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  • Mark Piazzalunga

    DESERTEC project, Sahara Sun could power Europe by 2050

    By Mark Piazzalunga

    Sahara desert climate is hot and arid, everybody knows it. So how can this simple and well-known fact become the idea to power a continent like Europe? Let’s start from the principle: renewable energy is the future of energy; we assume that this sentence is true since all facts gets to this point. Second principle: European territory is restricted and allows the construction of a few plants that could use renewable energy. Paradoxically, countries like Africa have renewable sources, particularly solar, in abundance but scarce funds to make the best of these resources. Now find the connection. Is it possible to produce huge amounts of solar energy in Africa and transport them to Europe through energy infrastructures? Apparently yes, according to DESERTEC project developers and supporters. And what is DESERTEC? It’s an initiative of the Club of Rome (a global think tank that has its headquarters in Switzerland) started in 2009. Directly from the official website of the project (Desertec.org): "The DESERTEC concept was developed by a network of politicians, scientists and economists from around the Mediterranean, from which was born the DESERTEC Foundation. Demonstrates a way to provide climate protection, energy security and the development of sustainable energy generation from sites where renewable energy sources are at their most plentiful." In practical terms? Connect renewable energy power plants in Africa to Europe through a network of HVDC (High Voltage Direct Current) systems. The Foundation target is to build several renewable power plants of various types (mainly wind, photovoltaic and solar concentration) throughout North Africa. To support the project financially, the Foundation and other 12 companies (including Deutsche Bank, E.ON, RWE and ABB) created an industrial initiative: Dii GmbH. The construction project would continue until 2050 and for that date, the cost is estimated at € 400 billion, which means $ 546,720,000,000, approximately seven times Bill Gates’ fortune. It’s little bit expensive (life on Mars seems cheaper) but the entire network could provide Europe with the 15-20% of electricity that it needs. We must also consider the drastic decrease of pollution, direct effect of the project. This project isn’t just an idea but it seems an accurate and long-term plan. This could be an opportunity to connect two continents and to give them economic opportunities and jobs. There could be some problems like the wars and the instability of some of North Africa countries or how to get all 40 nations to agree to an arrangement for subsidizing the green electricity. There’s also the possibility to build the plants in Europe, just $ 54 billion more, and doing some math it brings to a shocking number: €2 per citizen per year to keep tens of thousands of jobs in Europe -- and to prevent Europe from becoming dependent on foreign countries for its electricity. Well, the project just started and it has the funds to go forward. We can't wait to see the results. Photo from Desertec.org
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  • Joseph Ramondeli

    Black Friday Promotes Over-Consumption and Waste

    By Joseph Ramondeli

    Black Friday Promotes Over-Consumption and Waste               Every year Thanksgiving weekend is overshadowed by Black Friday and in recent years Cyber Monday as well. Thanksgiving is supposed to be a time when families can get together, even if it’s just for a day or dinner, to talk and reconnect. However every year more American’s are focused on shopping. Stores are now open by 8:00 pm on Thanksgiving Day resulting in people sitting at the dinner table with their families while browsing on their phones for the best deals that they hope to buy in a few hours.  This is just another example of how our modern, technologically advanced society is constantly becoming more materialistic. Aside from Black Friday overshadowing an American holiday and tradition, it is an annual example of how Americans over-consume and by doing so are very wasteful.  A huge fraction of purchased goods during Black Friday and Cyber Monday are things that people don’t need, they are things they think they need. Advertisements and social trends play a big role in the impact of this event (I refuse to call it a holiday) and in our consumption behavior in general.             Companies are tricking and forcing us to buy un-needed goods through the use of planned obsolescence and perceived obsolescence.  Planned obsolescence is disappointing because it refers to how companies purposely make products to only last a few years and by doing so force consumers to by new products from them every couple of years. The most common example of this is electronic devices. Apple creates a new IPhone every year so that once yours break “accidentally” there’s a brand new, more expensive one to purchase as a replacement. Not to mention that such companies stop making old models, forcing you to buy the newest model. On the other hand, perceived obsolescence is promoted by companies but ultimately results from our own social actions. Companies, through advertisements, constantly throw the promotion of new goods in our face. It’s almost impossible to go anywhere or do anything without seeing an advertisement of some sort. These advertisements tend to increase around the holiday season, hence the origin of Black Friday. The main reason such advertisements work is due to the social pressure we put on each other and ourselves. Everyone wants the next new model or brand and once a friend or family member purchases something then we are pressured and attracted to buying it as well. The biggest example of this is the fashion industry, where new trends come and go each season resulting in constant purchasing of new, unnecessary clothing. These companies are clearly getting the better of us based on the success of such events as Black Friday and Cyber Monday.             So why is over-consumption such a bad thing, why should we care if people waste there money on unnecessary goods? It’s simple: overconsumption leads to waste! One of the downfalls to the technological advancements of today’s world is that we create materials that cannot be found in our natural world. This means that when we throw something out in the garbage it will never decompose. Purchasing many of today’s consumer goods is bad enough because most cannot be recycled and will sit in landfills, but over-consumption takes this once step further in that we buy more than we need! We buy new clothes or new phones before our old ones are worn our or broken. By doing so we are creating more waste because we constantly thrown away products that are still functional and contribute the ever-growing amount of waste humanity has created on this planet. In order to help reduce the waste we create of course we should recycle and reuse as much as possible. However, I believe that the creation of waste should be stopped at its source, and that’s our consumer purchasing. Buying less and using goods to there fullest is a sure way to decrease waste. Resisting social pressure and advertisements is key to getting this accomplished. So next year put the phones away and turn the TV off at the dinner table during Thanksgiving, you don’t need them. Joseph Ramondelli  
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  • Megan Bonetti

    Conferencing Climate Change: Teamwork or Tug-of-war?

    By Megan Bonetti

    India. Culture, cows and rubbish. As an Aussie living for a short time in India it is such an intriguing country. Indians love their diverse nation yet they use the streets like rubbish dumps. Even my friends here tell me it’s ok to throw my paddle-pop wrapper out the car window. I can’t… so I just hold it tight and wait till I get home. Growing up in Australia, those ‘emu hunts’ in primary school have willed my littering days away. Yet I suspect that even my household trash bin will just be dumped across the road for the cows to eat or worse still, burnt on the street…for the cows to eat. This is India. Love it or hate it. (#tii) As an Australian social worker volunteering with an NGO in Southern India I witness the large divide between the rich and poor of this incredibly colourful nation. I work with many children whose whole families have had to migrate from various parts of India due to the rapid effects of drought on their land and the significant urbanisation of major cities in the last 10 years. It turns out India has seen a boom in it’s industrial and technological trades a little later than it’s western neighbours and they are loving it. But India’s urban boom is threatened with westerners telling them they have to stop producing and polluting. The earth doesn’t like it. Sorry India…We made our big capitalist bucks, but you don’t get that chance. Just when things are getting good and you’re developing astronomically, your main source of energy is being taken away. It turns out fossil fuels are the cheapest form of energy for the developing world, especially as they try in earnest to develop the same standard of living as we have. So as one the most formidable countries in the developing world, India not only has the pressures of navigating a massive population but also has to figure out how to go green on the cheap. It’s interesting that the Turnbull government has reluctantly agreed on a 5% reduction in carbon emissions in the next five years. “Phew! Glad we got through that one boys.” They wipe their sweaty brows while developing countries are drowning, burning and trying to survive on scant resources. These countries are just trying to make a crust, while Eurocentric nations are slowly turning a baguette into organic multigrain sourdough (and throwing the crusts to their hobby cows). If the 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris is truly the last attempt for international cooperation, leaders cannot just show and tell their contribution and sit back with folded arms. But how can mere human individuals promote serious teamwork? This brings me back to the children I work with here in India. Every day their parent’s lives are tied to corrupt building associations. They are bonded labourers—gypsies moving from construction to construction. These families have no hope of returning to their now desolate homeland and are not provided social security measures that protect their livelihood. Then there is India’s neighbour, low-lying Bangladesh, experiencing saltwater intrusion that poisons whole water supplies for entire villages. In our own backyard we see Australian farmers shooting all their cattle only to turn the gun on themselves under the shadow of unprecedented drought. This is human impact. Global warming is not just about penguins and polar bears. Climate change is a social justice issue. We live in a globalised world. The industrial revolution brought us here; and climate change is the consequence. No longer do we just neighbour cities, we neighbour nations. The leaders of Australia must be held accountable to all their neighbours including the ones just trying to keep their head above water. It simply won’t do for wealthy nations, such as Australia, to show the world their own country’s carbon reductions and sit back down. This summit can’t work as a set menu; it has to be a potluck dinner, a time for sharing, understanding and safeguarding. For the sake of our beautiful earth and the many diverse cultures of the human race, this time I hope and pray that the leaders of the world provide a resounding voice for the marginalised. This summit and our government must not stop at figures, but uphold the basic democratic and human rights principles that cradle modern society. The United Nations was created so that man-made and worldwide calamities could no longer grasp our world with such authority. Well, it turns out a world war with Mother Nature is knocking on our doorstep. Will we listen and respond? I hope so.   For more information please visit the below links. They offer great insights into climate change realities and are positive and accessible resources for engaging the conversation. The reality of climate change | David Puttnam | TEDxDublin https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SBjtO-0tbKU India: Climate Change Impacts http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2013/06/19/india-climate-change-impacts Climate Change and the End of Australia http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/climate-change-and-the-end-of-australia-20111003 The Critical Decade: Climate Change and Health (Australia) http://www.climatecouncil.org.au/uploads/1bb6887d6f8cacd5d844fc30b0857931.pdf GoPro: Climate Change and the Optimistic Future https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sT6jtTtsG_M Paris Climate Conference: COP21 Explained https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1-qd8YCaoQ4 Why is the Paris UN climate summit important? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lnztR5JllA4 Adam asks new PM Malcolm Turnbull on climate change in Question Time https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cqXtKt-Is54 Morgan Freeman's Powerful Climate Change Short Film https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YQIaOldDU8  
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    There are strict rules about how you can get rid of your old appliances on this planet, and it would certainly be frowned upon if you just opened your door and tossed out your old fridge freezer. The same cannot be said in space, however.

    On the record, NASA says that it likes to minimise the amount of junk it deposits into space, but the reality is that sometimes the only thing to do with equipment is to toss it away. In recent years, for example, ABC News reported how astronauts based on the International Space Station took out their rubbish by throwing it out into space. Clay Anderson used his very first spacewalk to toss away a camera mount weighing 212 pounds and an ammonia tank which weighed no less than 1,300 pounds.

    At NASA's Disposal

    He perched himself at the end of the International Space Station's robotic arm and then simply threw away the unwanted equipment as he was orbiting the Earth 220 miles over the south Atlantic. At the time, he promised Mission Control that he would be mailing them a bill for his ‘space trash disposal’ services.

    NASA does try to keep down the amount of trash it gets rid of into space, but sometimes there are few other options, especially when huge items are involved. There are questions that need to be answered before something can be tossed overboard, however, including whether it would be safe for the astronauts and the space station, whether it would pose a risk for other orbiting vehicles and whether it would pose any potential danger for the Earth and the people on it.

    The practicalities also have to be considered. In the case of Anderson and his Russian comrade Fyodor Yurchikhin, it certainly took a bit of planning and agility to get rid of the equipment that wasn’t needed anymore. It is believed that the tank tumbled away from the International Space Station at a rate of around three feet a second. 

    The Biggest Trash Can in the Universe

    There is a long history of space junk being thrown out into the abyss, and many of the items would make even a huge commercial refrigeration unit look like a speck of dust. In 2006, an unwanted spacesuit was packed with rubbish from the space station and cast off, along with its own transmitter. You can read about SuitSat at http://science1.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2006/26jan_suitsat/, and it is believed that a newer version is now being developed. This item joined an estimated 13,000 items of junk, each one measuring in excess of 30 feet long, currently orbiting in space.

    It is thought that there are another 100,000 smaller pieces of trash, measuring from one to ten centimetres, along with millions of other even smaller pieces orbiting right now. This may not seem that much considering the vastness of space, but it would take just one small object travelling at thousands of miles per hour to cause catastrophic damage to a shuttle or the space station.

  1. Jonny

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    brexit

    If you haven't heard of Brexit then you are probably living under a rock. Most of the financial world was rocked this Friday as British voters decided to leave the EU. The pound dropped to it's 30 year low, and American stocks tanked as a result.

    What it means for small businesses is that there is likely to be some ripples across the pond," said Richard Williams, director for regulatory studies at George Mason University. He also believes that some of the ripples, at least, could be good for American businesses.

    A deep dive into why the EU referendum ever happened was British frustration at Brussels. Brussels is where all EU regulation is written and decided. A lot of British small business owners were fed up with choking regulation that made it hard to smart and maintain a business. I'm sure small business owners in America can relate.

    The hope is that US Congress will see the signs and perhaps reconsider some business-killing regulations that they are either considering, or have already passed.

    There is also a definitive downside to Brexit for a lot of American businesses unfortunately. A lot of analysts are worried about what the affect will be on Europe's economy as a whole. With an already weak economy, it won't take a lot to stall growth and put most of Europe into an economic recession.

    JJ Kinahan, a strategist at TD Ameritrade, believes that the weak markets in Europe could easily transfer over to the US. When such a huge economy starts to stumble, the effect is usually felt worldwide. As Europe buys less, many US companies sell less, and the result is a worldwide recession.

    As a small business owner in America it would be a good idea to understand the driving forces behind the world markets. There are a few key points to watch on the US stock market, that if broken could signal a long economic downturn. Technical analysis teaches us that if the S&P 500 breaks below a certain number this year, markets will likely tank as sentiment turns bearish. That point is about 182. As long as markets can stay above that key figure, chances are that our economy will recover relatively quickly.

    As a small business owner there are a few ways to react to current conditions. One is to adjust your audience. If you are focusing on Europe and England in your sales efforts, it may be time to start looking elsewhere. The pound has lost a lot of value in the last 76 hours and buying just became a lot more expensive. Looking at the euro, there is a good chance of the same happening.

    The best thing you can do, however, is not focus on Brexit. As a small business there are millions of things to worry about and stress over. Chances are decent that Brexit will not affect you as much as you think, and there are definitly things to worry about more.

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    If animals and nature are your passion, then environment work is for you. It is indeed a good possibility. You can satisfy your passion and get money at the same time. Besides the joyful feeling of the own contribution to the Earth preservation. So how do you get a dream job in the area? It is equally difficult for the qualified candidates as well as for the people without proper training or education. The first thing to remember: job searching is a big deal and it requires a clear plan. And also a lot of effort, time and energy. Here are a few tips for that.


    Social Networking Is a Friend


    All of us should remember about the extreme importance of the social networking. It is a huge advantage but only if using it right. Researchers proved that LinkedIn is the most popular network for the recruiters to search for a fitting candidate. Because of that LinkedIn profile plays a significant role and it is worth to make sure it plays into your hands. For the powerful and appealing profile, it is advisable to address to the LinkedIn profile building service for professional help. 


    Crucial Point of the Resume


    Many CVs stay without the wanted attention because of the very important detail. People give a description of their working experience considering worthy to mention the only name of the company, position, and work responsibilities. But it is not enough. What comes first are results. Namely, what have you done for the company? Which of the actions made me useful and indispensable? Just occupying the position doesn't mean someone was good at it. Written job results make the resume outstanding and memorable all at once. 


    Create Personal Brand


    Unfortunately, it doesn't mean posting a selfie every day. In creating a personal brand social media do big work but using them carefully and in an intelligent way is a key. If someone wants to land an environmental or green job, he should create a certain image of him. Social media should reflect that image. Showing what you care about makes a dedicated and passionate candidate. And just posting and reposting about environmental problems is not enough. Showing what you are doing about it makes a difference. Photos can help with that. If you are photographing nature, post photos. Going hiking? Again, show it. Actions always are more valuable and believable than words.


    Volunteering Is a Work Experience


    Well, formally it isn't but many recruiters consider so. Although there is no pay, it doesn't mean there are any benefits. Volunteering in numerous organizations shows the high interest in the area, which in its turn gives grounds about the job seeker's reliability. Besides this, it is a matter of practice. Volunteering is testing of the ideas in the field environment. And it shows that you are not looking for the royal road and ready for the not so pleasurable circumstances. It gives a recruiter a hope that you will not run away after the first work days. And one more profit from the volunteering is a possibility for the building connections. And connections open many doors.


    Always Learn


    Conservation career requires knowing about the latest and breaking news of the environment. Therefore it is highly essential keeping oneself in check. Luckily, out there are many choices. It could be TED talks or YouTube videos of the experts. It could be a scientific magazine as well. Even research papers won't hurt. Another great alternative is different workshops and training. Most of them are open for everyone, regardless of the education.

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    Building and construction waste removal has become a very expensive part of the building industry, due to targets and taxes set by governments and agencies with regards the reduction of waste making its way to landfill sites across the country. Waste material can be generated during renovations, new construction and demolition of buildings, roads and other structural items. They include bricks, concrete, soil, masonry, rock, wood, paving material, glass, plastic, aluminium, tree stumps and much, much more. Some of these materials can be re-used or recycled while others are considered hazardous and need to be disposed of responsibly.

    There are two ways a construction company can reduce their builders waste removal costs and that is by re-using and reprocessing materials on site or by purchasing recycled materials or products as opposed to using more expensive new items. There are also a few simple questions that need to be addressed. How will waste materials that cannot be re-used be stored until disposal or is there an outside agency that can make use of them? Is there adequate time for sourcing the appropriate materials and will there be enough available? Can any demolition or excavation materials be re-used on site?

    Let's look at a few of the ways money can be saved by re-using and recycling building materials:

    • Re-using excavation materials on site - Delivery of bulky materials, often from a great distance can be very expensive, especially when compared with the cost of re-using what is already available on site. Some of the ways this could be done are improving the soil quality by adding compost, stabilising soils with hydraulic binders or by ensuring the cut and fill balance is accurate.
    • Processing material left after demolition on site - Equipment can be hired that will crush material into usable aggregates that can be applied for filling, capping, sub-base layers or hardscaping needs during the construction process.
    • Purchasing recycled aggregates - it may be cost effective to purchase materials that have been recycled if there are not the facilities available on site to recycle.
    • Remediating contaminated soil - it is often preferential and cost-saving to correct excavated soil rather than importing new and disposal of the old.
    • Some of the most typical items that can be re-used are: plumbing fixtures, doors, cupboards, windows, air conditioning equipment, fireplaces and other stonework. Once cleaned up and retreated they can be given a new lease of life.
    • Materials that can be recycled, either on site or off include metal, wood, asphalt, paving slabs, concrete, roofing materials, corrugated cardboard and plasterboard.

    Recycling and reusing building materials not only provides a cost saving on building waste removal, for the construction company. It reduces greenhouse gas emissions and pollutants by reducing the need for the extraction of raw materials and there is no need for shipping costs. It conserves the space in landfill sites. Because fewer raw materials are required energy is saved and environmental impacts reduced. New employment opportunities are created in recycling industries and money is saved by construction companies. All in all recycling and re-using building materials is win win all round.

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    1. Shop at second-hand stores. 
    2. Use reusable bags and containers.
    3. Shop items made of recycled materials.
    4. Always dispose garbage properly, sort recyclable and compostable products and empty the contents into labeled containers.
    5. Buy products which are reusable, returnable or refillable.
    6. Buy in bulk, not individually wrapped items.
    7. Purchase liquid cleaning products, windshield washer fluid and antifreeze in concentrated forms.
    8. Compost food and yard waste. Food leftovers, tea bags, tree leaves and trimmings can be stored in a compost bin.
    9. Reduce the amount of promotional mail in your letter box. Ask for online invoicing.

    Thank you!

  3. Maneesh

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    Drones have always been into a limited field of army and defence but slowly and steadily it has entered the mainstream. Now these smart bots are being used everywhere from conservation to photography, the uses of these drones have widened its horizon.

    But there are pros and cons attached, let’s take a walkthrough of how the drones have affected the environmental factors, and are this camera robot a threat or it’s just a mere robotic machine flying in the air.

    Drones and their Uses –

    Well if we have a strong understanding of how drones are being used, it gets easy to conclude on the pros and cons. The Defence system proved the monitoring abilities of this machine when further this camera bot was used, the spectacular aerial images opened new horizons for its usage. Now photographers and videographers are among the avid buyers of this gadget. The continuous use of aerial photography and monitoring opened gates for new ways of conservation and protection. The wildlife, agriculture and energy projects have started using drones.

    The more it is being used in different sectors the debate over the pros and cons have begun, so let’s have a look, how are these drones impacting the environment.

    Agriculture – The farmers have started relying on the robotic vehicles in order to collect information and take actions accordingly. When a drone identifies a type of weed growing in a specific area that area is then sprayed with a pesticide that helps in unnecessary usage of pesticides in the field.

    Wildlife - Monitoring and keeping a check on the wildlife animals and plants is now an easy business. Now at very cheap costs and with almost no manual task-force wildlife conservation tasks can be taken care of.

    Energy Plants – Maintaining big machinery, how to check if they are functioning properly, what are the areas that got affected and so forth. But with this little camera vehicle, almost all are problems being solved.

    Pros

    Low Cost – If used effectively then this vehicle will be a cheaper option than other alternatives.

    Accuracy – Unlike the old and traditional ways of surveillance, drones are accurate and require minimal staff. They are quiet and vigilant machines that give an accurate information.

    Longer Operational Hours – Humans can be saved from continuous long work duties because these flying vehicles will enable to look/spy/watch for longer hours.

    Life Saving- Spying or keeping an eye becomes an easy affair via losing any life.

    Aerial mapping & Monitoring – These little vehicles are best for aerial photography and videography, they are ideal and with a 5 kg drone you can easily fly for several hours and get exquisite images.

    Disaster Relief – In difficult times, drones act as saviours and are perfect for surveillance and providing aid to the affected zones and the people.

    Wildlife Protection – This little vehicle is able to capture pictures and videos of hard reach areas, which plays a crucial role in conserving the environment.

    Sustainable Agriculture –  UAV’s are now more precision agricultural instruments and are at a quick speed replacing a lot of old school methods. It is now becoming an invaluable tool for farmers.

    Cons

    Limited Abilities - Yes, no matter how much we talk about them, some manual actions are always needed to give directions to these gadgets.

    Easy to operate – The easy operations of the drones are making it an accessible mode, which will be a concern ion near future.

    Drone Strikes – Drone strikes and munitions are sad to be harmful to public health because of their chemical content.

    As we look towards the advances of the growing usage of drones and affordable prices we are sure to see more of these flying machines. There are cons but better benefits quick deploy, clear images and with upcoming technological advances, we can see a win-win situation for these UAVs.

  4. As geoengineer promoters enter Trump organization, arranges progress to shower sun-reflecting chemicals into environment 

    A ring around the sun, is seen over Fort Lauderdale, Fla., Friday, May 17, 2002. The corona is an uncommon impact on the sun brought on by a layer of ice precious stones in the environment refracting light from the sun. Photo: Lou Toman/AP 

    Harvard engineers who launched the world's greatest sun oriented geoengineering research program may get a hazardous lift from Donald Trump, ecological associations are cautioning. 

    Under the Trump organization, excitement has all the earmarks of being developing for the dubious innovation of solar geo-designing, which expects to splash sulfate particles into the air to mirror the sun's radiation back to space and diminishing the temperature of Earth. 

    At some point in 2018, Harvard engineers David Keith and Frank Keutsch plan to test showering from a high-height expand over Arizona, keeping in mind the end goal to survey the dangers and advantages of arrangement on a bigger scale. 

    Keith crossed out a similar planned experiment in New Mexico in 2012, however reported he was prepared for field testing at a geoengineering discussion in Washington on Friday. 

    "The setting for talking about sunlight based geoengineering research has changed considerably since we arranged and subsidized this gathering almost one year back," a discussion instructions paper noted. 

    While geoengineering got little support under Obama, abnormal state authorities inside the Trump administration have been long-term advocates for planetary-scale control of Earth frameworks. 

    Donald Trump's initial 100 days as president – day by day refreshes 

    Perused more 

    David Schnare, a modeler of Trump's Environmental Protection Agency move, has campaigned the US government and vouched for Senate for elected support for geoengineering. 

    He has required a multi-stage plan to reserve research and lead certifiable testing inside year and a half, send gigantic stratospheric splashing three years after, and keep showering for a century, a term geoengineers accept would be important to dial back the planet's temperature. 

    Geoengineers contend that such strategies would be a cheap approach to diminish an unnatural weather change, yet researchers have warned it could have calamitous results for the Earth's climate frameworks. 

    Logical demonstrating has shown that stratospheric splashing could definitely shorten precipitation all through Asia, Africa and South America, bringing on serious dry spells and debilitating nourishment supply for billions of individuals. 

    "Obviously parts of the Trump organization are extremely eager to open the way to heedless plans as keith David, and may well have unobtrusively given the gesture to outside analyses," said Silvia Riberio, with innovation guard dog ETC Group. "Worryingly, geoengineering may develop as this present organization's favored way to deal with a worldwide temperature alteration. In their view, constructing a major lovely mass of sulfate in the sky could be an immaculate reason to permit uncontrolled fossil fuel extraction. We should be focussing on radical outflows cuts, not risky and vile technofixes." 

    A White House provide details regarding environmental change research submitted to Congress in January required the first run through ever for research into geoengineering. 

    Inside Republican positions, previous House speaker and Trump partner Newt Gingrich was one of the first to begin freely supporting for geoengineering. 

    "Geoengineering holds forward the guarantee of tending to an unnatural weather change attentiveness toward only a couple of billion dollars a year," he said in 2008, preceding propelling a geoengineering unit while he ran the conservative research organization American Economic Enterprise. "We would have a choice to address an Earth-wide temperature boost by remunerating logical advancement. Bring on American resourcefulness. Stop the green pig." 

    US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson has additionally seemed to bolster geoengineering, portraying environmental change as a "building issue." ExxonMobil's subsidizing of the atmosphere refusal industry is under investigation by lawyer commanders in the United States, yet it's less outstanding that ExxonMobil researchers under Tillerson's rule as CEO were driving designers of geo-building innovations like carbon dioxide evacuation. 

    Gotten some information about answers for environmental change at an ExxonMobil shareholder meeting in 2015, Tillerson said that an "arrangement B has dependably been grounded in our convictions around the proceeded with development of innovation and built arrangements." 

    "We are not unalterably dedicated to doing the test," said David Keith on Friday. "We're going not far off of doing that, yet relying upon what a counseling panel says and what we realize in fact we're positively ready to stop. Our long haul objective is to construct a practical exertion in sun based geoengineering research that permits us to say more in regards to ways it may really give open advantage." 

    Faultfinders like Riberio call attention to that the individuals who don't trust in human-initiated environmental change may even now bolster geoengineering, which can be exhibited as a strategy to manage the results of a warming planet without halting the consuming of fossil powers. 

    The Harvard test may contradict a ban on geoengineering embraced in 2010 by the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, which was reaffirmed in December in Mexico. The United States is one of only a handful couple of nations to not approve the UN tradition, making a potential escape clause for tests. 

    The examination's site in Tucson, Arizona may likewise summon issues of jurisdictional debate with Mexico – stratospheric winds can explode to 200 miles for each hour, and the outskirt is just 75 miles away. 

    Other geoengineering tests like cloud whitening may proceed in the United States, and also tries bolstered by the administrations of China and Russia, however both are signatories to the UN ban. 

    sanjay baghela author at dissertation proposal writing

     

     

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    As consumers learn more about the importance of sustainable living, more homeowners are turning their attention to eco-friendly projects for their homes. As demand increases so does supply and there are many in the construction industry seeking for eco-friendly solutions to help consumers live sustainably. One of these solutions which has been growing in popularity is metal roofing.

    The rise of metal roofing

    When you look at all the benefits of metal roofing, its easy to see why it's become so much more commonplace in America. Metal roofs are some of the most durable roofs you can find. They can withstand the most fierce weather including heavy rain, snow, hail, and strong winds. In addition to holding up against the weather, they're impervious to other things that threaten most roofs such as fire and pests. Because they are so durable and easy to maintain, they benefit the environment in a number of ways.

    Energy efficiency

    One of the major ways that metal roofs can help the environment is by saving energy. Metal roofs are considered cool roofs because they reflect the suns rays back up into the atmosphere rather than absorbing them like dark roofs (such as asphalt shingle roofs) do. According to a study on different roofing materials at the Oak Ridge National Labratory, cool metal roofing was the most effective at reflecting sunlight. The research also suggests that cool metal roofs could even lower the ambient temperature in urban areas by reducing the urban heat island effect. In warmer climates, metal roofing can be a huge advantage because not only do they lower cooling costs, but they are conserving that energy to be used elsewhere.

    Longevity

    When a roof is replaced, most homeowners don't give a thought to what happens to their old roof. Usually, the old roof ends up in a landfill. The more often a roof needs to be replaced, the more waste that's going into landfills. Another major advantage to metal roofing is that it can last 2-3 times longer than an asphalt shingle roof. That means 2-3 times less waste. Combine that with the fact that metal roofs require very little in the way of maintenance and you begin to see why so many homeowners are beginning to switch to metal roofing.

    Recyclability

    Of course no roof lasts forever and even a metal roof will need to be replaced eventually. Unlike other roofing materials that usually end up in a landfill, metal roofs are highly recyclable. Most metal roofs already consist of up to 40% recyclable materials to begin with. But 100% of the metal roof can be recycled once the roof is replaced. That means that old roof can be turned into a new roof for someone else or into something else. Where it won't end up is in a landfill.

    Home improvement news brought to you by bartonroof.com

    Source: triplepundit.com/2014/08/metal-roofing-unlikely-way-reduce-waste-save-energy/

  5. There are numerous renewable solutions for water conservation that are easily implemented by businesses and in residential areas. Five renewable solutions for water conservation include:

    ·         Rainwater Harvesting

    ·         Dedicated residential water containers

    ·         Energy efficient water-saving sprinkler systems

    ·         Water conservation monitoring systems

    ·         Green landscaping initiatives
     

    Rainwater Harvesting

    Harvesting rainwater is not a new idea. It has been around for centuries in rural and urban areas where water supplies tended to be less abundant. The Mayans built their entire agricultural economy on this concept. Rainwater harvesting, as the name implies, is simply rain water collected and reused for farm crops and landscape purposes. Today's rainwater harvesting systems are adapted for commercial, industrial and residential use. 

    Many new structures include a rainwater harvesting system to reduce the cost of municipal water supplied to homes and buildings. Water is collected into rainwater harvesting systems from moisture in humid indoor air and roof and gutters. This water is transferred through a filtration system to an underground storage tank equipped with a pump and an outlet for reuse of collected water. New York City has over 140 of these rainwater harvesting systems.

     

    Dedicated Residential Water Containers
    In many residential areas, homeowners purchase water containers to collect rainwater. This is similar to large municipal water tanks seen in most every town. The difference is the size. Dedicated residential water containers are generally conical or horizontal tank shapes. They hold from 500 to 2400 gallons of collected water and are made from polypropylene or plastic. Some are attached to exterior residential structures or are built indoors in a basement, depending on the sources from which water is collected.
     

    Energy Efficient Water-saving Sprinkler Systems

    An energy efficient sprinkler system is cost-effective and the biggest benefit is a renewable solution to conserve water. Recent developments in technology have improved the efficiency of sprinkler systems in both energy consumption and water usage.  For example, Smart Rain’s Smart Controller can detect weather patterns and turn off sprinklers when precipitation makes watering redundant. The Smart Controller also detects broken sprinkler heads or irrigation lines. This prevents unnecessary waste of water, and can result in 15%-30% savings and possibly tax benefits. For larger water sprinkler needs in farming and large landscaping, drip systems can save 30,000 gallons of water per year or more.
     

    Water Conservation Monitoring Systems
    In many municipalities, water conservation monitoring systems are used to gauge overall water volume conserved through local water saving initiatives. Some of these are "remote" monitoring systems for greater vigilance. 
     

    Green Landscaping Initiatives
    With the growth of the professional landscaping industry, green landscaping initiatives include training in water conservation from one landscaping project to the next to ensure cost-effective, timely residential and commercial landscaping.

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  6. Ever since people started realising the need of keeping the environment clean and healthy, that’s when the concept of using reusable shopping bags came into existence. There was a time when people used to use paper bags for carrying their essentials, but then came plastic bags. Well, now people do understand the dangers plastic bags bring with them, hence efforts are being made to cease their usage. The best solution to both of these varieties is these bags. Yes, canvas shopping bags do rectify all the flaws posed by paper and plastic bag, and undoubtedly these bags are here to stay. These bags are durable, sturdy, and capable enough to bear heavy weights. Here is why you should use these bags.

    Because Canvas Bags are Eco-Friendly

    Canvas bags are loaded with several benefits. Not that these bags are long-lasting and durable, these do not harm the environment as well. How? The answer is quite straightforward and simple. These bags can be used for a long period of time, unlike plastic and paper bags. In this way, lesser amount of waste is produced. And that is not where the benefits of these bags end, these are biodegradable as well, so no need to regret if you get bored with one of your previously favorite canvas shopping bags. But do keep in mind that you need to use these bags for quite a long period of time in order to recompense their extensive carbon footprint and hazard to the environment.

    With the increasing demand, canvas bags bulk are available in various stores of the market. To give a tough competition to paper and plastic bags, these bags are available in different variants and hues. Ladies are often seen flaunting their beautiful canvas bags on the streets. So, what are you waiting for? Grab one for yourself today to keep the environment clean, green, and healthy.

  7. When it comes to dirty jobs, there aren't many as challenging and dangerous as roofing. There are a lot of hazards when it comes to repairing and installing roofs. Despite the dangers however, many roofers continue to do the work day in and day out because it's what they love. Here's a look at some of the hazards roofers face every day.

    Heights

    The obvious first danger any roofer faces is the risk of falling. When your primary work environment is one to two stories off the ground, that's always a concern. If you have a fear of heights, roofing is not the job for you. And if it isn't already bad enough, most residential roofs have at least some slope to it. The combination of sloped roofs, and working two stories in the air can be a deadly combination. Every year hundreds of roofers end up falling. Roofers learn pretty quick to be constantly aware of their surroundings and to know where they are in relation to the edge of the roof at all times.

    Weather

    Another hazard roofers face every day is the weather. It isn't always 70 degrees with a calm breeze. In summer months temperatures can easily reach triple digits. With the hot sun beating down on them and reflecting off the asphalt shingles, roofers may feel as though they are working in an oven. Heat stroke, heat exhaustion, and dehydration is a major concern for roofers in the summer. To deal with extreme heat roofers will work early in the morning and later in the evening when the temperatures are lowest.

    Summer isn't the only season when roofers have to worry. Cold winter weather can lead to slippery conditions while working on a roof. Combine that with strong winds and you have a recipe for disaster.

    Burns

    What many not familiar with the roofing industry don't know is that roofers are frequently working with hot materials such as tar. Contact with hot sticky tar can lead to very serious burns for roofers who must be constantly vigilant especially when working with these materials.

    Insects

    Finally there's the insects like wasps and bees. Roofers who've been in the industry long enough will eventually encounter a beehive or wasp's nest. Up on a roof with no where to hide, roofers sometimes have to make a split second decision to endure the stings and bites or take the plunge to the ground below.

    Call the professionals

    While a do-it-yourself attitude is admirable, roofing work is very technical and involves many hazards. It's always best to leave roofing work to the professionals who have the proper training and equipment needed to do the job safely and effectively.

    Home improvement news brought to you by bartonroof.com

    Source: nanaimodailynews.com/opinion/dirty-jobs-roofing-can-be-dangerous-and-uncomfortable-1.866281

    B)

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    It is expected from an HR to come out with strategic and routine reports. These reports play a significant role in making more effective use of available human resources in small businesses and in large companies alike. HR reports are potent tools of communication that affects the decision-making at the highest levels of a corporate institution.

    •You have to be absolutely certain about the information that is to be conveyed, the purpose behind the communication as well as who you are communicating with as this will dictate the format, depth, content and details of the report.

    • Next you have collect all the information. Some organizations opt for database systems about their employees and statistics can be gathered through in-built or personalized queries. In absence of such databases you may have to rummage through traditional documents or a simple database or excel spreadsheet. Routine HR reports include statistics about HR activities in a specific time frame like new hires, salary info, resignations and promotions. There may also be a need for detailed reports about the local market of the workforce, budgets for salaries and requirements related to skills depending on the nature and utility of the report.

    • Try to find a pattern in the garbled up data of statistics thrown up at you. Absence on particular days, higher turnover of staff may all have special meaning. Try to analyze the meaning behind any pattern. Take for example high rates of absence or resignations in a particular department could indicate management problem which require further analysis or possible action that may be taken. Personal problems are also a possibility in case of some patterns.  

    • Make a draft of the report in the style favored by your company or make use of templates of typical hr reports and customize. As an alternative especially if you are a HR student writing an assignment you can hire a specific person or ask for online hr homework help.  If the report requires you to be more formal, then start off with a summary and remember to include a cover page in your report.

    • Prepare explanations about targets, were they achieved or if not met how the shortfalls are expected to be accounted for. Set targets for the commencing period such as retention as well as recruitment and how you plan to reduce absences. Make the HR activities in accordance with the goals of the organization.


    • Single out external factors that may have effect on your business and as a matter of consequence HR operations in the near future. A political, environmental, social and technical analysis may point out possible issues and ways to address those.

    • Maintain clarity of language and avoid HR technicalities especially if colleagues from other departments or stakeholders are among the intended audience.

    • Try to stick to a system for numbered paragraphs and sub paragraphs. This will enhance readability while maintain clarity. The title should be inclusive of the date, purpose as well as the audience of the report.

    • Try to keep the report brief and focus on the primary issues by use of bullet points, graphs and charts as and when necessary. Readers will be keen on simply reading the facts.

    These steps will help you in writing an effective HR report that does its job well.

    Lisa Rose has been a helping hand for management students including those in the HR sector and provides online hr homework help of outstanding quality for budding managers and entrepreneurs alike.

     

     

  8. Humanity’s effect on the environment is pretty high up on our list of things to worry about. Rarely a week goes by without some new information about the increased rate at which Polar ice caps are melting or waste is piling up or natural disasters are occurring. So what can we do to help prevent irreversible damage to our planet?

    Making your life more sustainable is easier than you think. Just by taking your own bags to the grocery store, cycling rather than driving the odd journey and thinking more carefully about the energy you use, you could greatly reduce your own impact on the natural world.

    These seven great iPhone apps are designed to give you a helping hand when starting a more sustainable life:

    SolarChecker
    Solar panels can reduce your energy costs and provide a cleaner form of power. This app can help you to decide whether solar panels at home is a good idea. The app can measure solar radiation in different areas around your home and tell you whether investing in solar energy is right for you.

    JouleBug
    JouleBug offers a social way to go green. You win points and badges for the various sustainable activities you engage in throughout the day. That could be cycling to work or using a reusable coffee mug. You can take green inspiration from friends and compete with them to be the most environmentally friendly. This app also allows you to see how much you are saving in energy bills by being more careful with how you use your gas and electricity.

    Carma Carpooling
    If you have no other option but to drive to work, make your journey less damaging to the environment by carpooling. This app helps you to find neighbours looking to share a ride and reduce carbon emissions, traffic jams and your own costs in the process.

    HowGood
    Shop more consciously with HowGood. The app allows you to input a grocery item and discover details about its manufacturing process, the way it sources ingredients, its treatment of workers and the waste it produces. Each item is given a HowGood score that acts as an indicator of the item’s social and environmental impact, helping you to make informed shopping decisions on the go.

    Your Garden At Home
    This is a great app for those wanting to grow their own food at home and reduce the carbon impact of growing and transporting produce across the world. The app offers information on different plant varieties, advises you on when to grow and harvest them and how to take care of them.

    PaperKarma
    If your heart sinks at all the junk mail you get coming through your letterbox, PaperKarma could be the answer. The app allows you to take a photograph of any junk mail you receive. Once submitted to PaperKarma, the app will contact the various mailing companies and take your name off their mailing lists.

    Recyclemore
    This app helps you to find the nearest recycling centres for your recyclable waste products. Whether you’re looking to get rid of batteries, clothes, appliances or garden waste, this app can help you to find the right place to take it.

    Going green is made that bit easier with these great iPhone apps. And if you really want to live more sustainably, you should ask yourself if you really need that latest iPhone upgrade. Discarded electronics are piling up in landfills around the world and tons of emissions are produced by manufacturing new ones. Buying second hand and unlocking the handset is a great way to reduce your carbon impact.

     

     

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  9. Hello Everyone!

    I'm a volunteer for TEXAS EDEN PROJECT, an agriculture program that not only grows organic pesticide free fruits and vegetables but also provides what is grown to the public for free. You can learn more about the project on it's website which is TexasEdenProject.org

    On this blog I will post updates about the project as well as information about farming and agriculture.

    Thank you for reading!

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    Employees of the Magor Brewery arranged a clean-up effort of the shoreline at Magor Pill and Caldicot to recognise World Environment Day.

    20 of the brewery’s staff joined the Keep Wales Tidy team to remove waste that had accrued at the site.

    The team was building on last year’s event which removed three skip loads of rubbish from local reens

    AB InBev, owner of the Magor Brewery, is dedicated to protecting the environment and praised its staff for participating in the clean-up.

    The manager of the Magor Brewery, Tony Monteiro, said his staff were delighted to be able to work with the Keep Wales Tidy tem for this event.

    Chris Partridge of Keep Wales Tidy said his team were very happy to work with the brewery staff too and said they had set a great example.

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    Try to think about this possibility. Your home, you are waiting for someone to come over, perhaps toward leaving three people. You know that, it is tradition for you to offer them something to drink and something to eat. Wine is most likely one of your first choices. Of course, you could simply take the time to serve the wine directly from the bottle. However, wouldn’t it be much more elegant if you actually to use a decanter?

    IMG_01681z.jpg (600×400)

    When people come over

    Don’t you think that your friends or in general the people you’re waiting for would actually find you much more prepared for situations like this? Or at least they realise that you are quite the elegant person. We know that many people out there do not exactly understand why you’re supposed to get a different type of container from the wine instead of simply pouring it out of the bottle. Well actually the answer is quite simple. Elegance.

    You must not give yourselves. The more elegant look at gatherings like this the more likely what we enjoy them and a red wine decanter cord very easily help you provide others with these idea. Of course, there are so many different types of decanters you might actually find it a bit difficult to choose. You will go for a classic one or you could simply try something new and exciting.

    How to be elegant

    Whatever you choose, finding it is not going to be difficult. Usually there is an entire behind the idea of wine decanters. There are so many different ideas for designs and companies have made sure that they create all of them. Finding one at a reasonable price is also quite possible.

    All you need to do would be to simply go online to one of those websites like eBay or Amazon and start checking out what they can offer you. We can guarantee that out of the blue you will find yourselves in front of many different choices. Now, the difficulty here will be to choose your favourite design and signal purchase them all.

    Of course, you will know exactly what it is that you need. Find that one design that is going to be matching and becoming one with the scenery of your home bar. Get ready to welcome all your friends and perhaps colleagues. Because now, you will be able to bring the perfect elegance to them.

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    As more and more people begin to care about the planet we live on, the word “eco-friendly” is being used more often and louder every year. We know about recycled products, renewable energy sources, but what do we know about green web-hosting?

    Everything on the planet requires energy and web servers are not an exception, as you can see. A single web server works on a continuous basis every day and it requires a lot of electricity to operate the processes. Now imagine a center with a huge number of web servers (as is commonly the case) and the scale of operations. It was evaluated that the quantity of energy the US datacenters need is equivalent to that 5 million houses, which are put together, consume. Many companies, just like HostingServicesLab, offer web hosting services on the attractive terms, so it is possible to host a website just like you want.

    And now think: every year the amount of consumed energy will be growing; it will be coming from traditional, non-renewable sources such as coals, gas, etc. It is as much harmful for our ecosystem as coal factories or polyethylene bags. If you care about the planet and want to save the environment and you wonder, how to host your website or application without causing more harm, think about green web hosting.

    What Is Eco-Friendly Web Hosts?

    Nonpolluting web hosting is the company-provider which has a program to conserve as much power as possible and even to produce it from renewable sources. A great part of power, which data centers use to run the sites, is usually generated by carbon emitting mechanisms (which give out too much of carbon and other pollutants). As a rule, green web host providers want to lessen the amount of energy utilized by their servers: some employ equipment that takes less power and reduce energy by utilizing wherever possible; some use sun, wind and other renewable resources.

    Green web hosting also implies unloading broken down and old computer equipment in a proper way so it won’t affect the environment. Just like some products, eco-friendly web hosts recycle certain electronic components.

    What Host Is Green?

    Actually, it is difficult to find a green host provider and a green emblem on the website, does not mean that it is truly green. It may be easy for the providers to say that they are ‘eco-friendly’ as one can’t go and check it. However, there are real green web hosting providers, which produce their own power from renewable sources, like use solar panels, wind generators and other harmless mechanisms.

    Here are the things you must look at if you want to pick a real green hosting:

    • The certificates: Many companies present approvals that they are eco-friendly, make sure to examine the authenticity of the documents.
    • Read the policy carefully: Green sign does not prove that the company cares about the environment - have a minute to read the policy page and find out what it actually does to be a Nonpolluting one.
    • Energy star servers: The green host must use power star rated servers to lessen energy consumption.

    Why It Is Important?

    There are actually a lot of benefits. The energy conservation issue is becoming more and more essential matter of concern and companies are encouraged to work on power saving. Web hosting branch is one of the biggest power consumers in the tech world and if it can go green, what should be done? If you choose a nonpolluting web host, you make a choice to save the nature and preserve it for future generations and not to make any negative impact on the environment.

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