipping. It does not conduct electrical current which is helpful in protecting goods with electrical components. As a bonus, polystyrene boxes can also be used as an insulator against noise.

    Shipping and Packaging Benefits

    Polystyrene foam is long lasting, and tough to destroy which makes it a great choice for making storable boxes. This type of box is light and easy to carry, which is beneficial to workers during the loading process at shipping companies. Their resistance to moisture damage makes them perfect for outdoor use and use in damp areas. This type of material is also typical for Dry Ice shipments. like fruits and vegetables. The foam is often a preferred choice for packaging smaller fragile items such as cosmetics.

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    Transporting Food

    EPS is regularly used as an insulation product and will keep meats and fish cool. Some companies use a combination of EPS and cardboard boxes to get the job done. Depending on the type of food being transported, an EPS foam shipping box can be enhanced by the use of thermal gel packs that can be frozen and even reused. Alternatively, blocks of dry ice can be used without adding too much bulk. The EPS box is then set in a corrugated box for shipment. These polystyrene boxes often hold water without any help, but a liner bag can be used for extra protection. The boxes are needed because no one can truly predict the travel conditions the goods will have to face. This is a great help for those in the restaurant industry.

    Environmental Impact

    All though polystyrene foam is recyclable, a lot of it tends to end up in landfills or scattered around the nearby areas. One of its greatest strengths is also a great weakness. Its light weight creates management issues. This leads to issues like float-ability and a tendency to be blown from disposal sites even after proper disposal. Also, since it is non-biodegradable, it will be around for a very long while. Luckily, there are some forward-thinking companies out there trying to make a difference. One such company is Omega Packaging. Their factory includes its own recycle plant for EPS boxes. When unwanted and damaged boxes are brought in, Omega converts them into General Purpose Polystyrene. There’s no waste left behind.

    Polystyrene foam is popular because of its insulation properties, its strength and its light weight. Its many advantages outweigh its few disadvantages. Proper use and management of this material can reduce its environmental impact. This ensures that customers get their merchandise in great shape, companies save on transportation costs and the environment gets a needed break as well. Everybody wins.

  8. Work is difficult. Today all the agencies do their best to succeed in a competitive market where there are no limits to what a customer can find and obtain with some patience. Customers have easy access to a day by day larger range of possible collaborators, services and opportunities. To gain new customers workers and agencies are forced to invest a lot on promotion activities or to keep their rates so low that obtain a financial income is basically utopia. Even with all this effort most of the times these strategies are still far from being enough. What all workers, from the independent painter to the successful pest control agency, look for is visibility; a chance to focus the attention of new possible costumers on what they have to offer or, perhaps, in the amazing quality that they can provide even if keeping rates a little bit higher.

    Today the best way to obtain that visibility is obviously on internet but how?

    Create a site is helpful but requires a lot of work building the project and maintaining it. A lot of work that often involve the need of spending money hiring technicians or paying for a domain. Too often all this work ends up being a waste of time due to a lack of users who visit that agency's specific site. To avoid this problem a lot of workers go on pre-made sites to promote their business. Most of the sites that offer promotions services on their domains, anyway, are expensive or pretends to offer a great opportunity when they are actually very miserable. That is maybe how someone ended up creating a particular site: a site called Shout Wire.

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    Just typing: http://www.shoutwire.com/ on a browser the owner of an agency can find all the visibility that he needs. Why? The reason is very easy, Shout Wire is a site born in the 2009 that just in the 2014 has been visited by 1 million of possible customers. A million of users that were looking for someone who could help them to fix their problems.

    The peculiarity is that Shout Wire doesn't build its partnerships on financial basis or on the payment of a certain amount of money, to be partner of this growing company what you need is just something that you already have: the desire of seeing your business grows creating a group of satisfied customers around you. Joining this company you would become part of a successful group which works day by day to provide a great experience for its customers and its partners at the same time. All that's required to you is to stay motivated and competitive in order to keep high standards.

    Exactly, the partnership is free. Join the company is very simple, you should just send a request completing the form that you can find on the site on the partnership section. Contact the Shout Wire staff and stay in touch with them is very easy too since the site is complete of contacts that you can use for a situation like that. Click here, a website featuring helpful info.

  9. flowers-to-gurgaon

    Flowers are meant to make any celebrations truly amazing and magnificent. You can send flowers to Gurgaon online or in any other place to give a unique look and feel to any celebration. The company is known to deliver fresh fragrant flowers to its customers for occasions like birthday, marriage anniversary, office promotion, farewell and other events. Customers have the freedom to choose any flower types based on their preference and the type of occasion.

    The company has the stockpile of blooming fragrant flowers that are available in multiple colours, floral arrangements and bouquet styles. Customers can choose the flowers such as roses, tulips, sunflowers, daisies, lilies and other varieties that can be delivered anywhere in India and other countries with the support of its express delivery services.

    Avail the flower delivery in Gurgaon, Noida, Delhi and other cities of India and abroad in a time bound manner. Speaking for the development, the company officials reiterated that “Flowers are a part of every other celebration and the company is working to deliver them anywhere to its customers in India and other countries through its express shipping services”. Get the desired flowers at the doorstep from a wide coverage network of express delivery services.

    The company is committed to deliver fresh fragrant flowers to its customers in a time bound manner. It can offer the best flowers that will reach the destination without getting wilted. Customers don’t need to search for any florist shop as people can send flowers to Gurgaon online with this online florist shop.

    So, avail the flower delivery in Gurgaon and other places in India or abroad through the time bound express delivery services.

    A well-known name in the domains of sending online flowers, cakes and gifts delivery to make every occasion truly memorable. The company is capable to deliver the orders anywhere in India and overseas through its reliable express delivery services.

  10. A systematized efforts to teach about the functioning of environment and specifically about environmental issues and its associated challenges.

    Goal of such Education is “Awareness and understanding environmental affairs”

    Want to know how such education is enhanced across the globe? Google trend is one of the best source I have visited. Check my entire analysis on environmental education around the world. Google trend depicts how often a particular search-term is entered relative to the total search-volume across various regions of the world, and in various languages. It shows how popular the search term has been over a time. Such trends are more preferred when compared to just descriptions.

    Check how concern about environmental education is declining. !! (Yes. Topic to be ponder !! )

    1) Down-going in Interest over time

    Problem:

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    You can observe from the above graph that there is a massive decline since 2005 till now.

    Check what kind of international steps are being in flow to cease such issue.

    1) European Union, a recognized leader in most areas of environmental activities is constantly trying to uplift such degradation.

    2) United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), an agency of United Nations (UN) co-ordinates many environmental management training programmes .

    It assist many developing nations in implementing environmental policy.

    3) Many such other institution even promotes environmental science and environmental health that provides an integrated approach to environmental systems.

    2) Country Specific interest at particular period

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    From the above trend, you can see the list of countries who are interested in making their people aware about such education.

    Kenya is among the most concern country on such issues. At Kenya, many programmes are conducted to make people aware like Edmund Rice East African Network programmes, Environmental Education Action Plan and similar other. This may be the reason that more and more people are aware in Kenya.

    Even countries having less awareness programmes are focusing on such action plans to educated their people.

    3) Most related searches

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    This is one of the important feature of Google trend which depicts relevant query search around the world. Not only this, it even shows the most searched keyword by their search volume.

    Above analysis just depicts how less concern we are for nature and environmental related issues.

  11. This year, we have been thinking a lot about how to be more eco-friendly. We know that we can turn off lights when we leave the room, walk rather than taking the car where possible, and avoid products which use a lot of plastic packaging. But what can we do at Christmas time to be better for the environment? Here are some tips.

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    Shop local

    Every product which is imported, from your presents to your tree to your food on the table, has a carbon footprint. If something has travelled overseas then it needs to either fly or come by truck over a ferry, neither of which are great options. In order to reduce the carbon footprint of your Christmas, you can try to shop locally. This will also help to grow your community and support local businesses, which is a great bonus. While you might not have farms supplying everything in your locale, you can at least choose things which have been produced within your country.

     

    Choose your tree

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    Make sure that you are getting your tree from an eco-friendly source if you are buying a real one. You should be able to check how the tree is grown and whether or not it is done in a sustainable way. If you are going the plastic route, buy a tree for life. Don’t throw it away after one year – plan to keep it for 20 or 30. This will offset the carbon cost of making the tree because of the amount of use that you get out of it. When you do get rid of your tree, try to recycle it or donate it to charity rather than just throwing it in the bin.

     

    Send green

    If you have gifts that must be shipped out, then make sure that you do it the green way with PACK & SEND. They have practices in place which mean that your carbon footprint will be reduced by using their services as opposed to a postal service. Think about the way that you package your gifts, too. Do you really need all those layers of cardboard and bubble wrap, or would a smaller parcel work just as well to protect the gifts?

     

    Change your bulbs

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    Make sure that your fairy lights aren’t draining your electric bill and putting a strain on the environment! Pick out a set with more eco-friendly bulbs and both will be improved. LED fairy lights are a good choice as they take less electricity to run and don’t cause any heat, which makes them less of a fire hazard. It’s also fun to sit with only the lights of the tree in the evening and turn off your main lights, which will save a lot of energy! Try to watch your energy usage in general – could you turn off the television and play board games together, for example?

     

    Remove food waste

    When doing your shopping before Christmas, try to be more realistic about what you actually need to buy. So much food is wasted every year because we make such big feasts which are not actually eaten. When you have vegetable leftovers that can’t be used, try to turn them into compost or feed them to a pet. Eat up leftovers where possible. If you can’t get rid of all of your food, you may be able to find a nearby shelter which takes spare food donations.

     

    It’s easier than you think to have a green Christmas. Just think about reducing waste and shopping local, and the rest will fall into place!

  12. Murray

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    There is no doubt that snakes serve an important part in our ecosystem, especially with regards to keeping populations of rats and mice under control. However, there are situations where you wish to restrict the areas they can access, such as chicken coops, dog pens, aviaries and backyards frequented by children. It is therefore important to limit their access in a way that do not harm them or the environment. Several methods of discouraging snakes are being bandied around various forums with everything from old-wives tales to innovative technologies. This post aims to discuss the various options and their effectiveness.

    Keeping it short

    Keeping the grass short is a frequent advice to limit snakes, as the snakes do not like to be out in the open, as they are exposed to flying predators. However, during the warmer months, snakes desperate for water can easily venture over short grass, dirt and paved areas, attracted by the pets’ water bowls.

    Snake Fencing

    As Australia is heading into snake season with the warmer weather, Murray Stewart, owner of The Fencing Store has noticed a significant increase in enquiries for snake proof fencing mesh as people are taking precautions to protect pets, livestock and children from the slithering animals. Murray recommends a fine 6.5mm or 9.5mm square wire mesh that will keep most snakes out as long as the fence is constructed in the right manner. On his website, Murray has added a blog post about a customer who created a snake proof fence for their beloved dogs.

    Setting up snake proof fences is undoubtedly one of the best ways to keep snakes away while not harming the environment, as it keeps the snakes free to roam outside the fencing while not harming them.

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    Naphthalene

    This falls under the old-wives tale category. I read regular forum posts advising to use naphthalene as snake repellent. Naphthalene is an ingredient in mothballs, and it’s scent is supposed to repel snakes. Naphthalene is also a toxic substance as covered on epa.gov. It is not recommended to place this substance out in nature, where it can be ingested by wildlife and cause terminal damage. Besides, studies show that Naphthalene is ineffective in repelling some snakes in the first place.

    Vibration

    Most snakes are wary of humans and larger animals, and sense our presence by the vibration our footsteps make when moving around. If awake, this vibration normally results in most snakes evacuating the area. Dogmaster.com.au retails a solar-powered snake shield, which in effect is a stake that emits a vibrating pulse into the ground, which should deter the snakes without hurting them or the environment. The only negative, is that it might repel the snakes from your shed as well, leaving rats and mice to roam free.

    Liquid snake repellent

    Liquid Fence have created a liquid and granular snake repellent that according to their website works by emitting a scent that “confuses and irritates the snake’s chemosensory systems”, making them look for another place to inhabit. The website further claims that the product is all natural, but at the time of writing, I have not had the opportunity to test it out, so I cannot cast any judgement on it.

    Conclusion

    For permanent areas, I recommend setting up a snake proof fence to keep snakes out. The vibrating snake shield would be a great investment for portable applications, such as camping trips.

  13. You do not need to use chemicals and harmful insecticides in order to get rid of ants in your house. Not only because they can cause allergic reactions or even harm your children, pets, or yourself, but because you have an option of getting rid of ants all by yourself using very simple natural pest control methods. Every day more and more people choose the natural way: healthier food instead of fast food, herbal remedies instead of pharmaceutical drugs, natural prevention instead of potentially dangerous vaccines, and so on. Why don`t we use natural insect exterminators, as well?

    We will show you only five simplest possible methods of eradicating ants in a completely natural way. There is nothing easier than applying these methods. Here is the list of our preferred top five herbal exterminators of ants and other insects:

    1.     Peppermint powder. If you have stomach troubles, drink some peppermint tea; but even if your stomach is fine, take dried peppermint sprigs and leaves, crush them and make a powder. Apply this powder on areas with ants. On the other hand, you can just place dried or fresh peppermint herb on the same areas without making the powder. Actually, put a bunch of peppermint all over your house, since the peppermint and other mint herbs` odor repels ants and all other insects, such as mosquitoes, while it will suit your senses.

    2.     Lemon juice. Another efficient natural pest control agent, which is perhaps even easier to use than peppermint, is a lemon juice. That`s right, a plain lemon fruit. Squeeze the lemon, make a juice, mix with water, and spray it all over the ant infested areas. After that, make yourself a nice lemonade and enjoy.

    3.     Vinegar. Another natural ant exterminator at hand is vinegar from your fridge. Again, mix it with water, make a spray, and apply it. That`s all you have to do. Moreover, use vinegar for cleaning the counters and floor instead of chemicals.  Also, you can use lemon juice for cleaning the dishes. Or better yet, mix vinegar, lemon juice and water, add some peppermint, and you got yourself the best natural ant exterminator and detergent.

    4.     Dish soap. Maybe you have already noticed, but all of these items used for ants and other pest control are already in your own house. Mix your dish soap with water, and spray the solution over the ants. The same thing as in case of vinegar and lemon juice.

    5.     Salt and pepper. More of the kitchen ant exterminators! Just boil water and then add salt and pepper.  Make a spray and apply it on areas infested with ants.

    You could perhaps mix all of the mentioned natural pest control agents and make your own ant exterminator spray. Mix salt, pepper, dish soap, vinegar, lemon juice and peppermint, and put it in a spray bottle. However, if you are not satisfied with these and many other natural methods, or if you become terrified at the sight of too many ants in your house, then call a bug exterminator to solve the problem (http://bugsycal.com/).

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    housewife-882533_1280.thumb.jpg.7fe37a55As everyone is talking about the climate changes, global warming and sustainability, it seems like all “passionate” supporters of the green idea are just talking, but they lack action. But I’m happy that you want to take action and change things for good. If you want to live in a greener, cleaner planet, remember that any change begins within ourselves.

     

    Limit your environmental impact, live a healthier life and save money by following these simple steps.

     

    1. Forget about bottled water. Instead, buy water filters to clean tap water. When on the go, opt for a reusable bottle, preferably aluminium one.

    2. Borrow. Go to the library and borrow the books you want to read, instead of buying them from the bookstore.

    3. Make your own natural cleaners:

    • Usually all the ingredients you need are vinegar, baking soda, lemon and soap.

    • When choosing a cleaning company, hire the one that uses bio detergents in the cleaning process. This company, for instance, works with natural, eco-friendly detergents.

    4. Get out of the car. Reduce the harmful exhaust emissions by walking or cycling to work. In addition to the saved money, you will also improve your health and reduce the risk of obesity.

    5. Save energy:

    • Turn your thermostat down a few degrees in the winter and increase the temperature a few degrees in the summer. This way you will save money on heating and cooling.

    • Replace the old incandescent light bulbs with fluorescent ones.

    • Unplug appliances when not being used, or buy "smart" power strips. They feel when appliances are off and eliminate "phantom" energy use.

    • Instead of machine drying, hang the laundry on a clothesline or on a drying rack.

    • Improve the insulation, install solar panels, upgrade the windows.

    6. Save water:

    • Invest in a low-flow showerhead.

    • Take shorter showers, bathe with warm, not hot water.

    • In the garden, grow native plants which require few and far between waterings.

    7. Use reusable shopping bags. Put one in your handbag, at home, on your desk, in the car, or any place where it would be useful.

    8. Buy smart:

    • Look in thrift stores, garage sales and consignment shops for clothing and furnishings.

    • Buy in bulk. Save on packaging and money.

    • Invest in high-quality products. Paying more now means less frequently replacing of household items, clothes, appliances, etc.

     

    Resources: Worldwatch.org

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    Whether we’re ready or not to surrender more of our sovereignty to the omnipresent influence of technology in our lives, we will soon face another achievement that will have a profound impact on society, the economy and environment.  Within this decade, driverless cars will cruise into our lives and harness our energy expenditures.  The potential impact on our environment and energy efficiency could be unprecedented.

    Driverless Cars Are More Energy Efficient

    Despite an ongoing debate about the various pros and cons surrounding driverless cars, one aspect of them has gained universal acceptance.  According to researchers, current cars greedily require up to 85% of their total gas just to move the steel of the car, as opposed to moving the person.  The advent of driverless cars will usher in a dramatic decrease human error, and in turn, accidents.  This means smaller cars with less need for steel and accident protection.  Gas savings will be enormous and lessen our dependence on foreign oil.  The way we drive will also greatly increase the amount of gas we save.

    Fuel Economy Revolution

    Although no universal agreement has been reached, many industry insiders widely believe that driverless cars will all communicate wirelessly.  Envision a hive mind controlling smart navigation of car colonies across the nation.  Fuel economy will be improved in a variety of ways due to this vehicle matrix.  According to one estimate, cars will save between 20-30% more gas by drafting.  By communicating wirelessly, cars will be able to drive in packs on expressways and interstates, thus reducing wind resistance.  There are also added benefits in regards to parking and intersections.  The need to drive around the block endlessly looking for a parking spot will be eliminated, as cars will communicate to each other about when and where the first spot is available.  Lastly, it’s suggested that cars will be able to coordinate passing through intersections without stopping, thus saving gas by not idling at stop lights.

    Auto Manufacturers Are Green For Go

    Earlier this year, Audi conducted an open road test on a Tampa expressway with Governor Scott riding along.  Besides Audi, BMW, Ford, General Motors, Honda, Infiniti, Lexus, Mercedes-Benz, Nissan, Tesla, Toyota, Volkswagen, and Volvo all are actively researching driverless cars and pouring millions into their respective R&D programs.  Driverless cars will likely be seen on the roads by 2020, but may not be common until 2030.  Additionally, they will likely hit the market with hefty price tags, likely restricting their ownership to companies and the affluent.  Regardless, they will radically alter our economy and society, perhaps starting with teamsters, mailmen, package delivery companies and even pizza delivery drivers.  With absolute certainly, the driverless car revolution has arrived, and brings with it profound benefits for our economy and environment.

     

     Bio: Jason Hall is blogger for Budget.com.au

  14. What is green electricity? What are the types of green electricity and how are they generated?

    The search for alternative energy sources is pointing out to green electricity production as the only sustainable method to power our home, transport system and industries in a future that seems to be only several decades away. This also represents the way to avoid the carbon footprint, a legitimate concern nowadays.

    What Is Green Electricity

    The term of 'green electricity' means electric energy obtained from renewable sources. Green methods refer to obtaining cheap gas and electricity from sources which are friendly to the environment and which can replace the limited fossil fuels. It is cheaper to obtain, highly convenient for small (homes) and large consumers (cities, states).

    Types of Green Electricity

    Green energy types are defined by ways in which power is generated and by its source. Thus, we have the following main types:

    1. Biomass Power

    An effective method is obtaining energy from organic sources, which are renewable. One way is by burning the biomass waste – like the fibre-rich sugarcane residue or hemp. Additionally, common algea is used to make biofuel. Sewage gas is also valued as an energy source.

    2. Wind and Tidal Energy

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    The best known image to illustrate the validity and efficiency of wind power as energy source is represented by the wind farms. These facilities can address the energy demands of communities located in geographical areas that get windy weather on a constant basis. The future looks even more interesting – flying wind farms will be created, in order to harvest power from wherever it is available. On the other hand, tides are much more predictable than wind, which make them truly reliable when generating energy.

    3. Solar Energy

    Although intermittent and rather 'diluted', solar energy is still able to supply small and average sized communities alone. Moreover, solar heaters are great for heating water. There is no use for additional processes, the sunlight is directly converted into energy by the photovoltaic cells in solar installations.

    4. Hydroelectricity

    The hydro-power is not left aside – it's the methods that need adjusting. Current ambitions support installations on fast flowing rivers and streams, or on existing dams, employing approved hydro-electric generators.

    5. Geothermal Energy

    Cheap, cost effective and reliable, geothermal energy depends on the tectonic plates. These small scale systems are great for residences in compatible areas. The natural processes within provide a form of renewable energy that was known to Romans. Geyser regions are very good places to install geothermal power plants or heat pumps. No fuel is required, as the energy is produced directly. A large plant is said to be able to power a whole city.

    6. Waste Heat

    Electricity can also be gained from all the industrial processes that generate heat. Heat is a form of energy and, when harvested and directed, can be used to create electricity. There are no such facilities yet, but researchers are currently working on methods to capture the heat that would otherwise be wasted.

    Green electricity is part of a sustainable economy and lifestyle. Future electricity generation should be too.

  15. If you're a business proprietor and also have considered improving your parking space by means of construction, don't lose sleep over the chance of shutting lower while construction attempts are going ahead. USA Mobile offices gives you ways to maintain your business running, without the need to stop operating completely, and in certain cases, methods to increase your business throughout restoration efforts.

    Temporary Moving

    There's a misunderstanding that throughout construction efforts, your workplace or business needs to shut lower. Although companies still operate, but they may also find methods to thrive. If you're searching for a brief structure, you will find options if this involves mobile offices for rent that will help your company or office stay open. These wide trailer temporary building structures are simple enough to make use of plus they come with a number of layouts, suited for your requirements. The temporary structures happen to be recognized to be utilized by private and public educational facilities throughout restoration efforts.

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    Improve Internal and Exterior Communications

    Your employees might be expecting an extended time off work because of construction, but through the usage of mobile offices your employees shouldn't lose one step. For the way lengthy you'll be consigned to temporary offices, from phone lines and e-solutions must be paid for. Employing communication via im and email via wireless connections is suggested in the interim. Furthermore, alert your patrons of changes happening in your location to ensure that they will not shed negative light in your improving efforts.

    Digital Media Promotions

    Simply because your projects space or store might not look appealing throughout construction efforts, it doesn't mean your internet presence should be either. If you're in the retail industry, getting less people come across the store would be an ideal chance to increase internet sales. For the service industry, hooking up with existing and prospects via internet sites can grow companies by advances and bounds. Starting a great opening event may also be a good idea to ask visitors back making it recognized to the public that construction efforts have ended.

    Plan In Advance

    Acknowledging the situation and preparing in advance can lessen this whole process. Positive techniques include email newsletters, active social networking assets and enormous signs in front of the construction areas notifying where you stand situated.

    If you are searching for a brief location, it does not need to be not even close to your original location. Acquiring a building trailer rental is a great choice to consider not only to oversee improving efforts, but to save cash on leasing out a reasonably costly work place.

    USA Mobile offices provides quality mobile offices for rent for temporary and long-term work place needs. Their mobile offices contain individual modules that may be set up to suit your site's conditions as well as be moved to a different site, if required. They have construction trailer rental models too which gives you ease and satisfaction of affordable rental units that may be put together rapidly with no disruption to your working site.

    Click here, a website featuring helpful info.

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  16. Home owners can save money with green building and make a positive impact on the environment. This is especially in terms of power, water and gas consumption. By making the necessary and simple green upgrades, homeowners can tremendously reduce the amounts of gas, electricity and water required to run their homes.

    To Harvest Rain Water

    While constructing your home, it will be prudent to consider having a system for harvesting rainwater installed. It will both provide more water for your utilisation and enable you cut back on those massive water bills. This system will harvest water during rains and store it in water tanks that can be above or below the ground level. However, for tanks that are below the ground you will have to incur more in pumping expenses.

    This water is then transferred through pipes to washrooms and cold water machine taps. This consequently means that you can use nature's free water for your domestic needs such as for washing machines and in toilets. It saves reduces your expenses and is an eco-friendly process in its entirety.

    Eco-friendly Water Heating Systems

    Technological advancements have now made it possible to utilise the atmospheres heat to directly and efficiently heat your water. You will literally not have to make any effort and your power bills will be on a steep descent. Heat pump water systems absorb the heat from the atmosphere and surrounding. They then multiply this heat numerous times.

    This is similar to the refrigeration technology, hence one can relate. This heat energy is then transferred into the stored water. Highly efficient, eco-friendly and quiet in its operation. To ensure full time operation, they come equipped with back-up electric boosters. It is just as efficient as the solar hot water heating system but doesn't require the panels.

    Better Light Distribution at Lower cost

    This is what energy efficient globes offer. Moreover, they are efficient and have a long life. One can use them in place of the standard incandescent light for both brighter and better light distribution. In addition, they have a longer life in comparison and utilise less power, thus enabling you tone down your energy bills.

    Utilise the Free and Clean Solar Energy

    Photovoltaic panels, commonly referred to as solar panels, when installed obtain the sun's energy and convert it to electrical energy. They can be installed on various locations but the most optimal is where there is maximum exposure to direct sunlight; hence many households have them put up on the roof. The conversion of solar to electrical energy is completely pollution free.

    What's more, the sun is a renewable source of energy. Put simply, installation of the panels is the only cost you will incur. Yet you will be assured of a constant supply of electricity. It reduces your energy bills significantly and being pollution free, does not harm the environment. Moreover, you can utilise it for your demand and sell back some power to the grid.

    All these, and more, incentive can assist home owners in making their homes green. The initial cost should not be a deterrent. Many home builders, like Boutique Homes, Green Home Building, Pulte Homes and many more, offer this "green" deal when building your house. This is as, over time, with all the savings that will be made on the monthly bills, the upgrades will quickly pay for themselves. In addition, the eco-friendly upgrades increase the value of a home. They are the sound investment every homeowner should make.

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    Today more and more people are bothered about our planet. They begin new lifestyle that is called eco-friendly, as they want to save and improve the existing state of ecology. Also, such green lifestyle is beneficial for your finance. You can easily start with energy saving tips! But there are also a lot of the other possibilities going green. Now you can learn them and use in your everyday life.

    Smart Car Use

    If you simply use your car for getting to and from work, you are spending about $26 per week. Instead, you can share the ride with your friends, neighbors or even coworkers. In such way you will save this money and also decrease the amount of cars on the road. There are different websites for connecting people looking for the ride, so you can always plan your trips.

    Cook for Yourself

    You may even not pay attention to the money you spend on eating out. According to the statistic this sum is about $4,000 per year. If you choose to cook at home, you will save much of this money and also have healthy food. You just need to plan meals and make necessary shopping. Also, be attentive with the products you buy, their quality and storage life.

    Borrow, Rent and Freecycle

    There are a lot of things that you don’t use too often. That is why you should think about borrowing them, instead of buying. This will not only save your money, but also space in your house. So, you can also take part in such borrowing movement, if you have things that someone may need.

    Start a Garden

    For most people this can seem a crazy idea, but you can consider growing herbs. Of course, for good garden with vegetables and fruits you will need a lot of space and time. But, you can make a small garden of herbs. For this you will need only a place to put pots and some time to water them. In such way you will always have fresh and healthy herbs not overpaying.

    Make Cleaning and Beauty Products for Yourself

    Cleaning products are used all the time and in every place of your house. You wash dishes, clean your windows, wash clothes – and all necessary cleaners are expensive. Surprisingly, most of them can be replaced with remedies that you can make from vinegar, soda and lemon juice.

    At the same way women can make natural beauty products not using chemicals. Just think about yogurt, avocado, eggs, sea salt and oatmeal – and you can find a lot of recipes for homemade beauty product. This will also be much healthier and cheaper.

    Use the Internet and the Library

    Forget about buying books and newspapers. Today you can find all necessary materials in the Internet and use your eBook to read all interesting books. You can also visit a local library, if you are fond of printed books. Save your money and place in your house just borrowing books.

    Use One Power Cord

    You have definitely already heard that electronics are consuming energy, even when turned off. This means you need to unplug all the devices, when you don’t use them. This can be quite difficult, but with power stripes you can connect all the electronics to one power cord. So, you can simply switch it off, when going out.

    These easy steps can change your life making it more eco-friendly, healthier and also more frugal. Think about possible improvements you can make to your everyday life and you will see the result. As, going greener you will not only improve your health and wallet, but also support nature and protect it from anthropogenic influence.

     

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  17. bg-water.png

    As a nation the Australians have invented a great deal, from the refrigerator to the surf ski. But who would have thought that Australia would also be the home of a car that runs on tap water?

    Well, such was the vision of an amateur engineer who invented a new type of fuel cell that allows almost any car to run on nothing more than water. The revolutionary inventor, known as Joe, envisaged a world where fuel for our cars flowed as freely as water from our taps.

    The invention came about in the 1990s when fuel prices were on a never ending incline . Inventor Joe, frustrated at having to pay high prices for petrol started the process of developing a cheaper alternative. 

    After scouting for some simple parts in a local scrap yard, the Australian experimented on his own car, a V8 Rover, until he eventually invented what was to become known as the ‘Joe Cell’ – an electrolysis cell built from stainless steel pipes that runs on nothing more than H2O.

    During a documentary series Joe revealed he created the configuration by ‘throwing it together in a weird order’ and that he was surprised when he ‘hit the key and the damn thing ran’. According to Joe, the water in the cell needs to be charged but is not consumed and can be affected by a number of factors. 


    Over the past several years, many scientists have invented different versions of water-powered cells. However, unlike the Joe Cell, most of these cells were charged by hydrogen a compound element of water. The Joe Cell, on the other hand, doesn’t involve extracting hydrogen from water, but rather using simple household water.

    Many theories claiming to explain how the Joe Cell works have emerged over the years. Among these is the Orgone energy theory, which attributes the Joe Cell to be an Orgone Accumulator – a device that runs on an omnipresent energy source. While other reports claim the Joe Cell generates a gaseous substance that produces energy when ignited. 

    The lack of scientific verification has meant the Joe Cell has remained highly controversial amongst the scientific community. Some respected scientists have openly condemned the theory as pseudo-science. While some environmentalist groups have herald the Joe Cell as a reputable invention, which could dramatically change the way we consume energy. 

    The Bryon New Energy Charitable Trust have published claims that they have successfully driven a car across Australia on less than two cups of water. The Trust’s founder, Sol Milin, reported to the Bryon Echo Newspaper that the ‘want to find useful power sources for the planet that enables people to power vehicles for free’.  However, the Bryon New Energy Charitable Trust has yet to develop a useful and free source of energy, and in 2012 their reputation was tarnished when Sol Milin was involved in a court case with Dick Smith, founder of the Australian Skeptics

    Due to this uncertainty and scepticism the Joe Cell has become the centre point of many conspiracy theories claiming potential inventors of water powered cells around the world are being intimidated to abandon their research by powerful governments and counter movements. 

    Information for this article was sourced from a posting on the Gumtree blog.

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