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  • Joseph Ramondeli

    Black Friday Promotes Over-Consumption and Waste

    By Joseph Ramondeli

    Black Friday Promotes Over-Consumption and Waste               Every year Thanksgiving weekend is overshadowed by Black Friday and in recent years Cyber Monday as well. Thanksgiving is supposed to be a time when families can get together, even if it’s just for a day or dinner, to talk and reconnect. However every year more American’s are focused on shopping. Stores are now open by 8:00 pm on Thanksgiving Day resulting in people sitting at the dinner table with their families while browsing on their phones for the best deals that they hope to buy in a few hours.  This is just another example of how our modern, technologically advanced society is constantly becoming more materialistic. Aside from Black Friday overshadowing an American holiday and tradition, it is an annual example of how Americans over-consume and by doing so are very wasteful.  A huge fraction of purchased goods during Black Friday and Cyber Monday are things that people don’t need, they are things they think they need. Advertisements and social trends play a big role in the impact of this event (I refuse to call it a holiday) and in our consumption behavior in general.             Companies are tricking and forcing us to buy un-needed goods through the use of planned obsolescence and perceived obsolescence.  Planned obsolescence is disappointing because it refers to how companies purposely make products to only last a few years and by doing so force consumers to by new products from them every couple of years. The most common example of this is electronic devices. Apple creates a new IPhone every year so that once yours break “accidentally” there’s a brand new, more expensive one to purchase as a replacement. Not to mention that such companies stop making old models, forcing you to buy the newest model. On the other hand, perceived obsolescence is promoted by companies but ultimately results from our own social actions. Companies, through advertisements, constantly throw the promotion of new goods in our face. It’s almost impossible to go anywhere or do anything without seeing an advertisement of some sort. These advertisements tend to increase around the holiday season, hence the origin of Black Friday. The main reason such advertisements work is due to the social pressure we put on each other and ourselves. Everyone wants the next new model or brand and once a friend or family member purchases something then we are pressured and attracted to buying it as well. The biggest example of this is the fashion industry, where new trends come and go each season resulting in constant purchasing of new, unnecessary clothing. These companies are clearly getting the better of us based on the success of such events as Black Friday and Cyber Monday.             So why is over-consumption such a bad thing, why should we care if people waste there money on unnecessary goods? It’s simple: overconsumption leads to waste! One of the downfalls to the technological advancements of today’s world is that we create materials that cannot be found in our natural world. This means that when we throw something out in the garbage it will never decompose. Purchasing many of today’s consumer goods is bad enough because most cannot be recycled and will sit in landfills, but over-consumption takes this once step further in that we buy more than we need! We buy new clothes or new phones before our old ones are worn our or broken. By doing so we are creating more waste because we constantly thrown away products that are still functional and contribute the ever-growing amount of waste humanity has created on this planet. In order to help reduce the waste we create of course we should recycle and reuse as much as possible. However, I believe that the creation of waste should be stopped at its source, and that’s our consumer purchasing. Buying less and using goods to there fullest is a sure way to decrease waste. Resisting social pressure and advertisements is key to getting this accomplished. So next year put the phones away and turn the TV off at the dinner table during Thanksgiving, you don’t need them. Joseph Ramondelli  
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  • Mark Piazzalunga

    DESERTEC project, Sahara Sun could power Europe by 2050

    By Mark Piazzalunga

    Sahara desert climate is hot and arid, everybody knows it. So how can this simple and well-known fact become the idea to power a continent like Europe? Let’s start from the principle: renewable energy is the future of energy; we assume that this sentence is true since all facts gets to this point. Second principle: European territory is restricted and allows the construction of a few plants that could use renewable energy. Paradoxically, countries like Africa have renewable sources, particularly solar, in abundance but scarce funds to make the best of these resources. Now find the connection. Is it possible to produce huge amounts of solar energy in Africa and transport them to Europe through energy infrastructures? Apparently yes, according to DESERTEC project developers and supporters. And what is DESERTEC? It’s an initiative of the Club of Rome (a global think tank that has its headquarters in Switzerland) started in 2009. Directly from the official website of the project (Desertec.org): "The DESERTEC concept was developed by a network of politicians, scientists and economists from around the Mediterranean, from which was born the DESERTEC Foundation. Demonstrates a way to provide climate protection, energy security and the development of sustainable energy generation from sites where renewable energy sources are at their most plentiful." In practical terms? Connect renewable energy power plants in Africa to Europe through a network of HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) systems. The Foundation target is to build several renewable power plants of various types (mainly wind, photovoltaic and solar concentration) throughout North Africa. To support the project financially, the Foundation and other 12 companies (including Deutsche Bank, E.ON, RWE and ABB) created an industrial initiative: Dii GmbH. The construction project would continue until 2050 and for that date, the cost is estimated at € 400 billion, which means $ 546,720,000,000, approximately seven times Bill Gates’ fortune. It’s little bit expensive (life on Mars seems cheaper) but the entire network could provide Europe with the 15-20% of electricity that it needs. We must also consider the drastic decrease of pollution, direct effect of the project. This project isn’t just an idea but it seems an accurate and long-term plan. This could be an opportunity to connect two continents and to give them economic opportunities and jobs. There could be some problems like the wars and the instability of some of North Africa countries or how to get all 40 nations to agree to an arrangement for subsidizing the green electricity. There’s also the possibility to build the plants in Europe, just $ 54 billion more, and doing some math it brings to a shocking number: €2 per citizen per year to keep tens of thousands of jobs in Europe -- and to prevent Europe from becoming dependent on foreign countries for its electricity. Well, the project just started and it has the funds to go forward. We can't wait to see the results. Photo from Desertec.org
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  • Megan Bonetti

    Conferencing Climate Change: Teamwork or Tug-of-war?

    By Megan Bonetti

    India. Culture, cows and rubbish. As an Aussie living for a short time in India it is such an intriguing country. Indians love their diverse nation yet they use the streets like rubbish dumps. Even my friends here tell me it’s ok to throw my paddle-pop wrapper out the car window. I can’t… so I just hold it tight and wait till I get home. Growing up in Australia, those ‘emu hunts’ in primary school have willed my littering days away. Yet I suspect that even my household trash bin will just be dumped across the road for the cows to eat or worse still, burnt on the street…for the cows to eat. This is India. Love it or hate it. (#tii) As an Australian social worker volunteering with an NGO in Southern India I witness the large divide between the rich and poor of this incredibly colourful nation. I work with many children whose whole families have had to migrate from various parts of India due to the rapid effects of drought on their land and the significant urbanisation of major cities in the last 10 years. It turns out India has seen a boom in it’s industrial and technological trades a little later than it’s western neighbours and they are loving it. But India’s urban boom is threatened with westerners telling them they have to stop producing and polluting. The earth doesn’t like it. Sorry India…We made our big capitalist bucks, but you don’t get that chance. Just when things are getting good and you’re developing astronomically, your main source of energy is being taken away. It turns out fossil fuels are the cheapest form of energy for the developing world, especially as they try in earnest to develop the same standard of living as we have. So as one the most formidable countries in the developing world, India not only has the pressures of navigating a massive population but also has to figure out how to go green on the cheap. It’s interesting that the Turnbull government has reluctantly agreed on a 5% reduction in carbon emissions in the next five years. “Phew! Glad we got through that one boys.” They wipe their sweaty brows while developing countries are drowning, burning and trying to survive on scant resources. These countries are just trying to make a crust, while Eurocentric nations are slowly turning a baguette into organic multigrain sourdough (and throwing the crusts to their hobby cows). If the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris is truly the last attempt for international cooperation, leaders cannot just show and tell their contribution and sit back with folded arms. But how can mere human individuals promote serious teamwork? This brings me back to the children I work with here in India. Every day their parent’s lives are tied to corrupt building associations. They are bonded labourers—gypsies moving from construction to construction. These families have no hope of returning to their now desolate homeland and are not provided social security measures that protect their livelihood. Then there is India’s neighbour, low-lying Bangladesh, experiencing saltwater intrusion that poisons whole water supplies for entire villages. In our own backyard we see Australian farmers shooting all their cattle only to turn the gun on themselves under the shadow of unprecedented drought. This is human impact. Global warming is not just about penguins and polar bears. Climate change is a social justice issue. We live in a globalised world. The industrial revolution brought us here; and climate change is the consequence. No longer do we just neighbour cities, we neighbour nations. The leaders of Australia must be held accountable to all their neighbours including the ones just trying to keep their head above water. It simply won’t do for wealthy nations, such as Australia, to show the world their own country’s carbon reductions and sit back down. This summit can’t work as a set menu; it has to be a potluck dinner, a time for sharing, understanding and safeguarding. For the sake of our beautiful earth and the many diverse cultures of the human race, this time I hope and pray that the leaders of the world provide a resounding voice for the marginalised. This summit and our government must not stop at figures, but uphold the basic democratic and human rights principles that cradle modern society. The United Nations was created so that man-made and worldwide calamities could no longer grasp our world with such authority. Well, it turns out a world war with Mother Nature is knocking on our doorstep. Will we listen and respond? I hope so.   For more information please visit the below links. They offer great insights into climate change realities and are positive and accessible resources for engaging the conversation. The reality of climate change | David Puttnam | TEDxDublin https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SBjtO-0tbKU India: Climate Change Impacts http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/06/19/india-climate-change-impacts Climate Change and the End of Australia http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/climate-change-and-the-end-of-australia-20111003 The Critical Decade: Climate Change and Health (Australia) http://www.climatecouncil.org.au/uploads/1bb6887d6f8cacd5d844fc30b0857931.pdf GoPro: Climate Change and the Optimistic Future https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sT6jtTtsG_M Paris Climate Conference: COP21 Explained https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1-qd8YCaoQ4 Why is the Paris UN climate summit important? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lnztR5JllA4 Adam asks new PM Malcolm Turnbull on climate change in Question Time https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cqXtKt-Is54 Morgan Freeman's Powerful Climate Change Short Film https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YQIaOldDU8  
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    When it comes to taking care of your roof, nothing is as low maintenance as a metal roof. They are impervious to pests and rot. You don't have to worry about damaged shingles. When installed properly, a metal roof can last upwards of 30 years. Despite the durability of metal roofs however, there are still things you need to do to take care of your metal roof to get the maximum lifespan out of it.

    General roof maintenance tips

    Roofing experts recommend that your roof be inspected twice a year regardless of the type of roof you have. Your roof should be inspected just before the winter weather hits and again once it has passed. These regular inspections identify possible problems before they are serious. Catching them early prolongs the life of your roof and saves your home from serious damage. It's also a good idea to check your roof after every major storm. If you've had hail, heavy rain, or strong winds recently, it's a good idea to just do a walk-around to make sure everything looks sound.

    Problems with metal roofs

    As already stated, metal roofs are relatively easy to maintain, but there are some issues to watch for particularly with metal roofs. Unlike other roofing materials, metal roofs can expand and contract with large fluctuations in temperature. This expanding and contracting can cause problems with the sealant that is used to keep water from getting between the sheets of metal. These sealants are elastic and should last for some time but it is something to watch for, especially if you live in a climate with extreme temperatures. You may have to have the sealant replaced a couple of times during the lifespan of your roof. The expanding and contracting of your metal roof can also cause screws to come loose. Periodically have your roof checked to make sure that the screws are tightly fastened.

    Cleaning your metal roof

    It's important to keep your metal roof clean, and not just for appearance's sake. Allowing dirt and debris to accumulate on your roof can cause water to become trapped on your roof where it can cause corrosion. At least once a year you should clean your roof. Make sure your clear your roof of dirt, leaves, branches, and other debris. Pay extra attention to valleys where leaves and other debris accumulate. Don't forget to clear out your rain gutters as well. Water that backs up in your rain gutters can get beneath your roof and into your home. If you're going to a solution, make sure it's a biodegradable cleaner.

    By properly maintaining your metal roof, it will serve you for many years.

    Home improvement news brought to you by bartonroof.com

    Source: realtybiznews.com/home-maintenance-tips-taking-care-of-your-metal-roof/98725032/

    :) :) :)

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    There’s been a lot of back-and-forth about hybrid (HEV) and electric vehicles (EV) in terms of their benefits to the environment and their monetary benefits, which, to me, was a surprise. My initial thoughts were, “Well how could there even be a debate? Anything to start moving us away from our dependence on fossil fuels, especially our dependence on the oil industry.” My view was idealistic, and I’d say it hasn’t changed. In general it’s a good idea to move away from our irritable, messy oil neighborhood and into a cleaner place where we can breathe. But when buying a hybrid or electric vehicle there are some things to consider if you want to make the most environmentally-conscious decision.

    1. Where Do You Live?

    When buying an electric vehicle one of the main things to consider is where you live. If you’re buying one of the new plug-in electric vehicles, for example, the well-to-wheel emissions are going to differ based on your location.

    Well-to-wheel emissions are the total amount of emissions that result in the effort to power your car. If you’re like me, you live in an area where the majority (%49.61) of electricity is generated through burning coal.

    In this case if I were to buy a plug-in here the annual emissions (62 pounds of CO2) are going to be higher than if I bought a regular EV (54 pounds of CO2) or even a hybrid (57 pounds of CO2). So although that new plug-in might be appealing, the EV or HEV is going to be better for the environment.

    2. What About Your Wallet?

    In the case of hybrid vs fully electric cars there are some variable considerations as well. I checked out this article about the comparative difference in money saved over time, and the basic synopsis is that the fully electric vehicle is going to pay off the difference in price quicker than the hybrid will. By this, I mean a regular car costs less out of the gate, but over time the hybrid or electric saves you money on gas.

    Since you don’t have to pay anything for gas to power an electric, you’re going to make back the extra money you spent faster with an electric than you will with a hybrid. Those figures come from when gas was on average $3.52 per gallon.

    Now that the national average is $2.20 per gallon, my calculations (doing the same type of calculations as the article cited above) show that you would have to drive about 116 thousand miles to make up the price difference between the Nissan Leaf (EV) and the Toyota Prius (HEV), and that’s if gasoline’s average price remains at $2.20. So in this case the HEV is going to be less expensive, and, in terms of well-to-wheel emissions, if you live in a coal-powered area the Prius (HEV) will spew out 57 pounds of CO2 vs the Leaf’s (EV) 54 pounds. In the short term, that 3 pound difference might be enough to tip some scales toward the hybrid.

    3. In the Long Run?

    The EV is the way to go because of the recent regulations on coal emissions, which stipulate that plants have to cut their CO2 emissions up to 30% by 2030. That means EV’s will have to rely less and less on coal-generated power by 2030; if we can move further into an age of wind and solar energy, and as long as EV’s can run longer than 116 thousand miles, you’ll earn your money back and benefit the environment.

    But will consumers be able to look past immediate monetary factors and into the more distant future? The current gas prices make it easier for someone who’s strapped for cash to go out and purchase a high-performing 30 mpg vehicle like the Corolla for about $10K less than you’ll spend on the Leaf. And instant gratification is what got us into this climate change mess to begin with. So let’s hope the long-term benefits of the Leaf, as well as the $7,500 tax credit, can tip the scales as the 2015 auto-buying year plays out.

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    Meeting the Home Buyers’ Demands

    Just the idea of selling a home can be stressful because depending on the condition of the home, you might have to invest more money into than you want to in order to appeal to buyers and sell it for the price you are looking for. Most homeowners end up settling for much less of a profit on their home because they do not want to put money into upgrades when they are just going to sell it. Sometimes it might be worth it just to take a lower offer and walk away, but if you are looking at getting the most out of your home, here are a few upgrades that are appealing to buyers and will guarantee a higher sell price.

    Upgrades that catch the eye

    When selling a home, curb appeal is vital. If the exterior of the home looks like trash, buyers are most likely going to move on. Those who do not move on are going to offer much less than the home is probably worth. So when you are putting your home on the market, improving the exterior is the first project you should consider. According to Improvement Center, homeowners can definitely spruce up the exterior of their home at little to no cost. Clean up the flowerbeds, plant colorful flowers, create a nice walkway with pavers, clean the driveway, and keep the lawn mowed. The difference a mowed lawn can make will surprise you, so do not underestimate the power of a cared for yard.

    Features that draw attention

    Homebuyers are typically willing to spend more on homes that have specific upgrades such as a security system or a deck. These features raise the value of a home as well as appeal to buyers. Security systems create a feel of safety and security as well as lower insurance rates, which opens the door for sellers to ask for a higher buying price. Another way to appeal to buyers as well as add a safe vibe is by replacing the front door with a steel door that is insulated. A new front door will also add to the curb appeal.

    Create more space

    Space is most often the number one selling point of a home, so homeowners who are looking to raise their home’s value should create space where they can. Sometimes that means remodeling a kitchen to open it up, or even adding onto the home to widen living space or create another bedroom or office. Before knocking down walls, however, homeowner should utilize the space they already have such as the attic or basement. Turning the attic or basement into extra living space, bedrooms, or an office is a great way to raise the asking price of the home. Remodeling a kitchen can be pricey, but an investment that is well worth the cost. Next to space, the kitchen is the next highest selling point of a home, and should meet buyers’ needs for space and upgrades.

    Interior Decorating and Remodeling News brought to you by baseboardradiatorcovers.com

    Source: improvementcenter.com/kitchens/home-upgrades-buyers-demand-in-2015.html

  2. Dust in Melbourne can build up from the surfaces of roads, pavements and driveways, causing havoc for the home. Warm, dry weather takes the moisture out of top soil and leaves it liable to blow away in dust clouds over flatland. The dust collects around buildings and addresses making the cleaning of ducted heating and cooling systems extremely important for letting fresh air into the homes.

    Instead of brushing the dust away, where it can collect elsewhere and come back, it should be taken away from the property before it dries or marks paintwork. Dust carried overland by the wind at high speed and can leave dirty marks on white paintwork. The walls as well as interiors is a must to create a good first impression for guests or future property buyers coming up driveways to view your address. This may also mean re-painting badly marked areas and considering other colours which won’t show up top soil quite as badly. Such wall coverings may be terracotta or taking plaster back to leave brickwork exposed. Yet when the possible purchasers enter your property, they shouldn't be repelled by bad smells coming out from a poorly maintained air conditioning system. This is why, if your property is on the market, you should arrange a ducted heating servicing along with the lease cleaning service which comes with every relocation.duststormcity.jpg

    Red soil is synonymous with Australia, but not a common feature in every state and less so in cities or concrete jungles. However, trucks carrying cargo through the outback can bring red soil into depots and deposit dust around cities, so this is worth bearing in mind wherever you live. Most dust stuck onto walls in the humidity can be brushed off gently, but be careful not to remove dirt with wire brushes as this will also take off paintwork or wallpaper. Instead lightly use a soft material duster to minimise the costs of repainting. Avoid using water as this will just smear the dirt and leave a stain where you have cleaned around the dust. Else, a domestic cleaning and air conditioning service in Melbourne is your best bet.

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    When determining to purchase, lease or a forklift you will find a lot of brands, sellers and options that the decision can rapidly become confusing and often lower right difficult. Here are a few easy facts to consider that will help you get deal for the equipment you'll need at the right cost, along with great service after the purchase!

    Capacity The ranked capacity of forklift is the quantity of weight with the ability to lift. Forklift capacity is located on the unit's data plate along with other information. Keep in mind that the higher your lifting requirements, the capacity would decrease. Should you add an attachment this can also effect the unit's capacity. Most capabilities are ranked in a 24 inch load center. Before determining on which forklift to buy or rent, make certain you've got a wise decision of the weights and dimensions of the loads you want to lift. Worthwhile dealer will help you with this as needed. The most generally used capabilities vary from 4,000-7,000 pound models, however forklifts ranges between 2,500-66,000 pounds or even more. The more the unit can lift, the more costly it is. You should understand what capacity unit you require to ensure your job gets done, but that you will get it done securely. Utilizing a forklift with not big enough of the capacity can damage the goods you're lifting and may be potentially deadly to operators and individuals around them.

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    Lift collapsed height Along with capacity, you should also understand how high you need to raise your material and when you've any height limitations. Lift height can be key if you're focusing on projects which require work about the height of 190''. Quad model forklifts model possess a 4th mast, permitting these to lift to reach upto 250" or even more. The collapsed height of a forklift is measured from the highest a part of the lift to the ground, when the forks are lowered completely. This measurement is essential for those who have low doorways or roofs in the building you're working in, or in the loading/unloading trucks.

    Your requirements and application of forklift When choosing a forklift certainly one of the initial questions which should spring to mind is what you would be using the forklift for. What exactly are you utilizing it for: to moving big rolls of paper, carpet rolls, moving logs, piping or stack pallets? The options are limitless. The place you currently doing the primary lifting: in a warehouse, outdoors on asphalt, gravel, dirt, grass, in the forest? The product you're moving and the kind of atmosphere you're working in determines the application. The kind of application you've determines certain specifications in your forklift for example the kind of fuel, tires, and then any accessories you will need. If you're working in an atmosphere where certain safety safeguards must be taken speak to your dealer about specifically safety-ranked models. If you're working outdoors in grass or dirt and also have heavy loads to lift, request your dealer about rough terrain and four wheel models. http://www.theforkliftcenter.com/ is one of the major dealers in all kind of forklifts. Visit their site today. Go here, the following pages with additional information and this source can be used as an example.

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    Have you ever used professional services for your garden? If you have, you probably heard of tree surgery. It's one of the more complicated services provided. And since it's the near end of winter in London, I think you might need this procedure soon.

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    What does an arborist do? These people don't maintain whole forests. They mostly concentrate on individual trees. It's a tough job, because it needs a lot of practice, knowledge to work with the equipment, certificates, be fearless (or at least have head for heights). And why do we need such people? Look outside. What do you see? Bad weather, wind, rain, snow. This could be damaging for the trees and their branches.

    A branch could fall and hurt a person or a property. That's why it's better to take care of the dangerous ones before the accident happens. But it is not only about the branches. A respectful tree surgeon, like a real doctor, can do all kinds of procedures on a tree. From removing the whole plant, to pruning and plastic surgery (crown shaping).

    Arborists can even remove stumps or reduce the height.

    Everything is done with some professional equipment. There are a few types of chain saws. There are safety ropes, hooks, eyeware. Safety always comes first, because you are not only operating with powerful cutting tools, you are using them at 10 feet height, hanging on ropes.

    Let's check every sub-service a little more thorough.

    Crown Reduction

    If you have a small garden, but that big apple tree has grown far too much, you will need a crown reduction service. You will make the foliage smaller and better looking. This way your garden will be more tidy.

    Pruning

    This is not just trimming, but you are keeping your trees healthy. You remove selected parts - branches, roots, to help the growth of the plant. Deadwood removal is one of the most popular segments of this. You are literally expanding the life of your sapling.

    Dealing With Dangerous Trees

    Specially after some winter storms or heavy snowing, trees can become a danger. A branch could easily hurt or even kill a man when falling. And it could cause tons of damage to property. You've probably seen smashed cars and roofs on the news. If you use this service, you will be preventing such events.

    Dismantling

    Here the surgeons remove big trees one part at a time. If you do it the old lumberjack way, the big tree might fall and cause damage to nearby houses. But if you dismantle it, the danger is zero.

    And the biggest bonus in using London tree surgeons is that you don't have to lift a finger. Different companies have different prices, so you make your choice. But it's better to use professionals, because it might be too threatening for you to do it alone.

  3. The new technology that allows vehicles to drive themselves is advancing quickly, however, real changes will be required to laws and society's approach toward the car before such vehicles assume control over the streets later this century.

    The billions of dollars that car producers, high-tech firms and suppliers are spending growing self-sufficient vehicles have put the technology in front of the legitimate and moral structure that should be built up, Markus Auerbach, who heads the San Francisco research office of extravagance car creator Audi AG.

    Various vehicles by now on the roads have sensors that permit autos to inform drivers when they're edging into another path help them with voyage control or even permit them to stop themselves.

    Self-driving vehicles represent a hard test for Audi AG, BMW, Mercedes-Benz and other extravagance automobile producers that have constructed their product status in vast part on driving qualities and the relationship between the auto and the driver. BMW's long-lasting trademark is The Ultimate Driving Machine.

     Mr. Auerbach said,

    “This is completely different behaviour. You have a completely different relationship to a car.”

    The territory will permit testing of self-driving cars on its streets and parkways although any such vehicle is required to have a driver in the driver's seat while it's in movement.

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    Natural lifestyle may be of living today the fresh way; people that are currently turning natural helps by utilizing energy efficient devices minimize carbon emissions. Additionally they do their finest to lessen waste by recycling of wastes. Many businessman also promotes inexperienced routines in their journal genuinely believe that dwelling green may be the method to live. Their thoughts would be to let the same period tell them that it's also thrilling to save lots of the earth and also the globe learn about the environment.

    You will find methods to possess a lifestyle that is natural. It may be simple and cheap but additionally, it may be costly when one truly really wants to be-all inexperienced. This will depend on which you compromise and can provide for the better environment's benefit. Green is actually preserving one in terms of power usage, like utilizing small power lights and switching off abandoned devices. Having energy-saver devices can definitely complement far too. Saving powers or utilizing hybrid vehicles that use bio-fuels will also be a method to decrease carbon emissions but when one truly doesn't wish to create carbon, a bicycle is preferred, irrespective of being healthier it generally does not create carbon dioxide and greenhouse gasses also it doesn't require any type of gas and it is extremely cheap. Utilizing alternate resources of power may be of living today the new pattern; homes are made with technology that is clear. Some homes employ solar power panels or wind-energy to make use of as their supply of energy or energy in this manner durability is achieved.

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    Individuals who market routines that are natural will also be not eager out utilizing material that is reusable, they're revolutionary and imaginative. Fresh issues are worsening; to be able to reduce waste generation, you have to become innovative. People utilizing reusable containers are inspired. Going digital being that they are produced from bushes, when possible is much better. However the easiest way in lowering carbon emissions to assist is trees inventory carbon, by planting bushes and employs it because of its metabolism. But when it's difficult planting type’s yard may also assist but recall to not utilize any type of chemical fertilizers, heading irrespective of being healthier natural is more lasting. Rotting plant litter and utilizing traditional manure like pet dung is preferable to chemical fertilizers.

    Provide a carrier to ensure that utilizing document bags or materials are decreased while buying. There are lots of methods to reside inexperienced without restricting the convenience of dwelling and guard the surroundings. Sharing training others and ideas to protect the environment can definitely move quite a distance. If everybody may reside inexperienced, administration and durability of assets won't be considered a problem. Daily ought to be a chance to conserve the earth and guarding the surroundings is definitely an everyday battle. Itself is restored by the surroundings can't instantly with individuals utilizing it constantly. The natural assets are needed by individuals then it's a prerequisite for people to pay for back what character has provided them.

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    When the pioneers began their migration to the western United States, there was no limit on how many fish they could catch or how big the fish had to be. It didn’t take long for the abundant fish populations to start to decline. In 1870, fish spawning stations began to appear, where fish eggs were collected and hatched. The fish were then stocked back into the waters that had declining populations. Many of these fabric structure spawning stations would eventually become fish hatcheries. In 1871, the U.S. Fish Commission was established, which would become the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services and the National Fish Hatchery System. In 1872, the first federal fish hatchery, Baird Hatchery in California, was established.  

    Today, fish hatcheries can be found in every region of the United States. Some are part of the National Fish Hatchery System, which is a network of field stations that work with local, state and tribal governments, federal agencies, and foreign nations. Its goal is to support the conservation of native fish species. Other fish hatcheries are privately owned and operated. All are important and can fulfill many needs.

    What Fish Hatcheries Do

    Fish hatcheries are used to replace fish that were lost by human influences, such as pollution, over-harvest, dam construction, and habitat loss due to real estate developments, or that were lost to natural causes, such as flood, drought, and habitat destruction. Fish hatcheries are also used for:

    • Repopulating endangered fish species.

    • Providing research on fish disease.

    • Restoring degraded habitats.

    • Provide for the creation of new recreational fishing opportunities.

    Without fish hatcheries, many species of fish would be extinct or endangered, such as the Pacific salmon, diminutive darters, lake trout, native western trout, and striped bass. That is only a partial listing of fish species that National Fish Hatchery System is working with in order to help with their conservation.

    More Than Just Fish Farms

    Fish hatcheries are more than just fish farms. Artificial breeding, hatching, and rearing occur in fish hatcheries, and in many cases, it’s more than just fish. Some hatcheries raise shrimp, Pacific oysters, Indian prawns, and scallops. In many of the National Fish Hatchery Systems fisheries, diverse research is underway by scientists in ecology, botany, fish culture, physiology, statistics, microbiology, and veterinary medicine. That research is also benefitting other species, such as salamanders, insects, freshwater mussels, and many plants.

    Benefits of Fish Hatcheries

    Private and state hatcheries provide many benefits, such as selling immature fish to private landowners for stocking ponds and lakes. For just about as long as we’ve been building farms, we’ve been stocking ponds fish. In addition, many hatcheries provide fish management services so that a balance can be achieved for between the varieties of fish and so each species can reach its full growth potential.

    Fish hatcheries provide other benefits, too, and to many more people than just anglers. Over the ages from hatcheries are often sold as food. According to one study by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, every dollar spent on rainbow trout hatcheries generates about $37 in economic value. There’s other less tangible gains, too. Kids take to the rivers for fat trout raised in a hatchery and later they are watershed conservation advocates. For critically endangered salmon populations, it’s possible that hatcheries may be the only answer to saving the species.   

    The Future of Fish Hatcheries

    There is some controversy over fish hatcheries and fish farms; however, most hatcheries are providing significant benefits to the ecosystem and to humans. There is little doubt that these hatcheries will continue to be part of the U.S. landscape for many years to come.

  4. Windows demand repairs and replacements owing to wear and tear with passage of time. They are subjected to harsh climatic conditions that affect their performance over the years. Damaged windows allow in drafts of cold or hot air, water leaks, etc. affecting indoor temperatures and ultimately leading to high energy bills. This can be controlled by paying close attention to the condition of windows and taking adequate action to make sure that they are back in shape. If a close inspection of your windows reveal that they need to be replaced, here are a few facts that you should be clear about before going about it.

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    Replacement does not mean replacing EVERYTHING!

    When replacing a window you ought to know that only the movable parts are replaced and in most cases the frame remains pretty much the same. The glass, the panes, sashes, etc. and other movable parts depending upon the kind of window are replaced for most window repairs and replacements. Also simply restoring the damaged part like a broken or cracked glass, cracked seal, defective pane, etc. can also serve the purpose and render a window as good as new. 

    It is not advisable to rip of the entire window including the frame as this calls for structural changes that take more time and more expensive and involve a bit of brick and mortar reconstruction as well. However, this option can be exercised in case the frames are extremely damaged and only reconstructing the entire thing will help alleviate the problem. 

    Replacing windows is NOT a DIY project

    It is important for all home owners to remember that window replacement is not a Do-it-yourself project and that it needs professional expertise. Trained technicians from most windows and doors companies have the skill and equipment to deal with such conditions in the most professional manner. Trying to mend windows on your own account is wastage of time and other precious resources. 

    Research well before choosing a service provider

    There are many big names of windows and doors companies around and it can be pretty daunting for home owners to choose one. Conducting exhaustive research on each of them and comparing their services as well as prices will help decide whom to choose. Reputed brands are always good to work with but they are more expensive than the rest. Also ask for referrals from friends and neighbors. 

    Ascertain cost of replacement and create budget accordingly

    Replacement of windows can be quite a pricey affair. However this largely depends on which brand you choose, what kind of window you install, whether it is partial or whole replacement, etc. Compare prices of various companies to arrive at an approximate figure and create a provision accordingly.

  5.  

     

    It has been calculated that an overwhelming number of over 93 million 159-litre oil barrels are consumed on a daily basis all around the world. By recent estimates, by 2090 world reserves of fossil fuels will be significantly diminished. We will not run out of fuel completely as new reserves will probably be found, however it is important to consider everyday fuel consumption especially if one is working within transportation industry.

     

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    Driving style

    When you take a closer look at driving methods, inspect the routes carefully, and keep an eye on the truck, fuel savings can easily be found. First of all, sudden speed changes such as quickly slowing down or speeding up require the engine to work harder and, as a result, it needs to burn more fuel. In order not to force up the engine excessively, it is a good idea to drive as smoothly as possible and observe speed limits. Another thing is to choose the most convenient and at the same time the shortest route which has the fewest stop lights so that you can drive undisturbed for miles. Considering current fuel prices implementing fuel-saving strategies can also bring huge savings in the financial department, so it is worth to give them a try.

     

    Truck aerodynamics

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    It's no secret that the more weight you carry, the more fuel your truck consumes due to disturbed aerodynamics. An environmentally conscious driver should understand that it is crucial to remove all excess baggage, useless tools, broken or unnecessary parts, and fancy headache racks and go for simple vehicle efficiency upgrades such as wheel-well covers and trailer flaps. Moreover, the tires should always be inflated to recommended PSI as rolling resistance has a huge impact on aerodynamic efficiency as well.

     

    Regular maintenance

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    Not only the way you drive takes its toll on fuel consumption, but it is also the condition of the truck that matters, so if you want to be more eco-friendly driver, remember to conduct regular truck maintenance. Transportation companies and truck rental firms such as Abel do pay special attention to regular inspections. For individuals who struggle with car maintenance it is recommended to install a special reminder manager app or set up recurring calendar notifications. It is crucial to check the oil regularly, add and change it when needed. Also, replacing air filters can significantly cut down fuel consumption and reduce the emission of toxic fumes. Whenever you notice that any part of the truck is not working properly, it is better to inspect it carefully than to cause excessive and, let's be honest, unnecessary increased fuel consumption.

     

    Convenience

    People get accustomed to the good things pretty quickly. However, many drivers forget that seat warmers, fans, defrosters and the AC run on gas, too. And the latter is said to be the biggest fuel-consumer of the pack. Many of these options turn on automatically, so try to monitor them carefully and use only when necessary. Some drivers claim that also frequently opening truck windows disturbs its aerodynamics which can contribute to increased fuel consumption. Of course there are days that resigning from any form of heating or cooling will pose serious health hazards, however it is worth to keep in mind even the smallest channels of fuel waste.

     

    With growing concern about the planet's well-being, no wonder many truck drivers look for ways to minimize the impact their vehicles have on the ecosystem. Millions of trucks cruise the world every day and with efficient driving strategies and implementing simple routines truck drivers can significantly contribute to slowing down the climate change.

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    When energy bills get too pricy, resignation is no solution. There is always something one can do to reduce costs. While things are rather simple for homeowners, it becomes much more difficult for entrepreneurs to figure out how to reduce those costs effectively, without compromising the

    business.

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    The following will reveal how to make energy bills more manageable when running a company or organization. This doesn't only cut down the costs, but also have a beneficial impact on the environment, slowing down climate change.

    Reducing Standby Power

    Appliances like TVs and computers are too often left in standby mode. They get to consume energy. This even happens with mobile phones connected to the source after they're charged. The total costs of such negligence can make up to 20% of the electricity bill, as seen in some companies. Educate employees on this matter and ensure that all computers, lamps, etc. are turned off once the working day is over.

    Minimize the Heat Transfer

    Company buildings have many, often large, windows. These represent a medium through which heat easily escapes. To stop spending so much on heating, look for energy efficient window types to install. As much as 30% of the generated heat can escape through inappropriate windows.

    Solar Panels and Water Heaters

    Roofs are good for solar panel, but also for solar heater installation. The water heating technology has made important steps forward. The weather could be a downside, so one should be aware of it when taking a decision. However, if there's regular sunny weather, you will greatly benefit of the solar water heaters. Companies that use water heating in their manufacturing process have reported notable savings when they switched to this method.

    More Efficient Air Conditioning/Refrigeration Systems

    Company quarters and production spaces are often in need of cooling systems. These are also important when transporting certain goods. Unfortunately, the energy consumption is big. You can reduce it by investing in more energy efficient systems.

    IceCOLD for refrigeration works great. It is a solution that, when added to a refrigerant, helps cool the air faster. It also protects the equipment. This is said to be 20% more efficient than other systems. Given it protective qualities and the cooling speed, IceCOLD will make the equipment run for less time. When it's not on, the system is not using electricity. This also helps it last longer than systems that are in use all the time.

    Choose Materials Wisely

    Does your business need certain materials to function and produce? It could be mining for metals, cutting trees for wood, and so on. For every well-known material there is an alternative one that's usually easier to obtain. Consider going for other sources that require less energy consumption.

    If at least some of these methods are implemented in a company, the changes will soon be noticed. It could take under one year to observe a significant drop in energy consumption. For solid results, the responsible ones should be aware of all the processes, the materials used, and the work style of their employees.

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    Efficiently doing your job when you move from one home to another, will not only save you time and money, but it will also undoubtedly spare your nerves. What are the characteristics of an efficient move? Read on and find out for yourself.

    Prepare a List!

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    A list is the very first thing you need to create before your moving day has even come. It is essential that you do so, because having so many things on your head, and not being able to fall back on a sheet of paper that has everything you need, spells disaster. The list in itself must be clear and informative, be sure to have a page or a column for every room, that way you'll be sure that nothing is misplaced and that everything is going to plan. This will be your safety net, the neater it is, the better it will dampen your fall.

    Boxes, boxes, boxes!

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    There are stores that will sell you moving boxes, or you can also nicely ask your local grocer, they have an abundance of them that are not needed. Moving companies also have boxes of their own, and some rent out or sell them beforehand, so you are all set when the moving day comes. Regardless of how you acquire them, they are the backbone of your operation so make sure you get some sturdy ones, that way they won't fall apart.

    To be extra careful, put the clothes that you plan on keeping, in plastic vacuum sealed bags, suck the air out and place them in sturdier boxes to ensure that there will be no moisture dampening them. Wardrobe are what most moving companies use to move large quantities of material around. They are tall and wide wooden boxes and they are probably one of the most efficient ways of doing it. You can neatly arrange everything, like a tettris game, to make sure that nothing will be loose and be broken during the drive. If you are doing the moving yourself, you can still call a moving company and rent out such a box, or if you are hiring be sure to mention that you want one.

    Dealing With Fragile Things!

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    Bubble warp, while a very effective ally when shipping goods, it alone cannot save your precious china. It used in accordance with a smart arrangement of the boxes and their contents will save you many tears over the shattered heirloom. When dealing with plates wrapping each individual one is quite time consuming, and although it might seem like it would work, it is more harmful you might think. The key word here is friction, a lack of it during a sharper turn in the van, might send some of the contents of those boxes flying out or rattling against one another - this leads to breaking. Rather warp several in one package, but be sure to place a piece of paper between them, preferably a double ply kitchen paper, this will have extra friction and make sure that you don't lose aunt Margy's wedding gifts. Wrap 4-5 plates in a two layer bubble wrap and there you go.

    Color coordinate!

    There are ways to be even more efficient. People quickly learn to associate colors with certain things, be smart about it and use different duck tape to seal the boxes of different rooms. That way you won't have to read what each box says, but you will know which for which room is designated. Red for kitchen, blue for bathroom and so on and so on. Such supplies you can get from hobby shops and even a regular corner store.

    Can't be bothered?

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    Several moves later and you simply don't feel like going trough it again all by yourself? There are professional movers that are really good at their job. Utilize their services if you simply don't feel like doing it again. They will take care of everything written mentioned above and a lot more.

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    Different pests like insects, bugs, cockroaches, termites and many more invade your property and cause harm to you and your family. Some notorious pests like termites can severely damage the structure of a house. Hence, it is necessary to find effective ways to address this household problem. The most common method of pest control is use of chemical pesticides. Using these chemicals can be effective up to some extent. However, in the long run they can pose some serious threats to mankind and the food chain. In recent times, the use of safe and poison free pesticides has been on the rise as people have become more aware of safeguarding environment and nature. The organic pesticides are becoming more popular as they make plants and crops healthy and have no side effects.

    Unfortunately, the chemicals inside the pesticides are harmful and toxic to humans and animals. The residue found in these chemicals contaminates water, soil and air, thus affecting entire food chain. Human’s health can be seriously affected if they are exposed to it for a long period. According to studies, some serious threats of chemical pesticides are as given below.

    • Parkinson ’s disease

    • Alzheimer’s disease

    • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    • Cancers

    These chemicals also affect our respiratory, reproductive and endocrine systems. Pregnant women have a higher risk of miscarriages or defective births if they are exposed to these pesticides for long duration. Children might suffer from asthma and develop learning disability. Since they have so many negative effects, it is best to avoid them and look for other options. There are many natural pest control options available like tea tree oil, garlic oil and other essential oils. Many pest control companies like Pest Control in Sydney offer effective methods to eliminate harmful pests.

    There are many options to substitute use of harmful chemical pesticides.

    1. Homemade natural pesticides

    As a homemaker, you certainly are conscious about saving money and using cost effective methods to control pests. Tea tree oil, oranges, garlic oil and other essential oils can be used to repel pests. Some people also use alcohol, salt, flour or garlic in their home to eradicate pests.

    2. Environmental friendly pesticides

    Using environmental friendly solutions to eradicate pests is an easy option. The important factor is that it should be used in correct quantity and at correct times. A good example is use of rotenone for eradicating bees. It should be applied at during the evening when the bees are less active. All earth and human friendly pesticides are good for health and environment. Using non-chemical substances to eliminate pests is a good approach to keep your home safe.

    3. Ultrasonic waves

    Another option is to use ultrasonic pest repellent. These units can be plugged into the wall electric socket. They emit ultrasonic waves that humans or most pets cannot hear. However, rodents can hear them and thus they will repel away from your house. It is a clean way to pest elimination and you can use it anytime you want.

    4. Biological pest control

    Another safe way of eliminating pests is by using biological pest control. The organisms called as predators can be used to eliminate the pests. These predators can be unleashed on the pests and these predators will eat them up. For example, if aphids are creating problems at your home, you can use predators who feed on aphids rather than spraying hazardous pesticides.

    Thus, there are many safe and environmental friendly methods to eliminate pests. However, pest control is a long-term job and you will need patience for it.

    Author Bio

    Daniel has been working with Pest Control in Sydney for the past few years and is a professional blogger too. Here he is sharing information on use of environmental friendly pest control methods.

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    Student life typically doesn’t give financial stability, so you can’t afford solar panels or driving a hybrid car. But there are still environmentally friendly options you can use, while being on a budget. Implement the next everyday habits to change your attitude to environment and become a green student.


    Recycle
    Studying requires you to use a lot of paper. Whether you are writing your lectures, making notes or homework, printing out necessary material, you need a lot of paper. So, if you want to save the environment, make electronic notes when it’s possible. Today it’s really easy even to make audio records of lectures, and make Internet bookmarks to collect important material. When you can’t avoid using paper, make sure you recycle it. Almost all colleges have special paper recycle bins. Make sure to utilize all used paper, as well as bottles and cans.
    Along with using electronic notes, you can make use of essay review online. This quick professional service can help you with your homework, so you can use the free time for more important things.


    Buy Vintage
    Visiting second-hand and vintage shops, you can get more advantages than you can even imagine. At first, you save a lot of money not buying brand clothes. Secondly, this way you have a unique wardrobe and will never meet a friend in the same T-shirt. Eventually, you can take care about nature, as no new items are produced. Try to avoid creating carbon emissions and pollution. Now you understand what a great impact your actions can have. A simple choice like shopping second-hand can make a difference.


    Use Old Textbooks 
    Being a student you definitely deal with elder students who can sell you used books. You can also sell the book back after the semester. This makes you saving not just your money, but trees as well. Also, pay attention to the variant of using an electronic version of your textbooks. Some professors can give you special resources where you can find necessary materials. There are numerous ways of using old books even after graduation.


    Unplug Electronics 
    Most people think that electronic devices don’t use electricity, when they are turned off. Unfortunately, this is a great mistake. Appliances are sucking power when they are plugged into outlets. Of course, when you don’t use them, they use less power, but they still use it. In order to use less electricity not wasting money you should unplug each device, which you don’t need to charge.


    Save Water
    Remember that water is a treasure. However, it can be “recycled” if you use water filters and treatment facilities. You might have never thought, but using more water, you increase the usage of these facilities. Thus, the energy to run these facilities also depends on your water usage. So, you can simply turn off water when washing hands and brushing your teeth.


    Use Public Transport 
    People drive their cars way too often. If you are a 10 minute walk from a necessary place, don’t use your car. You can walk or ride a bicycle. This is much better for environment and your health as well. When you can’t avoid using a car, try to drive in economical regime, not exceeding the speed limit. Also, you can open your windows instead of using the air conditioner.


    Go Vegetarian
     You might have never bothered about the idea of being vegetarian. So, you don’t know that greenhouse gas emissions are produced by meat production more than by transportation of all kinds. This is why eating meatless diet at least some days a week can make our planet cleaner. 


    In our modern world people need to think about environmental problems as we all can watch radical changes on our planet. The responsibility starts from you. Try to go green and change your life a bit to make a great change to nature.
     

  8. For the very first time in Germany’s history, clean power is supplying nearly all of its power demand, making a milestone for the “Energiewende” policy of Chancellor Angela Merkel which aims to boost renewables and eliminate dependency on fossil fuel and nuclear energy. Just recently, the country’s renewables supplied 45.5 gigawatts of the 45.8 gigawatt demand, according to an energy consulting firm in Berlin, Agora Energiewende. Power prices dropped during periods of 15 minutes, going as low as -$57 (50 euros) per megawatt hour based on Epex Spot’s data.

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    European countries are building more and more renewable capacity to lower carbon emissions and increase supply security. More and more energy consulting firms are being hired by companies who want to become energy efficient. In 2015, Denmark’s wind farms provided 140% of the demand. In the United Kingdom, no coal-fired power stations were used for roughly 4 hours on May 10th.

    Bloomberg’s analyst for New Energy Finance, Monne Depraetere, said that it is events such as these that show that at some point in the future we may begin limiting due to an oversupply. This may eventually provide a case to create technologies that will help manage such oversupply including energy storage and inter connectors.

    Germany’s shift to clean energy has gripped coal margins while increasing cost for consumers in the biggest power market in Europe. The increased clean energy flow have also put pressure on the grid and now Germany is considering excluding some regions from wind power auctions in the future if local grids are already having a difficult time keeping up with the high volume of renewable energy supplies.

    According to Depraetere, although Germany used 100% renewable energy for a day, it’s unlikely that the current generation will see a 100% supply of clean energy.

    Meanwhile, Europe’s clean technology industry overall has fallen into a fast decline and last year’s low carbon energy investments have plummeted to a record low.

    In 2010, Europe comprised 45% of the global clean energy investment but in 2011 after peaking $132billion, the EU investment dipped by around 50% with just $58billion invested in 2015.

    Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF)’s chairman of the board, Michael Liebreich, stated that the global financial crisis is partly to blame. However, he also pointed out that policymakers also made their share of mistakes and they collectively created a boom-bust cycle by first showing strong support for renewable energy and then rowing back due to their fear of the costs of subsidies.

    Manufacturers in EU have also suffered. They were once the world leader in solar panel manufacture and now they no longer have any companies that belong to the top 10 globally. Jobs have been lost and in Europe, employment in PVs have fallen to over a third. The future of clean energy technology is still uncertain in Europe and in most parts of the world however, awareness still continues to grow among the general population. 

  9. With the recent foul weather we had in Sydney area, now meteorologists are promising some dry and sunny spells. This will give homeowners the perfect opportunity to see to their gardens and sort them out before spring planting begins.

    The torrential rain brought flooding to many areas in NSW and a number of properties were severely affected. But once residents have dealt with the cleaning up process, many by taking advantage of the free green waste removal service, offered by local councils, and once the floodwater has subsided from waterlogged lawns that have a good drainage system, people can now start thinking about improving their outdoor space.

     

    Commonly, city gardens have certain similarities in their design, when it comes to some popular recreational features. There are the patio area and the barbecue corner, the beautifully maintained lawn and the nicely laid flowerbeds. Some avid gardeners may have opted for installing a focus water feature or a fountain, others favour an aesthetically designed rockery or a carefully arranged shrubbery.

     

    Depending on how pro people feel about “messing” with their gardens, they may attempt to have a go themselves at designing their outdoor space. Those, who feel that they are at a beginner’s level, may be more modest with their efforts and not dare be adventurous with their planting until they have read every guide or gardening book, which offers easy tips and ideas.

     

    Whether you feel confident or not, there is one improvement that anyone can do in their yard, because it is not only pretty to look, but also renders practicality and functionality within its concept, especially when we are confronted with a drenched lawn after days of heavy rainfall and stormy weather. Moreover, it is a gardening job that is perfect for doing in the winter, when there is less stuff to do outside.

     

    The Garden Stepping Stones

    There is a plethora of design ideas on how you can use stepping stones in your garden, in order to improve its look and add a functional purpose to the plan.

     

    The pathway

    The stepping feature can be integrated with an already designed pathway. Whether the slabs are fixed firmly within the gravel path, or they are hammered in directly into the lawn, the execution of such project requires a little bit of a know-how.

     

    The Gravel Path

     

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    Tiles and Pebble square feature path

    Combining different materials, such as terracotta tiles and colourful pebbles will give your backyard an abstract look.

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    So next, I would like to carry on with my list by featuring some fast and easy stepping stones ideas that only require the strength of your muscles, because one just has to plonk the natural stones, tiles or granite slabs onto the designated area on your lawn. This method is the best and the fastest solution to a problem with a sodden and soggy ground in the wet weather that we have had so far. The stepping stones are also easy to maintain and clean, as a quick sweep and the occasional pressure washing will be enough to keep your garden focus feature in the spotlight.

     

    The Path

    A natural stone path looks very attractive, especially when it is made of different sized stones.

     

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    Another idea for creating a practical and functional pathway, is to use man-cut slabs that could be placed on a gravel ground or directly on the lawn.

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    The Patio

    A freestyle patio can be effortlessly constructed with very little fuss. It gives a quirky look to your garden and offers also a practical solution, as it can prevent a grass-free ground from turning into a muddy slush in the rain.

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    The Random feature

    Randomly laid slabs of stone, which follow no particular geometrical pattern, are also a great solution to drenched lawns in the winter.

     

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    The Border feature

    Small stones can be placed together in square or rectangular shapes around shrubs or flowerbeds to form a neat and handy border.

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    The list of ideas is endless and if one employs their creative mind, they could make wonders in their garden and design a stepping stone feature that conveniently serves its purpose, when the weather is rather wet.

  10. I dont think so that you are not aware about cartoon characters. I think you all have seen cartoon and you know most of them. I am here to show you the top 10 list of these cartoon characters. Hope you will remember your old days to view these characters. and hope you will enjoy watching all of them . If you like them please dont forget to comment about them. For more details please visit my article here.

    1. Bugs Bunny

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    2. Mickey Mouse

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    3. Homer Simpson

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    4. Fred Flintstone

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    5. Charlie Brown

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    6. Tom and Jerry

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    7. Popeye

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    8. Wile E. Coyote

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    9. Garfield

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    10. Rocky and Bullwinkle

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    Eco tourism is tourism that is designed to make sure that when one travels to a new place, one does so without creating problems for the environment. In general, eco tourism is a process where people can visit the world in a loving and intelligent way. Many countries have worked to help make eco tourism a possibility in their nations. In the small Middle Eastern nation of Dubai, eco tourism has become a real practice, one that travellers everywhere should welcome and embrace fully.

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    One of the most important things that natives have done to encourage eco tourism is to make sure all newly built houses and other kinds of construction such as hotels are eco friendly. In many instances, newly built houses and hotels are designed to work with the intensely hot Dubai climate. The Dubai region often gets a lot of heat and very little water. Designers and builders have worked with scientists and urban planners to help create structures that provide shade and coolness without using too much water or energy. Many new area buildings in Dubai are built with high tech materials that allow the building to absorb heat when necessary and use it to provide power for the residents living there. A lot of these buildings are being blogged and written about as they are much more eco friendly and are setting a great example for the rest of the country and world to follow.

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    The Dubai government has also aimed to help residents and visitor’s alike work to reduce their use of non-renewable energy sources such as oil and other fossil fuels. The Dubai government actively encourages people to make use of sources of power such as solar and wind power.

    The government encourages those visiting the region to embrace the area's natural culture and attractions. To that end, tourists are welcomed into activities that work with area attractions. For example, desert hikes are highly popular here. Desert hikes allow people to go camping and hiking in the local mountains. They also encourage people to go snorkelling and scuba diving off the coast of the city, in an area where people can see many kinds of wildlife in their natural habitat. These areas are located just outside the city and make an easy day trip for many people visiting the region. Visiting here allows the traveller to participate in efforts to help maintain the natural beauty of the area's classic desert landscape.

    Eco tourism can be a great way to see the world. Visit Dubai knowing that you will have many opportunities to be an eco tourist here.

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    Most business owners have been put off by the idea of environmentally friendly business. It sounds expensive, it sounds like a lot of work and they believe that business has no benefits from switching to green practice. All these reasons not to “go green” are common misconceptions that have nothing to do with reality.

    As a matter of fact, making your business green help both your business and the environment. This practice contributes to your employees’ health and well-being, increases productivity, reduces your company’s bills and saves you a large sum of money.

    Let’s see 5 most affordable and efficient ways to make your business green.

    1. Switching to compact fluorescent and LED lights

    Although compact fluorescent bulbs cost more than incandescent bulbs, they are the easiest way to switch to a more energy efficient home and office. If you use them on a regular basis, you can expect visible money savings. Compact fluorescent bulbs last up to 12 times longer than incandescent bulbs and use much less energy.

    Although LED lights haven’t been popular due to their high price and narrow light beam, the development in LED technology has solved these issues. Today, they are the most cost-effective bulbs and soon, they will be even more popular than compact fluorescent lighting. Also, they do not contain toxic substances such as mercury.

    2. Recycling and reusing

    In the office, most people just toss their papers and plastic cups into a trash bin, without even thinking about reusing them. Do not let this happen again - ask around whether your community has a recycling program and encourage your employees to think green. Designate a “reuse” area where the employees would check in before ordering new supplies.

    Introduce additional green measures, such as: reusing envelopes, refill pens, tape dispensers, cardboard boxes and other office supplies when possible. Always purchase recycled ink cartridges, recycled paper products and used office furniture. Stop using paper and plastic cups and use porcelain mugs instead. You’ll see – the savings will be dramatic.

    3. Going paperless

    You can make your business almost completely paperless, in just several easy steps. Investing in the right technology may be expensive at the beginning, but it will surely pay off later. Buy a multifunctional device for your office, such as a photocopier which can fax, scan and print documents.

    Inspire your employees to use all advantages of web-based applications. Most of them are free of charge (basic accounts). They allow team members to communicate with each other, share files, take notes and track different phases of projects (Basecamp, Trello, Dropbox, Evernote, Google Drive and so on).

    Also, it would be wise to hire transcription experts to type all your recorded business meetings, delivering them via email or any other means of file transfer.

    4. Using green cleaning products.

    After the working hours, most offices are thoroughly cleaned and vacuumed. Unfortunately, most of the products which are used in the process are toxic to both people’s bodies and the environment. Even seemingly harmless products that are used by the employees (dish and hand soaps, bathroom fresheners etc.) may be harmful if they are full of cheap and aggressive ingredients.

    Think about your employees ’ well-being – switching to green products will result in their (and your) improved health, less allergic reactions and better working conditions. Buy biodegradable and organic cosmetic and cleaning products that reduce exposure to toxic ingredients. There are lots of stores that sell such products and they are not necessarily more expensive than the regular ones.

    5. Installing water recycling system

    Plastic bottles of water may be recycled - but why generate such a waste? In the US alone, there were 32 million tons of plastic waste in 2011. Only a part of such huge waste can be recycled. The other part that can’t be recycled still poses a great threat to the environment.

    If you don’t want to partake in such terrible pollution, don’t buy bottled water for your employees - install a water filtration system in the office instead. The water in the office will be clean and fresh. More importantly, your business will save a significant amount of money as you are doing a good deed for the environment.

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